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COLLEGE OF THE ENVIRONMENT
EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCES

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ESS 100 Dinosaurs (2) NW
Biology, behavior, ecology, evolution, and extinction of dinosaurs, and a history of their exploration. With dinosaurs as focal point, course also introduces the student to how hypotheses in geological and paleobiological science are formulated and tested.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 100 (student access only)

ESS 101 Introduction to Geological Sciences (5) NW
Survey of the physical systems that give the earth its form. Emphasizes the dynamic nature of interior and surface processes and their relevance to mankind and stresses the value of rocks and earth forms in the understanding of past events. A course with laboratory for non-science majors. Not open for credit to students who have taken ESS 105, or ESS 210. Field trips. Offered: AWSp.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 101 (student access only)

ESS 102 Space and Space Travel (5) I&S/NW
Explores the sun, solar storms, observations from space and from Earth; Earth's space environment, radiation belts and hazards, plasma storms and auroras, rockets and propulsion, human exploration efforts, societal impact, planetary systems and resources, and project highlighting space and its exploration. Open to non-majors. Offered: AWSp.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 102 (student access only)

ESS 103 Minerals and Gems (3) NW
Introduction to the nature of minerals: composition, structure, physical properties, and origins, with emphasis on gem minerals. Focuses on topics of particular interest in gemology, such as mechanisms of color, history and lore of gems, and uses of gems. Hands-on laboratories using about one hundred representative gems and minerals.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 103 (student access only)

ESS 104 Prehistoric Life (3) NW
Fossils and how they are preserved. What fossils tell us about past life and environments. How the history of life unfolded and what caused the great events in biological evolution. Open to non-science majors, but also lays a foundation for higher-level geobiology courses.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 104 (student access only)

ESS 105 The Earth: Its Processes and Hazards (5) NW
Introduction to physical and environmental geology. Focuses on both large-scale tectonics forces that create Earth's continents and oceans, and surficial forces that shape Earth's landscapes. Emphasizes processes that endanger human populations (such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and floods). Not open for credit to students who have taken ESS 101.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 105 (student access only)

ESS 106 Living with Volcanoes (3) I&S/NW
Explores volcanoes and volcanic eruptions on Earth and in the solar system. Examines how volcanoes work and how they affect the environment, life, and human societies. Illustrates principles using local examples of recent volcanism and ancient examples of mega-eruptions. Evaluates the possibility of predicting future eruptions.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 106 (student access only)

ESS 115 Astrobiology: Life in the Universe (5) NW R. BUICK, D. CATLING, V. MEADOWS, W. SULLIVAN
Introduction to the new science of astrobiology, study of the origin and evolution of life on Earth, and the search for microbial and intelligent life elsewhere in the Universe. Designed for non-science, liberal arts majors. Offered: jointly with ASTBIO 115/ASTR 115/BIOL 114/OCEAN 115.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 115 (student access only)

ESS 119 Introduction to Laboratories (1, max. 3)
Reviews research being performed in visited and independent research opportunities and possibilities. Includes weekly visits to labs in ESS and related fields. Credit/no-credit only.
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ESS 201 The Earth System and Climate (5) NW
Earth's dynamic environment, global energy balance, interplay of chemical, physical, and biological processes shaping the Earth's surface and climate. Emphasis on quantitative methods for measuring, evaluating, and understanding contemporary changes relative to the last several thousand years. Prerequisite: either MATH 124, MATH 144, or Q SCI 291.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 201 (student access only)

ESS 202 Earthquakes (5) I&S/NW
Earthquakes of the Pacific Northwest and around the world - their cause and relationship to plate tectonics; why, where, and when they occur. How earthquakes affect human life: shaping landscape, hazards. Laboratory explores physical processes associated with earthquakes. One field trip. Open to non-science majors.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 202 (student access only)

ESS 203 Glaciers and Global Change (5) I&S/NW
Explores how glaciers record climate change and human activities through bubbles of ancient air and trace impurities in the ice. Also reviews glaciers impact on societies through sea-level, coastlines, water supplies, and transportation routes. Open to non-science majors.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 203 (student access only)

