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COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES
PHILOSOPHY

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PHIL 100 Introduction to Philosophy (5) I&S Baker, A. Moore, Rosenthal
Major philosophical questions relating to such matters as the existence of God, the foundations of knowledge, the nature of reality, and the nature of morality. Approach may be either historical or topical. Offered: AWSpS.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Colin Robert Marshall Dustyn Stone Addington Brian Lars Enden Tyler W. Hildebrand Karen Mazner Adam Daniel Moore Olin M. Robus Paul L. Franco Michael Rosenthal

PHIL 101 Philosophical Classics (5) I&S
Selected works of some of the major philosophers, such as Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Hume, Kant. The philosophers studied vary.

PHIL 102 Contemporary Moral Problems (5) VLPA/I&S Blake, A. Moore
Philosophical consideration of some of the main moral problems of modern society and civilization, such as abortion, euthanasia, war, and capital punishment. Topics vary.
Instructor Course Description: Amy J. Reed-Sandoval Asia Ferrin Jason D. Benchimol Janice E. Moskalik Jeramy S. Gee Karen Mazner Elizabeth A. Scarbrough Michael I. Blake David M. Nixon Adam Daniel Moore Patrick T. Smith Walter S. Clifton Sara L. Goering Andrea Sullivan-Clarke

PHIL 110 Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy (5) I&S
An introduction to political theories such as conservatism, liberalism, and socialism and their treatment of select social issues.
Instructor Course Description: Asia Ferrin Mitchell T. Kaufman Patrick T. Smith

PHIL 114 Philosophical Issues in the Law (5) I&S R. Moore
Analysis and critical assessment of various philosophical issues in law and legal reasoning. Material drawn from actual law cases, as well as writings by contemporary philosophers of law and lawyers. Topics include criminal responsibility, civil disobedience, abortion, enforcement of morals. Special legal or philosophical training not required.
Instructor Course Description: Janice E. Moskalik Elizabeth A. Scarbrough Ronald M Moore

PHIL 115 Practical Reasoning (5) I&S, QSR Lee
Introduction to logic emphasizing concepts and methods useful for practical analysis of arguments in everyday contexts; meaning, syllogisms, logical diagrams, inductive and statistical inference, informal fallacies, argument structure, perhaps some beginning symbolic logic. Offered: AWSpS.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Carole J Lee Brian Lars Enden Joseph T. Ricci Jeramy S. Gee Mitchell T. Kaufman Paul L. Franco Walter S. Clifton Andrea Sullivan-Clarke

PHIL 120 Introduction to Logic (5) I&S/NW, QSR Hankinson, Nelson, Manchak, Weller
Elementary symbolic logic. The development, application, and theoretical properties of an artificial symbolic language designed to provide a clear representation of the logical structure of deductive arguments.
Instructor Course Description: Arthur I Fine Cass J Weller Brian Lars Enden Tyler W. Hildebrand Joseph T. Ricci Lynn Hankinson Nelson John B. Manchak Mitchell T. Kaufman William F. Harms

PHIL 160 Why Do We Believe in Quarks, Evolution, and Other Crazy Things? Perspectives on Science, Reason, and Reality (5) I&S Hankinson Nelson
Study of how scientific theories are justified and why they are accepted, using selected examples from the history of science.
Instructor Course Description: Jonathan W. Rosenberg Lynn Hankinson Nelson Mitchell T. Kaufman

PHIL 199 New Majors Seminar (2) VLPA/I&S
Introduces undergraduates to the field and to the interests of various faculty. Prerequisite: one previous PHIL course. Credit/no-credit only.
Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller Michael Rosenthal Stephen M. Gardiner

PHIL 200 Topics in Philosophy (3-5, max. 10) I&S
A study of philosophical topics at the introductory level. The content of the course is entirely at the discretion of the instructor.
Instructor Course Description: Amy J. Reed-Sandoval Brian Lars Enden Ingra R. Schellenberg Joseph T. Ricci Elizabeth A. Scarbrough Ronald M Moore Walter S. Clifton

