Population Health

What is population health?

Our definition of population health builds on the foundational work of researchers David Kindig and Greg Stoddart, who stated in 2003 that population health is “the health outcomes of a group of individuals, including the distribution of such outcomes within the group.” Kindig and Stoddart also noted that the determinants of population health include medical care, public health interventions, aspects of the social and physical environments, genetics and individual behavior.

Like Kindig and Stoddart, we see population health as a broad concept encompassing not only the elimination of diseases and injuries, but also the intersecting and overlapping factors that influence health. These influencing factors include the environment, education, mobility, policy and governance, poverty, racism, infrastructure, access to technology, urban planning and many more.

Together, these issues revolve around three major pillars — human health, environmental resilience and social and economic equity — that affect the lives of billions of people around the world.

Three major pillars affecting billions of lives


Human health


Environmental resilience


Social and economic equity