ESS 205 Access to Space (5) NW
Group development of student experiments to the outer rim of our atmosphere and the beginning of space; investigation of stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, magnetosphere, development of exploration packages; basic electronic fabrication, global positioning, radio tracking, expectations at high altitudes. Open to all disciplines. No previous experience of electronics required.
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ESS 209 Interdisciplinary Earth Sciences Field Seminar (3-12, max. 12) NW
Miscellaneous field-based and experiential learning activities in earth and space sciences.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 209 (student access only)

ESS 210 Physical Geology (5) NW
Introduction to the physical and chemical processes of the earth's surface and interior. Plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanism, glaciation. Optional field trips to Cascades and Olympics. Background in geology not required but science background desirable. Not open for credit to students who have taken ESS 101.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 210 (student access only)

ESS 211 Physical Processes of the Earth (5) NW
Overview of Earth. Deformation of soil, sediment, and rock. Erosional and depositional processes and landforms. Seismicity and plate-tectonics. Structural, geomorphic, and climatic interactions in major tectonic regimes. Use of stereonets, air photos, geologic maps, and cross sections. Two one-day field excursions. Prerequisite: a minimum grade of 1. 7 in either MATH 124 or Q SCI 291, either of which may be taken concurrently; a minimum grade of 1.7 in either both PHYS 114 and PHYS 117 or PHYS 121. Offered: A.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 211 (student access only)

ESS 212 Earth Materials and Processes (5) NW
Crystallography, crystal chemistry, and characteristics of rock-forming and ore minerals. Description, phase equilibria, origin, and associations of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Laboratory study of hand specimens. Two one-day field excursions. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 1.7 in CHEM 142. Offered: W.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 212 (student access only)

ESS 213 Evolution of the Earth (5) NW
Introduction to paleontology, types of stratigraphy, and radiometric dating. The physical, chemical, biological, and plate tectonic evolution of the earth's crust, seawater, and atmosphere. Comparison with other planets. Climate changes and man as a geologic agent. Two one-day field excursions. Prerequisite: minimum grade of 1.7 in ESS 211. Offered: Sp.
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ESS 230 Rivers and Beaches (3/5) NW
Introduction to Earth surface environments, the processes that shape them, how humans affect them and are affected by them. Weekend field trips examine mountains, rivers, deltas/estuaries, beaches, and environments beyond. Focus on linkages between these environments to illustrate coupling between landscapes and seascapes. Offered: jointly with OCEAN 230.
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ESS 301 Geology of the Northwest (5) NW
Geologic history of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Emphasis on use of geologic principles in interpreting evidence found in landscapes and rocks. Weekend field trips optional. Prerequisite: either ESS 101, ESS 105, ESS 210, ESS 211.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 301 (student access only)

ESS 302 Great Ice Age (5) NW
Growth of mile-thick ice sheets, worldwide lowering of sea level, and other geological and paleoclimatological changes that accompany the harsh environments of a global glaciation. Geology of the last three million years, focusing on the causes and effects of global glaciation and future climate change. Prerequisite: either ESS 101, ESS 105, ESS 210, ESS 211.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 302 (student access only)

ESS 304 Volcanoes and Glaciers of the Pacific Northwest (5) NW
Introduction to volcanic and glacial processes, emphasizing examples in the Pacific Northwest. Volcanic products, landforms, hazards, prediction, and history. Relationship to tectonics. Nature and distribution of present and former glaciers in Washington. Two all-day Saturday field trips to Cascade volcanoes required.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 304 (student access only)

ESS 305 Geology of the National Parks (5) NW
Reviews a wide range of fundamental geological processes, using North American parks and monuments as examples of natural laboratories. Includes plate-tectonic history, volcanism, mountain-building, and glacial, fluvial, and a host of other geomorphic forces as preserved in geologic exposures of National Parks. Prerequisite: either ESS 101, ESS 105, ESS 210, or ESS 211.
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ESS 306 Planetary Geology (5) NW
Up-to-date survey of geological features and processes on and within planets and their moons deduced from sampling, remote sensing, spacecraft imagery, and theory. Comparative discussion of volcanism, tectonics, surface processes, and thermal evolution. Examination of moon rocks and meteorites. Prerequisite: either ESS 101, ESS 105, ESS 210, ESS 211.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 306 (student access only)