PHIL 205 Philosophy for Children (5) I&S
Introduction to the methods of "doing" philosophy with young people. Stresses the development of a community of inquiry in which budding philosophers are encouraged to ask their own relevant questions, develop views and articulate reasons for them, and to listen and learn from one another. Credit/no-credit only.
Instructor Course Description: David A. Shapiro Jana Mohr Lone

PHIL 206 Philosophy of Feminism (5) I&S, DIV
Philosophical analysis of the concepts and assumptions central to feminism. Theoretical positions within the feminist movement; view of the ideal society, goals and strategies of the movement, intersections of the sex-gender system with other systems of oppression. Offered: jointly with GWSS 206/POL S 212.
Instructor Course Description: Margaret Alison Wylie Christine Di Stefano Rebecca Aanerud Tylir J Mckenzie

PHIL 207 Issues of Global Justice (5) I&S Blake, Mayerfeld, Talbott
Introduces issues of global justice. Topics include: global poverty and aid, immigration, transnational governance, gender in global relations, climate change, and cultural relativism. Offered: jointly with POL S 207/VALUES 207.
Instructor Course Description: Jason Mayerfeld Michael I. Blake William J. Talbott

PHIL 240 Introduction to Ethics (5) VLPA/I&S Gardiner, Roberts, Talbott
Critical introduction to various philosophical views of the basis and presuppositions of morality and moral knowledge. Critical introduction to various types of normative ethical theory, including utilitarian, deontological, and virtue theories.
Instructor Course Description: Benjamin V. Hole Jason D. Benchimol Jean Valerie Roberts Jeramy S. Gee Paul L. Franco Stephen M. Gardiner William J. Talbott

PHIL 241 Topics in Ethics (5, max. 10) VLPA/I&S
Introduction to ethics through in-depth study of one or more selected topics (e.g., limits of moral community, animal rights, moral education, and freedom). Topics vary.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Jason D. Benchimol Janice E. Moskalik Elizabeth A. Scarbrough Patrick T. Smith

PHIL 242 Introduction to Medical Ethics (5) VLPA/I&S Goering, Schellenberg
Introduction to ethics, primarily for first- and second-year students. Emphasizes philosophical thinking and writing through an in-depth study of philosophical issues arising in the practice of medicine. Examines the issues of medical ethics from a patient's point of view.
Instructor Course Description: Asia Ferrin Amy J. Reed-Sandoval Karen Emmerman Mazner Ingra R. Schellenberg Jason D. Benchimol Patrick T. Smith Walter S. Clifton Sara L. Goering

PHIL 243 Environmental Ethics (5) I&S
Focuses on some of the philosophical questions that arise in connection with environmental studies. Topics to be considered include: the ideological roots of current issues, values and the natural world, public policy and risk assessment, intergenerational justice, and social change. Offered: jointly with ENVIR 243.
Instructor Course Description: Lauren Hartzell Nichols Joseph T. Ricci Patrick T. Smith

PHIL 267 Introduction to Philosophy of Religion (5) I&S
Consideration of the sources of religious ideas and practices, the main kinds of religious views and the problems they raise, and the different forms that spirituality can take. Issues concerning the relations of religion to science and morality also treated.
Instructor Course Description: Brian Lars Enden Jeramy S. Gee

PHIL 301 Intermediate Topics in Philosophy (3-5, max. 10) I&S
Philosophical topics at the intermediate level. Content varies each quarter, depending on instructor.
Instructor Course Description: Jason D. Benchimol Janice E. Moskalik Mitchell T. Kaufman Paul L. Franco Walter S. Clifton Stephen M. Gardiner Ellwood Wiggins

PHIL 307 Justice Across Disciplinary Boundaries (5) I&S
What is justice? One of the oldest questions in philosophy and also one of the most current. A multi-disciplinary approach to understanding justice.

