What is the plan?
The University developed a new Campus Master Plan to guide future development of the Seattle campus. It was approved by the Seattle City Council in December of 2002 and by the Board of Regents in January of 2003.
The plan determines how the Seattle campus can grow over the next decade and beyond in response to increasing student enrollment and research demands, while preserving the beauty of its physical environment and minimizing any impacts on its neighbors.
The Seattle Campus Master Plan:
- Identifies which areas of campus will be preserved as open space
- Establishes what the circulation patterns will be, including where streets and pathways are located
- Establishes where parking will be located and how vehicles, pedestrians, and bicycles will travel through campus
- Specifies areas where new development can occur and sets design guidelines for site development
- Identifies how the University will manage its growing transportation needs
- Determines how future development will integrate with the key strategies identified in the University Community Urban Center (UCUC) plan and Sound Transit’s light rail system.
The following are some of the questions that were examined as the Campus Master Plan was developed:
- What will the Seattle campus look like in the next 10, 20, 30 years?
- What open spaces on campus will be preserved and enhanced?
- What will happen to the views and vistas?
- Where will new development occur?
- How will we meet the increase in student enrollment?
- How will future development be integrated with the surrounding community?
Why did we write the master plan?
The University’s previous ten-year master plan, the General Physical Development Plan (GPDP), was drafted in the late 1980s. To keep pace with a rapidly changing educational and funding environment, the University needed a new plan that would allow flexibility to respond to the challenges and opportunities ahead.
Developing the new plan was critical to prepare the University for the next century, to ensure the UW continues to provide high quality education, fulfills its public service mission, and remains one of the nation’s leading public research universities.
Some of the key challenges the University will face in the future include:
- Enrollment growth: Student, faculty and staff enrollment at the UW Seattle campus is projected to grow by 9,000 — approximately 3,000-4,000 students and 5,000 additional faculty and staff — over the next ten years. This projected growth is in response to an increasing college-age population, a rising demand for higher education, and other research and educational needs. To accommodate this growth, the UW anticipates developing about 3 million additional square feet of space over the next decade.
- Funding: In the past, the University received most of its funding for building projects from the state. With state funding for capital projects growing tighter, the University must now seek new opportunities to generate funding.
- Research and education: The research and educational environment is growing increasingly dynamic – technology is rapidly changing and new fields of study are emerging. Remaining on the frontier of education and research requires even greater flexibility and innovation.
A plan builds on the past
Although the current plan took a different approach than previous plans, it continues to build on the foundation and tradition of physical planning for the campus that extends back to the turn of the century.
Since 1962, the University’s planning efforts have taken into consideration the urban neighborhoods surrounding the campus. As the entire Seattle community grew, the University, neighborhoods and city of Seattle recognized the need for more coordination, and adopted a joint statement of goals and policies in 1977.
In 1983, the joint statement was revised and strengthened by the City-University Agreement, which outlined the contents of the University’s master plan and established a process for developing, reviewing and approving it. In addition, the agreement recognized the importance of the City/University Community Advisory Committee (CUCAC) in providing community input into the planning process. CUCAC is currently comprised of 16 representatives appointed by the surrounding communities.
The City-University agreement was revised in 1998 by the University and surrounding communities working together. The agreement continues to recognize the important role of CUCAC in providing feedback to the University in its master planning efforts. CUCAC co-sponsored the University’s public meetings on the Master Plan, and under the City-University agreement, also co-convened the University’s formal public hearing on its preliminary plan.
In addition to the revision of the City-University Agreement, the University of Washington has been deeply involved in several other planning efforts. The University participated in the development of the University District neighborhood plan, which was adopted under resolution by the Seattle City Council. The University also works to ensure that the Campus Master Plan compliments elements of the neighborhood plan.
A vision for the future
To lay the foundation for the Campus Master Plan, the University launched a special “Campus Visioning” project to find out what members of the campus and surrounding community valued most about the campus and wanted to see in its future.
The project, led by faculty from the department of Landscape Architecture, was the first of its kind for the University. In the spring of1998, the project solicited input from students, faculty, staff, and the surrounding community using surveys, focus groups and an interactive website.
People were asked about their favorite places on campus, what inspired them, and how important the physical environment was to their work and scholarship. Their responses revealed tremendous pride and appreciation for the beauty of the campus, and the importance of the physical surroundings in nurturing the work and scholarship that happens here.
A new planning approach
Meeting the challenges of the next decade called for more than just a new plan – it called for a new approach to planning. The Campus Master Plan is more conceptual than the previous GPDP. The Seattle Campus Master Plan:
- Provides a framework for campus development by identifying open spaces, circulation patterns and building sites
- Sets development standards to ensure a future project is appropriate for a particular site
- Identifies the University’s projected population increase and development needs to allow the University to plan for and manage increased growth
Unlike the GPDP, the Campus Master Plan does not designate site-specific building projects for the next ten years and beyond, but outlines the general use for each site. Decisions about specific projects are now part of the University’s ongoing capital planning process, to allow for regular and thorough campus-wide review.
Under the terms of a 1998 City University Agreement, the University Board of Regents and the Seattle City Council approved the plan. City Council approval took place in December of 2002, and Regental approval in January of 2003. It remains in effect until the three million square feet of development is built, or until a new master plan is adopted.
Who was Involved in the development of the master plan?
University of Washington Board of Regents: Governing board of the University, responsible for approving the new Campus Master Plan.
Master Plan Advisory Committee: Provides guidance and oversight to the master planning process. This committee, appointed and chaired by Executive Vice President Weldon Ihrig, is comprised of representatives from faculty, staff and students from throughout campus.
City/University Community Advisory Committee (CUCAC): Advises the City of Seattle and University on the orderly physical development of the greater University area. CUCAC is comprised of 16 representatives appointed by surrounding communities. CUCAC plays a key role in providing community input into the planning process. CUCAC also co-sponsored the master plan public meetings.
Seattle City Council: Responsible for approving the Campus Master Plan.
Master Plan Working Group: Responsible for the detailed development of the plan. This group is comprised of key University staff and consultants involved with campus planning.
- Theresa Doherty, Director, UW Office of Regional Relations, Master Plan Working Group Chair
- Jan Arntz, Environmental Planner
- Brodie Bain, Architect, Mithun Partners
- Lee Copeland, Mithun Partners and UW Architectural Consultant
- Marilyn Cox, Director of Capital and Space Planning
- Peter Dewey, Transportation System Manager
- T.C. Richmond, Assistant Attorney General
- Pam Stewart, Director of Planning and Facilities Infrastructure for Computing & Communications
- Bill Talley, Campus Landscape Architect
Architectural consultant: Lee Copeland and Brodie Bain worked to draft the plan. Copeland has a long history with the University. He served on the faculty from 1964-1979 and as dean of the College of Architecture and Urban Planning from 1972-1979. He is also currently the University’s Architectural Advisor.
Transportation consultant: DKS Associates of Portland, Oregon was hired to help develop a new Transportation Management Plan. DKS has extensive experience working on transportation analysis and planning with major universities, including the University of Washington.
Environmental Impact Statement consultant: Huckell/Weinman, with consultants Terry McCann and Richard Schipanski, have managed some 13 EIS projects for the University, including the University’s East Campus area and Indoor Practice field. They also completed many EIS’s for other major institutions in the Seattle area. They have been part of the Seattle’s major institution planning process since its inception in 1981, and actively served as one of three consultants on a committee comprised of the City’s major institutions, DCLU, Mayors Office, Department of Neighborhoods, and the City Council to draft revisions to the Major Institutions Code.