ESS 310 Mathematical Methods in the Earth Sciences (5) NW Roe
Presents mathematical methods for Earth Sciences applications. Focuses on setting up equations and on the quality of written solutions. Prerequisite: MATH 125; either PHYS 114/PHYS 117 or PHYS 121.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 310 (student access only)

ESS 311 Geomechanics (5) NW
Introduction to continuum mechanics: elasticity, fluid dynamics, diffusion, porous flow, multiphase flow, dimensional analysis, and natural convection. Example applications: earthquakes and rock mechanics, flow of glaciers, slope stability, debris flows, groundwater flow, contaminant transport, flow in rivers and channels, mantle and magma convection. Prerequisite: either MATH 125 or Q SCI 292; either PHYS 114 and PHYS 117 or PHYS 121; recommended: ESS 310. Offered: W.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 311 (student access only)

ESS 312 Geochemistry (5) NW
Geochemical concepts essential to earth science studies. Crystal chemistry and elemental affinities, thermodynamics of geologic processes, trace element and isotopic fractionation, weathering, cosmochemistry, and exploration of basic global geochemical cycles. Laboratory exercises explore the dynamics of geochemical processes. Prerequisite: CHEM 142; either MATH 125 or Q SCI 292; ESS 212. Offered: Sp.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 312 (student access only)

ESS 313 Geobiology (5) NW
Introduction to the early record of life on earth. Environmental factors leading to life's diversification. The role of life in biomineralization. The history of biodiversity. The role of life in landform and soil formation. Laboratory exercises demonstrate specimens and techniques. Prerequisite: CHEM 142; either PHYS 114 and PHYS 117 or PHYS 121. Offered: A.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 313 (student access only)

ESS 314 Geophysics: Expedition to Planet Earth (5) NW
Survey of fundamental geophysics using an investigative approach. Examines how a future expedition of extraterrestrial humanoids could use geophysical data, physical principles, and mathematical techniques to decide whether they should colonize Earth and understand why the indigenous civilization became extinct. Prerequisite: either MATH 126 or ESS 310; either PHYS 115 and PHYS 118 or PHYS 122. Offered: A.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 314 (student access only)

ESS 315 Environmental Earth Science (5) NW
Analysis of geologic constraints upon human activity and the environmental consequences of such activity. Topics include hillslope processes, fluvial and groundwater processes, earthquake and volcanic hazards, and environmental aspects of deforestation and atmospheric pollution. Prerequisite: either ESS 101, ESS 105, ESS 210, ESS 211. Offered: jointly with ENVIR 313.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 315 (student access only)

ESS 326 Geomorphology (5) NW
Introduction to landforms and surficial deposits. Emphasis on landscape-forming processes. Intended for students who wish to take additional courses in geomorphology. Prerequisite: either PHYS 114 or PHYS 121; recommended: ESS 310 . Offered: W.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 326 (student access only)

ESS 345 The Environment of Fuel and Mineral Deposits (3) I&S/NW
Fuels and nonmetallic ores as the substrate of industrial civilization. Provides non-majors with sufficient information about these resources to allow for informed decisions of related geological, environmental, and societal issues. Prerequisite: either ESS 210 or ESS 211.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 345 (student access only)

ESS 400 Field Geology (12) NW
Six weeks of geologic mapping in a variety of rock types in the Western United States. Enhances students' knowledge of geologic phenomena and processes. Development of skills in mapping, field interpretation, and report writing. Students responsible for own living expenses while in the field. Prerequisite: ESS 211; ESS 212 ; ESS 213; one course selected from ESS 311, ESS 312, ESS 313, or ESS 314. Offered: S.
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ESS 401 Regional Geology of the Pacific Northwest (3) NW
Explores the geological diversity of the Pacific Northwest temporally (Archean to Pleistocene), tectonically (craton, terranes, and cover sequences), and lithologically (ophiolites to coal). Three weekend field trips required.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 401 (student access only)

ESS 402 International Field Geology (3-12, max. 12) NW
Supervised.geological field work in classic, instructive international sites. Venue varies from year to year. Work may include geologic mapping, construction of cross sections, measurement and analysis of stratigraphic sections, field excursion, and supervised individual research projects.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 402 (student access only)