PHIL 314 Philosophy of Crime and Punishment (5) I&S R. Moore
Examination of philosophical theories regarding criminal habits and punishment and the philosophical problems connected with specific topics in criminal law. Examines proper subject matter of criminal law (drug use, pornography, euthanasia); limits of criminal sanctions; crime and privilege (corporate crime, white-collar crime, blackmail); justifications for punishment; mercy; and execution.
Instructor Course Description: Janice E. Moskalik Ronald M Moore

PHIL 320 Ancient Philosophy (5) I&S Roberts, Weller
Survey of ancient Greek philosophy, beginning with the pre-Socratics and proceeding on through Plato to Aristotle.
Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller Jean Valerie Roberts

PHIL 322 Modern Philosophy (5) I&S Baker, Rosenthal, Weller
Examination of metaphysical and epistemological problems from the works of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, Hume, and Kant.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Cass J Weller Colin Robert Marshall Brian Lars Enden Elizabeth E. Goodnick Jonathan D. Peeters Paul L. Franco Michael Rosenthal

PHIL 330 History of Ancient Political Philosophy (5) I&S Roberts
Political philosophy of fourth- and fifth-century Greece, especially the Sophists, Plato, and Aristotle, stressing the connection between the political philosophy and the underlying philosophical system of each philosopher.
Instructor Course Description: Jean Valerie Roberts

PHIL 332 History of Modern Political Philosophy (5) I&S Blake, A. Moore, Talbott
Examination of major political philosophies from the sixteenth century to the nineteenth century, with attention to the underlying philosophical methods and foundations.
Instructor Course Description: Laurence A Bonjour Michael I. Blake Adam Daniel Moore William J. Talbott

PHIL 334 Philosophy of Marxism (3) I&S
Philosophy of Marx and the Marxist tradition with attention to key Marxist concepts such as exploitation, alienation, and historical materialism.

PHIL 335 Plato's Republic (5) VLPA/I&S
Designed especially for philosophy majors, but open to non-majors. Intensive study of Plato's masterpiece. Prerequisite: one PHIL course.
Instructor Course Description: Brian Lars Enden

PHIL 338 Philosophy of Human Rights (5) I&S Talbott
Theories of human rights and the bearing of these theories on issues of public policy such as legitimacy of war and terrorism, economic justice, and whether future generations have rights.
Instructor Course Description: William J. Talbott

PHIL 340 History of Ancient Ethics (5) VLPA/I&S Roberts, Weller
Development of moral thought from Socrates through the Stoics. Particular emphasis on the ethical writings of Plato and Aristotle.
Instructor Course Description: Benjamin V. Hole Cass J Weller Jean Valerie Roberts

PHIL 342 History of Modern Ethics (5) VLPA/I&S Rosenthal, Weller
Development of moral thought from Hobbes through Nietzsche, with particular emphasis on the ethical writings of Hume, Kant, and John Stuart Mill.
Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller Nancy A.S. Jecker Michael Rosenthal

PHIL 343 Ethics and the Environment (5) I&S Nichols
Advanced introduction to environmental ethics, with an emphasis on nonanthropocentric value theory.

PHIL 344 History of Recent Ethics (5) VLPA/I&S
Study of major ethical writings in the twentieth century, with principal emphasis on the Anglo-American tradition.
Instructor Course Description: Andrea I. Woody Nancy A.s. Jecker

PHIL 345 Moral Issues of Life and Death (5) VLPA/I&S Goering
Examination of such topics as war and murder, famine relief, capital punishment, high-risk technologies, abortion, suicide, and the rights of future generations.
Instructor Course Description: Karen Emmerman Mazner Ingra R. Schellenberg Sara L. Goering

PHIL 346 Personal Values and Human Good (5) I&S Baker, Goering
Examination of the idea of a good human life. Emphases differ from year to year. Typical topics include happiness and prudence, rationality and life plans, personal values and the meaning of life, autonomy and false consciousness, self-respect and self-esteem, honesty and self-deception, faith and "vital lies."
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker

PHIL 347 Philosophy in Literature (5) VLPA/I&S
Study of philosophical ideas expressed in works of literature.

