What is a traumatic brain injury?
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) include open and closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, including cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital, degenerative, or induced by birth trauma.
For more information, consult Glossary of Disability-Related Terms and Other Impairments.
Last update or review: January 24, 2013
Copyright © 2002 - 2013 by DO-IT, University of Washington.
Permission is granted to copy these materials for educational,
noncommercial purposes provided the source is acknowledged. The AccessSTEM Knowledge base is funded by the National Science
Foundation (RDE award # HRD-0227995 and HRD-0833504). The contents do not
necessarily represent the policies of the U.S. federal government, and you
should not assume their endorsement. We support the University of Washington's online privacy statement and its terms and conditions of use.