ESS 403 Global Tectonics (5) NW
Introduction to large-scale plate tectonics processes and observations including motions on a sphere, polar-wander paths, plate-boundary seismicity, focal mechanisms, gravity, magnetics, and heat flow. Also includes observations and theories of plate deformation and continental dynamics with emphasis on Western North America. Prerequisite: PHYS 121.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 403 (student access only)

ESS 406 Earth Sciences for Middle and High School Science Teachers: Solid Earth (3) NW
Topics of contemporary interest selected to meet state academic standards. Topics include Pacific Northwest earthquakes and volcanoes, global and regional plate tectonics, history of the Earth, the Earth's interior, planetary geology, and surface processes on the Earth. Does not count toward the ESS degree. Prerequisite: ESS 101.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 406 (student access only)

ESS 408 Great Geological Issues (3) NW
History and development of geological and paleontological theories and controversies; philosophy and methodology that have driven scientific inquiry in the earth sciences. Recommended: HIST 311; HIST 312. Offered: A.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 408 (student access only)

ESS 410 Marine Geology and Geophysics (4) NW
Explores the geological and geophysical processes that form and shape the ocean basins and continental margins. Prerequisite: either ESS 210, ESS 211, or ESS 212. Offered: jointly with OCEAN 410; A.
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ESS 411 Geophysical Continuum Mechanics (5) NW
Analysis of stress and strain. Measurement and interpretation of strain in geological materials. Elasticity applied to determine stress in the Earth's lithosphere. Creep of solids and flow of geological materials. Prerequisite: either MATH 136 or both MATH 307 and MATH 308.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 411 (student access only)

ESS 412 Introduction to Seismology (3) NW
Examines stress and strain, the wave equation, travel times, amplitude and phase, reflection seismology, surface waves, and source theory, including moment tensors, radiation patterns, far-field wave shapes, source spectra, stress drop, and magnitude. Prerequisite: either ESS 411 or PHYS 123 and either MATH 307 or MATH 308; recommended: MATH 324.
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ESS 413 Geophysics: The Earth (3) NW
The Earth and its interior; gravity, magnetism, heat flow, seismology. Earth's outer structure, studied through the unifying concepts of plate tectonic theory. Quantitative approaches to problems, using techniques of classical physics. Prerequisite: either ESS 412 or PHYS 322.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 413 (student access only)

ESS 414 Geophysics: Fluids (3) NW
Introduction to geophysical fluid dynamics. An overview of fluids in geophysics with emphasis on the oceans. A nonrigorous development of the equations of motion with examples drawn from oceanography and solid earth geophysics. Prerequisite: either MATH 136 or both MATH 307 and MATH 308; PHYS 322.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 414 (student access only)

ESS 415 Space and Plasmas (3) NW
Survey of various phenomena occurring in outer regions of Earth's atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere, and Van Allen radiation belts. Laboratory applications include plasma thrusters and fusion. Concepts include charged particles in magnetic fields, drift motion, plasma, magnetohydrodynamic waves. Prerequisite: PHYS 321.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 415 (student access only)

ESS 416 Geophysics: The Atmosphere (3) NW
Phenomena of the lower atmosphere: some simple applications of the principles of classical thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and radiative transfer to the atmospheric hydrological cycle, global energy balance, and atmospheric dynamics and climate. Prerequisite: ESS 414.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 416 (student access only)

ESS 418 Geoscience Communication (4)
Covers principles of organizing, developing, and writing geoscience information including abstracts, presentations, scientific articles, correspondences, and proposals. Reviews writing conventions, use of illustrations, style, and tone. Prerequisite. 5 credits of composition; two of ESS 201, ESS 211; ESS 212, and ESS 213, any of which may be taken concurrently. Offered: WSp.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 418 (student access only)

ESS 420 Introduction to Geological Geographic Information Systems (5) Walters
Examines principles of GISA applied to the geological sciences. Covers basics of GIScience, data types, and GIS analyses. Includes hands-on analysis applied to geologic patterns and phenomena: sources geological data; geological mapping; measures of topography; hydrologic flow patterns; and topics of the students' own interests. Prerequisite: ESS 211; recommended: ESS 326. Offered: ASp.
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ESS 421 Introduction to Geological Remote Sensing (4) NW
Principles of image interpretation for geologists. Study of land forms, structure, lithology, surface processes using aircraft and satellite data. Use of digital multispectral images and radar images for geological mapping.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 421 (student access only)