PHIL 350 Introduction to Epistemology (5) I&S Baker, Talbott
Nature, definition, and possibility of knowledge.
Instructor Course Description: Arthur I Fine Brian Lars Enden William J. Talbott

PHIL 356 Introduction to Metaphysics (5) I&S Baker
Introductory examination of some of the main problems in metaphysics, such as the nature of truth and reality, the metaphysical status of properties, the existence of free will.
Instructor Course Description: Tyler W. Hildebrand

PHIL 360 Introductory Topics in Philosophy of Science (5, max. 10) I&S Fine, Hankinson Nelson, Manchak, Woody
Study of one or more current topics in philosophy of science such as scientific realism, explanation, confirmation, causation. Prerequisite: one PHIL course; recommended: PHIL 120; PHIL 160.
Instructor Course Description: Arthur I Fine Andrea I. Woody Lynn Hankinson Nelson John B. Manchak Paul L. Franco

PHIL 363 Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind (5) I&S
Various theories of the nature of mind, the relationship between mind and body, the self, introspection, and knowledge of other minds.
Instructor Course Description: Walter S. Clifton William F. Harms

PHIL 399 Foreign Study (2-5, max. 10)
Upper-division philosophy studies with no direct UW equivalents, taken through UW foreign study programs.

PHIL 401 Advanced Topics in Philosophy (3-5, max. 10) I&S
A study of philosophical topics at the advanced level. Topics vary.
Instructor Course Description: Vinod Acharya Ann Michelle Baker Margaret Alison Wylie Andrea I. Woody Carole J Lee Bob Alan Dumas Tyler W. Hildebrand Ingra R. Schellenberg Jason D. Benchimol Eran Klein Lynn Hankinson Nelson Michael I. Blake Adam Daniel Moore Ronald M Moore Michael Rosenthal Sara L. Goering Stephen M. Gardiner

PHIL 406 Philosophical Topics in Feminism (5) I&S, DIV Goering, Hankinson Nelson, Woody
Detailed examination of questions raised by recent feminist scholarship in particular areas of philosophy, such as political theory, ethics, epistemology, or philosophy of science. Emphasis varies.
Instructor Course Description: Andrea I. Woody Lynn Hankinson Nelson Sara L. Goering

PHIL 407 International Justice (5) Blake, Gardiner
Examines issues through investigation of the moral foundations of international politics. Issues include: What moral duties constrain the relationships between states? Is international poverty a matter of moral concern? Are we justified in preferring the interest of our fellow nations? Prerequisite: one course in philosophy.
Instructor Course Description: J Bradley Mchose Michael I. Blake Stephen M. Gardiner

PHIL 408 Philosophy of Diversity (5) I&S, DIV Blake
Must a liberal political community respect all claims made on behalf of minority cultural groups? Are there moral limits to the forms of diversity compatible with just governance? Examines modern philosophical writings on these topics. Prerequisite: One philosophy course.

PHIL 409 Philosophy of Disability (3) I&S, DIV Goering
Rethinks the non-disabled assumption at the heart of much of western moral and political philosophy. Explores concepts of autonomy, opportunity, personhood, and dependence in regard to disability. Issues may include prenatal testing and reproduction, special education, requirements of accommodation, and social and legal interpretations of disability. Prerequisite: one philosophy course or LSJ 332/CHID 332, LSJ 433/CHID 433, or LSJ 434/CHID 434.
Instructor Course Description: Sara L. Goering

PHIL 410 Social Philosophy (5) I&S Talbott
An examination of topics pertaining to social structures and institutions such as liberty, distributive justice, and human rights.
Instructor Course Description: Stephen M. Gardiner William J. Talbott

PHIL 411 Justice in Health Care (5) VLPA/I&S Jecker
Examination of the ethical problem of allocating scarce medical resources. Emphasizes the fundamental principles of justice that support alternative health policies. Recommended: prior courses in philosophy or ethics. Offered: jointly with B H 474.
Instructor Course Description: Nancy A.S. Jecker

PHIL 412 Ethical Theory (5) I&S Jecker
Studies the major normative ethical theories, including both teleological and deontological approaches. Emphasizes moral philosophy during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, as well as contemporary commentary. Recommended: one basic course in ethics. Offered: jointly with B H 402.
Instructor Course Description: Nancy A.S. Jecker

