Equal Access: Universal Design of Conference Exhibits and PresentationsPDF Version (312 KB) - get Acrobat Reader
A checklist for making conference exhibits and presentations welcoming and accessible to everyone
by Sheryl Burgstahler, Ph.D.
Increasing numbers of people with disabilities attend professional conferences and meetings. Most presenters and exhibitors have the goal that everyone who visits an exhibit, attends a presentation, or seeks information from a publication is able to do so. Reaching this goal, however, involves efforts at many levels. Following are a few examples:
- Exhibits and presentation rooms need to be arranged in such a way that individuals using wheelchairs can access materials and products, see the presenters, and otherwise fully participate.
- Presenters need to deliver spoken, video, and printed information in multiple formats so that participants with sensory impairments can access the content.
- Webmasters, product developers, and material creators need to be aware of accessibility issues and apply accessible design principles.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments of 2008 prohibit discrimination against individuals with disabilities. According to these laws, no otherwise qualified person with a disability shall, solely by reason of his or her disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity of a public entity. This means that conference and meeting activities should be accessible to attendees with disabilities.
An approach to making facilities, information, and activities accessible to and usable by everyone is called universal design. Universal design means that rather than designing for the average user, you design for people with a broad range of characteristics such as native language, gender, racial and ethnic background, age, and disability. Make sure that presenters and exhibit staff are trained to support people with disabilities, respond to specific requests for accommodations in a timely manner, and know who to contact regarding disability-related issues. Ensure that everyone feels welcome, and can
- get to the facility and maneuver within it,
- communicate effectively with support staff,
- access printed materials and electronic resources, and
- fully participate in events and other activities.
Guidelines and Examples
Addressing the following questions provides a good starting point for making your conference exhibits, presentations, and information resources universally accessible. This content does not provide legal advice. Contact the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) for information about legal mandates.
Exhibit and Presentation Facilities
Ensure physical access, comfort, and safety within an environment that is inclusive to people with a variety of abilities, racial and ethnic backgrounds, genders, and ages.
- Is the exhibit and presentation area wheelchair accessible? Aisles should be kept wide and clear of obstructions for the safety of users who have mobility or visual impairments. Remove a few chairs in a presentation room or lab so that a wheelchair user has options for locations to sit in the room.
- Are signs and posters in high contrast and large print so that they can be read by someone with limited vision?
Make sure that staff members are prepared to work with all participants. Do all staff members know how to respond to requests for disability-related accommodations provided by your organization (e.g., presentation and exhibit materials in alternate formats) and by the conference organizer (e.g., sign language interpreters)?
- Are all staff members aware of issues related to communicating with participants who have disabilities? See Presentation, Exhibit, and other Communication Hints at the end of this publication for specific guidelines. For further suggestions, consult Effective Communication: Faculty and Students with Disabilities.1
- Are staff and contractors that create materials used in exhibits and presentations (e.g., web pages, video presentations) knowledgeable about accessibility considerations and directed to employ accessible design principles?
Information Resources and Technology
If your exhibit or presentation uses computers as information resources, ensure these systems employ accessible design, that staff members are aware of accessibility options, and systems are in place to make accommodations.
- In key publications, do you include a statement about your commitment to universal access and procedures for requesting disability-related accommodations? For example, you could include the following statement: "Our goal is to make all materials and products accessible to everyone. Please inform staff of accessibility barriers you encounter and request accommodations that will make our programs, and information resources accessible to you."
- Are all printed publications available (immediately or in a timely manner) in alternate formats such as Braille, large print, and electronic text?
- Are key documents provided in language(s) other than English?
- Are printed materials within easy reach from a variety of heights and without furniture blocking access? Are staff ready to assist visitors who cannot reach handouts?
- Do overhead presentation materials use large, clear characters that can be seen by most individuals from the back of a large room? If you demonstrate web pages do you present them in enlarged print that participants who have visual impairments can read? Do you also ensure that key content is spoken?
- Do electronic resources, including web pages, adhere to accessibility guidelines or standards adopted by your organization, project, or funding source? Guide to the Section 508 Standards for Accessible Electronic and Information Technology2 and the World Wide Web Consortium's Accessibility Guidelines3 are most commonly used. For information about making your website accessible to everyone, consult the World Wide Access: Accessible Web Design video and publication.4
- Do video presentations developed or used in your exhibit or presentation have captions? It is also a good idea to have them audio described (where additional visual content is verbalized for someone who is blind) or have a transcription available in a text format.
- If your exhibit or presentation provides computers for participants, are you ready to respond to requests for assistive technology that individuals with disabilities might make? In most cases, it would be reasonable that such requests be made before the event; adopt a procedure to respond in a timely manner.
- Do you place computers on an adjustable-height table?
- Do you provide a trackball for someone unable to use a mouse?
- Do you provide a large screen monitor and enlargement software (often built into an application)?
- If your company produces electronic technology, is it designed in such a way to be accessible to people with disabilities? A universal design approach is appropriate here; the U.S. Federal Government provides a model for accessible design in its Guide to the Section 508 Standards for Accessible Electronic and Information Technology.2
This checklist was field tested at more than twenty postsecondary institutions nationwide.5 The results of a nationwide survey to test face-validity of checklist items let to further refinement of the checklist. To increase the usefulness of this working document, send suggestions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
For more detailed content online consult Removing Barriers: Planning Meetings That Are Accessible To All Participants7, Creating Video and Multimedia Products That Are Accessible to People with Sensory Impairments8, Working Together videos and publications9, and the Equal Access: Universal of Design Computer Labs video and publication.10
For more information about applications of universal design, consult The Center for Universal Design in Education.11 The book Universal Design in Higher Education: From Principles to Practice published by Harvard Education Press shares perspectives of UD leaders nationwide. To receive a 20% discount visit the DO-IT website.12
Cited Web Resources
DO-IT (Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking, and Technology) serves to increase the successful participation of individuals with disabilities in challenging academic programs such as those in science, engineering, mathematics, and technology. Primary funding for DO-IT is provided by the National Science Foundation, the State of Washington, and the U.S. Department of Education. DO-IT is a collaboration of UW Information Technology and the Colleges of Engineering and Education at the University of Washington.
To order free publications or newsletters use the DO-IT Publications Order Form; to order videos and training materials use the Videos, Books and Comprehensive Training Materials Order Form.
For further information, to be placed on the DO-IT mailing list, request materials in an alternate format, or to make comments or suggestions about DO-IT publications or web pages contact:DO-IT
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Founder and Director: Sheryl Burgstahler, Ph.D.
This publication is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Education (Grant #P333A020044) and the National Science Foundation (Cooperative Agreement #HRD-0227995). Any questions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the federal government.
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