ESS 422 Intermediate Spectral Remote Sensing (4) NW
Explores spectral image processing with ENVI software, used in individualized projects involving satellite or aircraft images. Emphasis on integration of remote sensing and field measurement using process models and Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Prerequisite: ESS 421; recommended: introductory courses in physics, chemistry, calculus, geology, and field geology.
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ESS 424 Water in the Environment (3) NW
Discusses the unique physical and chemical properties of the water molecule in relation to the atmospheric greenhouse effect, precipitation formation, oceanic circulations, infiltration of water through soils, geyser eruptions, and glacier and sea ice thickness. Prerequisite: either ESS 310, MATH 126, or MATH 136; PHYS 123. Offered: jointly with ATM S 460/PHYS 460.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 424 (student access only)

ESS 426 Fluvial Geomorphology (5)
Hydraulic and morphological characteristics of streams and valley floors. Landscape evolution by stream erosion and deposition. Field exercises emphasize quantitative analysis of fluvial processes, channel forms, acquisition of various skills, such as mapping, topographic surveying, report writing. Prerequisite: either ESS 311 or ESS 326; recommended: ESS 310.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 426 (student access only)

ESS 427 Hillslope Geomorphology (5) NW
Theoretical, laboratory, and field study of hillslope evolution by mass wasting and water erosion. Prerequisite: either ESS 311 or ESS 326; recommended: ESS 310.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 427 (student access only)

ESS 431 Principles of Glaciology (4) NW
Covers snow deposition and metamorphism, avalanches, heat and mass balance at snow and ice surfaces, glacier flow, ice sheets, sea ice, permafrost, methods of paleoclimate reconstruction, Ice Age theories. Prerequisite: PHYS 121; recommended: ESS 310.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 431 (student access only)

ESS 432 Glacial Geology (5) NW
Interpretation of glacial environments and history through study of sediments and landforms. The laboratory component is largely field based and visits some spectacular glaciated landscapes. Provides students an experiential learning approach to the field as well as an opportunity to conduct independent research.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 432 (student access only)

ESS 433 Environmental Change in the Glacial Ages (5) NW
Physical, biological evidence of climatic change during Quaternary Period; emphasizing stratigraphy, chronology. Impact of alternating glacial/interglacial cycles on earth's terrestrial, marine environments. Theories on causes of climatic variation.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 433 (student access only)

ESS 435 Glacial-Periglacial Geomorphology NW (3) NW Hallet
Introduces glacial processes that shape mountainous and polar regions, creating a wealth of characteristic landforms; and periglacial processes that profoundly impact nearly twenty percent of the land surface of the plant and Mars through frost action and thermal fluctuations. Prerequisite: MATH 125; either PHYS 114 or PHYS 121; ESS 211; ESS 326; recommended: ESS 431.
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ESS 437 Mineralogy (5) NW
Symmetry of crystals and crystal structures. Rules of crystal chemistry. Microscopic, diffraction, and spectroscopic techniques of mineral characterization. Transformation processes in minerals: order-disorder, phase transition, and exsolution. Crystal chemistry and phase relations. Reactions on mineral surfaces. Physical properties, deformation, and creep. Prerequisite: CHEM 142; ESS 212; ESS 312.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 437 (student access only)

ESS 439 Petrology of Igneous Rocks (5) NW
Systematic study of the major families of volcanic and plutonic igneous rocks with emphasis on tectonic setting, phase relations, geochemistry, and models of their origin and evolution throughout geologic time. Laboratory emphasizes thin-section study of rocks using transmitted and reflected light. Prerequisite: ESS 312.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 439 (student access only)

ESS 440 Petrography and Petrology of Metamorphic Rocks (5) NW
Mineralogy, textures, and origins of metamorphic rocks; metamorphic facies and metamorphic phase equilibria; controls of metamorphism. Prerequisite: ESS 312.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 440 (student access only)