PHIL 413 Metaethical Theory (5) I&S Jecker
Studies the major metaethical theories, including both cognitivist and noncognitivist approaches. Emphasizes moral philosophy during the twentieth century, as well as contemporary commentary. Recommended: one introductory philosophy course. Offered: jointly with B H 404.
Instructor Course Description: Nancy A.S. Jecker

PHIL 414 Philosophy of Law (5) I&S A. Moore, R. Moore
Nature and function of law. Relation of law to morality. Legal rights, judicial reasoning.
Instructor Course Description: Ronald M Moore

PHIL 415 Advanced Topics in Animal Welfare (5) I&S
Critical examination of issues in the philosophy of animal welfare and animal rights. Prerequisite: one philosophy course.
Instructor Course Description: Lauren Hartzell Nichols

PHIL 416 Ethics and Climate Change (5) I&S Gardiner
Critical examination of the ethical issues surrounding climate change. Prerequisite: either one philosophy or one environmental studies course. Offered: jointly with ENVIR 416.
Instructor Course Description: Lauren Hartzell Nichols Stephen M. Gardiner

PHIL 417 Advanced Topics in Environmental Philosophy (5) I&S Gardiner
Critical examination of issues in environmental philosophy. Topics vary. Prerequisite: one philosophy course. Offered: jointly with ENVIR 417.

PHIL 418 Jewish Philosophy (5) I&S Rosenthal
Introduces the central concepts and themes of Jewish philosophy. Focuses either on debates within a particular historical period - e.g., medieval or modern; or on a topic - e.g., reactions to the Enlightenment or to the Holocaust. Prerequisite: at least one previous course in philosophy. Offered: jointly with JSIS C 418.
Instructor Course Description: Michael Rosenthal

PHIL 422 Studies in Continental Rationalism (5, max. 15) I&S Rosenthal
Study of one or more of the major continental rationalists: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz.
Instructor Course Description: Paul L. Franco Michael Rosenthal

PHIL 426 Twentieth-Century Philosophy (5) I&S Baker, Weller
A study of development of contemporary analytic philosophy, the revolt against idealism, and the linguistic turn in philosophy.
Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller Paul L. Franco

PHIL 430 Hellenistic Philosophy (3) I&S Roberts
Survey of the Epicurean, Stoic, and Skeptic philosophy of the Hellenistic period. Emphasis may vary.
Instructor Course Description: Jean Valerie Roberts

PHIL 431 Philosophy of Plato (3, max. 6) I&S Roberts, Weller
Study of selected middle and late dialogues.
Instructor Course Description: Jean Valerie Roberts

PHIL 433 Philosophy of Aristotle (3, max. 6) I&S Roberts, Weller
Study of several major Aristotelian treatises.
Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller Jean Valerie Roberts

PHIL 436 British Empiricism (3) I&S Baker, Weller
Examination of the metaphysical and epistemological views of Locke and Berkeley, with perhaps some attention also to Hume. Prerequisite: either PHIL 322 or PHIL 350.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Cass J Weller Lynn Hankinson Nelson

PHIL 437 Philosophy of Hume (3) I&S Talbott, Weller
Hume's analyses of knowledge, the passions, and morals.
Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller William J. Talbott

PHIL 438 Philosophy of Kant (5) I&S Weller
Systematic study of The Critique of Pure Reason.
Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller Colin Robert Marshall

PHIL 440 Ethics (5) I&S Roberts, Talbott
Critical examination of the concepts and judgments of value, including an analytical treatment of the notions of good and bad, right and wrong, and obligation. Emphasis varies from quarter to quarter.
Instructor Course Description: Jason D. Benchimol Jean Valerie Roberts William J. Talbott

PHIL 445 Philosophy of Art (5) VLPA/I&S R. Moore
Critical examination of various accounts of the nature of art, artistic activity, the aesthetic experience. Problems in interpretation and evaluation of works of art.
Instructor Course Description: Ronald M Moore