ESS 441 Petrology and Petrography of Sedimentary Rocks (5) NW
Mineralogy, textures, and origin of sedimentary rocks, using petrographic microscope. Prerequisite: ESS 312.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 441 (student access only)

ESS 445 Geology of Ore Deposits (5) NW
The geologic principles, environmental aspects, and exploration strategies of selected types of metallic and nonmetallic ore deposits and coal. Prerequisite: ESS 312.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 445 (student access only)

ESS 447 Engineering Geology: Methods and Application (4)
Applies the application of geologic principles to geotechnical and environmental problems; includes investigation and characterization of soil and rock properties. Includes two weekend field trips. Prerequisite: ESS 210 or ESS 211; either ESS 311, ESS 411, ESS 463, or CEE 220.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 447 (student access only)

ESS 450 Paleobiology (3) NW
Biological evolution over the past 500 million years, considering how the reciprocal interactions between environment and evolution have influenced the major episodes in life's history and providing a background for assessing the evolutionary impact of modern environmental change.
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ESS 451 Invertebrate Paleontology (5) NW
Important larger invertebrate groups; morphology, classification, stratigraphic distribution, evolution, paleoecology. Offered: jointly with BIOL 451.
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ESS 452 Vertebrate Paleontology (5) NW C. SIDOR
Examines fossil vertebrate life, focusing on systematics and morphology of major lineages (fish, reptiles, bird, and early mammal relatives). Examines fossil and modern vertebrates from the Burke Museum collection in the lab. Weekend field trip. Prerequisite: either BIOL 354, BIOL 452, BIOL 453 or ESS 100. Offered: jointly with BIOL 450.
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ESS 453 Fossil Mammals (5) NW
Evolutionary relationships of fossil mammals, from mammal-like reptiles of late Paleozoic to diverse Cenozoic groups. Morphology, adaptations, extinctions, evolutionary patterns. Structures and relationships of most major groups. Field trip. Prerequisite: either ESS 100 or ESS 452.
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ESS 454 Hydrogeology (3) NW
Covers the analysis of groundwater flow systems, geologic controls, and hydrologic properties; basics of chemistry and solute transport in groundwater; and the use of numerical models. Considers local examples and groundwater resource management. Prerequisite: ESS 311; recommended: ESS 310.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 454 (student access only)

ESS 455 Stratigraphy (4) NW
Systematic study of stratified rocks and space-time implications. Principles of stratigraphy, including biostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, subsurface analysis. Basin analysis, evolution of sedimentary basins and continental margins. Prerequisite: ESS 213.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 455 (student access only)

ESS 456 Depositional Environments (4) NW
Principles of sedimentary facies analysis, including survey of modern processes that produce sedimentary sequences. Recognition of various depositional environments represented in the geologic record, including terrestrial, marine terrigenous, and carbonate environments. Two field trips required. Prerequisite: ESS 213.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 456 (student access only)

ESS 457 Environmental Geochemistry (4) NW
Examines the geochemistry of natural waters, emphasizing applications in geological and soil sciences. Topics include soil/ground water composition; weathering and the carbon cycle; equilibrium computer modeling; colloids and clay minerals; organic geochemistry of water and soil; and groundwater quality. Experience with geochemical instrumentation. Prerequisite: ESS 312, CHEM 152, or CHEM 155.
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ESS 459 Environmental Isotope Geology (3) NW
The geochemistry of stable isotopes. Topics include the theory of isotope fractionation, application of isotopes in earth surface processes, climate, and biogeochemical cycles. Includes extensive laboratory experience. Prerequisite: ESS 312.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 459 (student access only)

ESS 460 Cosmogenic Nuclides in Geomorphology (3) NW
Use of cosmic-ray-produced nuclides to date rock surfaces and analyze geomorphic processes. Nuclide production by cosmic radiation above and below ground; tracer methods; exposure dating; coupling of cosmogenic nuclide data to geomorphic models. Open to undergraduate students only. Prerequisite: either ESS 311 or ESS 312.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 460 (student access only)

ESS 461 Geological Time (3) NW
Principles of radiometric dating. Methods applicable to Earth history from planetary formation to the recent past. Radiocarbon dating; geological dating with long-lived isotopes; uranium series, trapped charge and cosmogenic isotope techniques. Applications in archaeology, climate change, geomorphology, tectonics, and Earth evolution.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 461 (student access only)

ESS 462 Volcanic Processes (4) NW
Pre-eruption, eruption, and post-eruption processes. Examines triggers of magma ascent, controls on volatile build-up and loss, magma fragmentation, magma-groundwater interaction, eruption column dynamics, gravity-controlled eruptive phenomena, syn- and post-eruption lahars and other re-working of deposits. Prerequisite: either ESS 212, ESS 311, or ESS 312.
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ESS 463 Structure and Tectonics (5) NW
Geometry, kinematics, and tectonic setting of major types of structures, including those in contractional fold-and-thrust belts; extended crust; strike-slip-dominated regimes; and shear zones. Laboratory exercises develop basic tools of structural geology. Prerequisite: ESS 213.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 463 (student access only)

ESS 465 Seismology and Earthquake Engineering (3) NW
Presents an overview of earthquake processes and details of the characteristics of destructive ground motion; illustrates the effects of such motion on engineering structures; reviews current practice in estimating earthquake hazards for important structures such as nuclear power plants. Prerequisite: either ESS 310, MATH 126, MATH 134, or both MATH 307 and MATH 308. Offered: jointly with CEE 431.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 465 (student access only)

ESS 467 Seismic Exploration (5) NW
Introduction to theory and practice of seismic exploration. Application of refraction and reflection techniques to problems in engineering geology and mineral exploration. Constraints in the interpretation of subsurface structure. Prerequisite: either ESS 311 or OCEAN 410; either MATH 126 or MATH 136; PHYS 123. Offered: jointly with OCEAN 412.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 467 (student access only)

ESS 471 Introduction to Space Physics (3) NW
Introduces several areas of space physics, the physical principles that apply therein, and the methods by which significant observations are made. Covers electromagnetic and plasma processes from the center of the sun to the surface of the earth. Prerequisite: PHYS 123.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 471 (student access only)

ESS 472 Rockets and Instrumentation (2-4, max. 12)
Students launch science payloads to high altitude using high power amateur rockets, providing design, fabrication, test, integration, and management experience; covers science motivation, engineering aspects, and delivery systems. Project may vary each year. Recommended: a strong background in physics, earth sciences, computing, or engineering. Offered: AW.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 472 (student access only)

ESS 475 Current Research in Climate Science Seminar (3, max. 6)
Weekly lectures focusing on a particular aspect of climate from invited speakers, complemented by class discussion, readings, and final paper. Promotes interdisciplinary understanding of climate concepts. Prerequisite: either ESS 201, ATM S 211, or ATM S 321. Offered: jointly with ATM S 475/OCEAN 475; A.
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ESS 480 Advanced Methods in Isotope Geochemistry (3, max. 18) NW Huntington, Steig
Studies new developments in isotope geochemistry. Topics vary by quarter and may include clumped isotopes, triple-oxygen isotopes, rate isotopes, mass-independent fractionation, and their incorporation into Earth system models. Introduces theory, measurement, and applications to processes in Earth, ocean, atmospheric, planetary, and climate science. Prerequisite: either ESS 312, ESS 424, ESS 457, ESS 459.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 480 (student access only)

ESS 489 Honors Seminar (3)
Covers current scientific topics in earth and space sciences; philosophy and methodology of science strategies for developing research projects; scientific education and career planning. May require colloquium or local conference attendance. Offered: A.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 489 (student access only)

ESS 490 Special Topics (1-10, max. 20) NW
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 490 (student access only)

ESS 492 Undergraduate Teaching Experience and Outreach (1-3, max. 12) NW
Designed to help undergraduate majors acquire effective teaching skills at the college and public school level. Teaching experience gained through assisting graduate student teaching assistant or K-12 public school outreach. Involves classroom teaching experience and improving communications and presentation skills.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 492 (student access only)