PHIL 446 Development of Aesthetic Theory (5) VLPA/I&S R. Moore
Historical development of aesthetics, emphasizing such major figures as Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant, Hegel, and Goodman.
Instructor Course Description: Ronald M Moore

PHIL 450 Epistemology (5) I&S Baker, Talbott
Systematic study of some of the main problems of the theory of knowledge, such as: the definition of "knowledge"; a priori knowledge; perception and knowledge of the external world; and whether knowledge has or requires a foundation. Emphasis varies from quarter to quarter.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Tyler W. Hildebrand William J. Talbott

PHIL 453 Philosophy of Language (5) VLPA/I&S
Current theories of meaning, reference, predication, and related concepts. Offered: jointly with LING 476.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Tyler W. Hildebrand

PHIL 456 Metaphysics (5) I&S Baker
Examination of such topics as freedom of the will, the nature of persons and personal identity, the existence of God, time, necessary truth, and universals. The emphases vary from year to year.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Tyler W. Hildebrand

PHIL 459 Philosophy of Medicine (5) I&S Jecker
Familiarizes students with central issues in the philosophy of medicine. Focuses on the nature of medical knowledge, the connection between theory and observation, the meaning of medical concepts, and the relationship between theories and the world. Recommended: prior courses in philosophy, history of science, or history of medicine. Offered: jointly with B H 440.
Instructor Course Description: Ingra R. Schellenberg Sara L. Goering

PHIL 460 Philosophy of Science (5) I&S/NW Hankinson Nelson, Manchak, Woody
Critical study of the nature of scientific knowledge. Topics include the relation of theory to observation, the use of mathematics, how theories change, the requirements for the meaningfulness of a theory, and nature of confirmation.. Prerequisite: one PHIL course; recommended: PHIL 120 or PHIL 160.
Instructor Course Description: Andrea I. Woody Lynn Hankinson Nelson John B. Manchak

PHIL 461 Philosophical Anthropology (5) I&S
Investigation of the question, "What is human reality?" Philosophical significance of this question and its relation to the human sciences. Typical answers. Implications of those answers for culture, religion, morals, and politics.

PHIL 463 Philosophy of Mind (5) I&S BonJour, Lee
Examination of current theories of the nature of the mind and mental processes.
Instructor Course Description: Carole J Lee

PHIL 464 Philosophical Issues in the Cognitive Sciences (5) I&S/NW
Philosophical problems connected with research in psychology, artificial intelligence, and other cognitive sciences. Topics vary. Readings from both philosophical and scientific literature. Accessible to nonphilosophers with suitable interests and backgrounds.
Instructor Course Description: Carole J Lee

PHIL 465 Philosophy of History (3) I&S Baker
Analyses of basic concepts employed in historical interpretation, and study of some of the principal philosophers of history, such as Plato, Saint Augustine, Hegel, Marx, Spengler, Toynbee.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Margaret Alison Wylie

PHIL 466 Philosophy of the Social Sciences (5) I&S Hankinson Nelson, Talbott
Examination of fundamental issues in the foundations, methodology, and interpretation of the social sciences. Topics include value orientation and objectivity, methodological individualism, functionalism, reductionism, and the status of idealized models, including models involving idealized conceptions of individual rationality. Emphasis varies from quarter to quarter.
Instructor Course Description: Lynn Hankinson Nelson

PHIL 467 Philosophy of Religion (5) I&S Rosenthal
Study of selected topics and problems in the philosophy of religion, such as: arguments for the existence of God; the problem of evil; atheism; faith; religious experience and revelation; the attributes of God; miracles; immortality; and the relation between religion and morality. Readings from historical and contemporary authors.
Instructor Course Description: Tyler W. Hildebrand Michael Rosenthal

PHIL 470 Intermediate Logic (5) I&S/NW, QSR Fine
An introduction to the concepts and methods of metatheory and their application to the sentential calculus.
Instructor Course Description: Arthur I Fine Michael E. Townsend

PHIL 471 Advanced Logic (5) I&S/NW
Study of the first-order predicate calculus with identity and function symbols. Consistency, soundness, completeness, compactness. Skolem-Lowenheim theorem. Formalized theories. Prerequisite: PHIL 470.
Instructor Course Description: Michael E. Townsend

PHIL 472 Axiomatic Set Theory (5) I&S/NW Townsend
Development of axiomatic set theory up to and including the consistency of the Axiom of Choice and Continuum Hypothesis with the Zermelo-Fraenkel Axioms.
Instructor Course Description: Bob Alan Dumas John B. Manchak Michael E. Townsend

PHIL 473 Philosophy of Mathematics (5) I&S/NW Fine
Study of the traditional accounts of the nature of mathematical entities and mathematical truth given by logicism, intuitionism, and formalism, and the impact of Godel's incompleteness theorems on these accounts.
Instructor Course Description: Arthur I Fine Bob Alan Dumas

PHIL 474 Modal Logic (5) I&S/NW
Notions of necessity and possibility, using the classical systems T, S4, and S5, and the syntax and the semantics (Kripke models) of these systems.
Instructor Course Description: Bob Alan Dumas

PHIL 479 Semantics II (3) VLPA/I&S/NW Ogihara
Formal characterization of linguistic meaning. Emphasis on nature and purpose of formal semantics and on its relation to formal syntax. Prerequisite: LING 442. Offered: jointly with LING 479.

PHIL 481 Philosophy of Biology (5) I&S/NW Hankinson Nelson
Study of several current topics in philosophy of biology, which may include the logical structure of evolutionary theory, fitness, taxonomy, the concept of a living thing, reductionism, the concept of a biological species, evolutionary explanations, and philosophical consequences of sociology. Prerequisite: one PHIL course; recommended: college-level course in biological science.
Instructor Course Description: Lynn Hankinson Nelson

PHIL 482 Philosophy of Physical Science (5, max. 10) I&S/NW Fine, Woody
Study of philosophical issues raised by theories in physics or chemistry, such as whether space (time) is a substance, how causation and locality are treated in quantum mechanics, temporal anistropy and time travel, the nature of a field of force, the reduction of chemistry to physics. Prerequisite: one PHIL course.
Instructor Course Description: Arthur I Fine Andrea I. Woody Lynn Hankinson Nelson John B. Manchak

PHIL 483 Induction and Probability (5) I&S/NW Manchak
Introduction to current accounts of evidence and observation, the confirmation of scientific theories, the logic of inductive reasoning, and the metaphysics and epistemology of chance. High school-level math used. Specific topics vary from year to year. Prerequisite: PHIL 120.
Instructor Course Description: John B. Manchak

PHIL 484 Reading in Philosophy (1-5, max. 15)
Individual study of selected philosophical works.

PHIL 490 Advanced Topics in Epistemology (5, max. 15) I&S Talbott
Intensive study of a particular topic or area in epistemology. Prerequisite: either PHIL 350 or PHIL 450.
Instructor Course Description: Laurence A Bonjour William J. Talbott

PHIL 495 Philosophy for Children Practicum (3) I&S Goering, Lone, Shapiro
Explores methods for introducing philosophy to K-12 students, focusing on ways to establish "communities of philosophical inquiry." Students learn how to inspire philosophical discussions with pre-college students, and work in pairs with the instructor to lead philosophy sessions in the seminar and in local schools. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: A.
Instructor Course Description: Jana Mohr Lone

PHIL 498 Undergraduate Internship (1-5, max. 10) Baker
Independent fieldwork under the supervision of a faculty member. Individual experiences vary but could include an off-campus practicum or being trained as study group leader or tutor. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: AWSp.
Instructor Course Description: Jana Mohr Lone

PHIL 500 Proseminar in Philosophy (5)
Introduces incoming graduate students to topics representative of the field and the faculty's interest. Each class session is devoted to a separate topic taught by a different member of the faculty. In addition to reading and short written assignments, students prepare a term paper on a topic presented. Offered: A.
Instructor Course Description: Andrea I. Woody Sara L. Goering

PHIL 505 Seminar in Teaching Philosophy (1, max. 10) Baker
First quarter: seminar on topics of importance to a graduate student teaching two quiz sections of a large lecture course. Second quarter: focus on helping student prepare to teach own course. Prerequisite: graduate standing in philosophy. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: AW.
Instructor Course Description: Ann Michelle Baker Benjamin V. Hole

PHIL 510 Seminar in Social Philosophy (5, max. 20) Talbott

Instructor Course Description: Michael I. Blake Stephen M. Gardiner William J. Talbott

PHIL 514 Seminar in Legal Philosophy (5, max. 20) R. Moore

Instructor Course Description: Adam Daniel Moore Ronald M Moore

PHIL 520 Seminar in Ancient Philosophy (5, max. 20) Roberts, Weller

Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller Jean Valerie Roberts

PHIL 522 Seminar in Modern Philosophy (5, max. 20) Rosenthal, Weller

Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller Colin Robert Marshall Michael Rosenthal

PHIL 526 Seminar in Recent Philosophy (5, max. 20) Weller

Instructor Course Description: Cass J Weller

PHIL 538 Philosophy of Human Rights (5, max. 20) Talbott

Instructor Course Description: William J. Talbott

PHIL 540 Seminar in Ethics (5, max. 20) Goering, Roberts, Schellenberg, Talbott

Instructor Course Description: Ingra R. Schellenberg Sara L. Goering Stephen M. Gardiner William J. Talbott

PHIL 545 Seminar in the Philosophy of Art (5, max. 20) R. Moore

Instructor Course Description: Ronald M Moore

PHIL 550 Seminar in Epistemology (5, max. 20) Talbott

Instructor Course Description: William J. Talbott

PHIL 556 Seminar in Metaphysics (5, max. 20) Baker

PHIL 560 Seminar in the Philosophy of Science (5, max. 20) Fine, Hankinson Nelson, Manchak, Woody

Instructor Course Description: Arthur I Fine Margaret Alison Wylie Andrea I. Woody Lynn Hankinson Nelson John B. Manchak

PHIL 563 Seminar in the Philosophy of Mind (5, max. 20) Lee

Instructor Course Description: Carole J Lee

PHIL 564 Seminar in Philosophy of the Cognitive Sciences (5)
Examines philosophical questions raised in and by cognitive sciences, including the nature of explanation, the role of models in explanation, and debates about reductionism versus pluralism in the face of diverse research paradigms.
Instructor Course Description: Carole J Lee

PHIL 565 Seminar in the Philosophy of History (5, max. 20)

PHIL 566 Seminar in Philosophy of the Social Sciences (5, max. 20) Lee

Instructor Course Description: Margaret Alison Wylie Carole J Lee

PHIL 570 Seminar in Logic (5, max. 20)
Prerequisite: PHIL 470.
Instructor Course Description: Bob Alan Dumas

PHIL 574 Meta-archaeology: Philosophy and Archaeology (4) Wylie
Examines philosophical issues raised in and by archaeology, including theories of explanation and model building, analyses of evidential reasoning and hermeneutic interpretation, debates about ideals of objectivity and about science and values. Recommended: ARCHY 570. Offered: jointly with ARCHY 574; Sp.
Instructor Course Description: Margaret Alison Wylie

PHIL 584 Reading in Philosophy (1-5, max. 12)
Intensive reading in philosophical literature. Prerequisite: permission of Graduate Program Coordinator.

PHIL 587 Contemporary Analytic Philosophy (5, max. 20) Baker

PHIL 595 Philosophy for Children Practicum (3) Goering, Lone, Shapiro
Explores methods for introducing philosophy to K-12 students, focusing on ways to establish "communities of philosophical inquiry." Students learn how to inspire philosophical discussions with pre-college students, and work in pairs with the instructor to lead philosophy sessions in the seminar and in local schools. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: A.
Instructor Course Description: Jana Mohr Lone

PHIL 600 Independent Study or Research (*-)
Prerequisite: permission of Graduate Programoordinator.

PHIL 800 Doctoral Dissertation (*-)