ESS 495 NASA Science and Engineering Research Seminar (1, max. 4) NW
Review of current space science-related research. Emphasis varies, but topics may include planetary geology, astronomy, global change, aeronautical engineering, and remote sensing. Credit/no-credit only.
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ESS 498 Undergraduate Thesis (5) NW
The thesis must be submitted at least one month before graduation.
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ESS 499 Undergraduate Research (*, max. 15)
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ESS 501 Geochemical Systems (3) Nelson
Geochemical systems through time, from solar system origin to present. Explores fundamental geochemical concepts using current research issues and discussion. Concepts include radiogenic and stable isotope systematic, thermodynamics, high and low temperature chemistry of rocks and water, geochemical cycles through Earth's history. Prerequisite: graduate student standing or permission of instructor.
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ESS 502 The Solid Earth (3)
Concepts of internal earth processes: Earth as heat engine and chemical processor, style of mantle convection, origin and evolution of the Earth's magnetic field, Cascadia subduction and hazards. Introduces seismology, fluid dynamics, heat flow, gravity, and geomagnetism. Focuses on the analysis, critique, and communication of ideas from scientific literature.
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ESS 503 Introduction to Solar Terrestrial Physics (3)
Introduces several areas of space physics, the physical principles that apply therein, and the methods by which significant observations are made. Covers electromagnetic and plasma processes from the center of the sun to the surface of the Earth. Prerequisite: PHYS 123.
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ESS 504 The Earth Surface (3)
Investigates the coupled tectonic and geomorphic processes that shape the surface of the Earth, creates the surface environment that sustains humanity and other life systems, and produces natural hazards. Introduces modern tolls, techniques, and theories applicable to analysis of this coupled dynamic system.
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ESS 505 The Cryosphere (4) Waddington, Warren
Covers snow deposition and metamorphism, avalanches, heat and mass balance at snow and ice surfaces, glacier flow, ice sheets, sea ice, permafrost, methods of paleoclimate reconstruction, and Ice Age theories. Prerequisite: PHYS 121. Offered: A.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 505 (student access only)

ESS 508 Great Geological Issues (3)
History and development of geological and paleontological theories and controversies; philosophy and methodology that have driven scientific inquiry in the earth sciences. Requires a term paper analyzing primary material. Prerequisite: graduate standing in earth sciences, or in history of science, or permission of instructor.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 508 (student access only)

ESS 509 Field Methods in Applied Geology I (3) Crider
Introduction to problems and techniques of applied geology. Studies the interactions among land use, infrastructure, and the dynamic landscape of the Pacific Northwest. Includes nine-day intensive, mid-September field course held near Mount Rainier. Prerequisite: strong background in field methods and geology. Offered: A.
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ESS 510 Field Methods in Applied Geology II (3) Troost
Application of applied geology core curriculum to field problems. Includes nine-day intensive, mid-June field course held on the Olympic Peninsula and coastal Puget Sound. Prerequisite: ESS 509; three of ESS 420, ESS 454, ESS 526, ESS 527, or ESS 547. Offered: S.
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ESS 511 Geophysical Continuum Mechanics (5)
Analysis of stress and strain. Measurement and interpretation of strain in geological materials. Elasticity applied to determine stress in the Earth's lithosphere. Creep of solids and flow of geological materials. Includes advanced, research-oriented problems. Prerequisite: MATH 307 and MATH 308 or equivalent.
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ESS 512 Seismology (3)
Examines stress and strain, the wave equation, travel times, amplitude and phase, reflection seismology, surface waves, and source theory, including moment tensors, radiation patterns, far-field wave shapes, source spectra, stress drop, and magnitude. Prerequisite: either ESS 511 or PHYS 123 and one of MATH 307 or MATH 308; recommended: MATH 324.
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ESS 513 Geophysics: The Earth (3)
Study of gravity, magnetism, heat flow, seismology. Earth's outer structure studied through unifying concepts of plate tectonic theory. Quantitative approaches to problems, using techniques of classical physics. Includes advanced, research-oriented problems. Prerequisite: ESS 512; PHYS 322.
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ESS 514 Geophysics: Fluids (3)
Geophysical fluid dynamics. Fluids in geophysics with emphasis on the oceans. Development of the equations of motion with examples drawn from oceanography and solid earth geophysics. Includes advanced, research-oriented problems. Prerequisite: PHYS 322, MATH 307, and MATH 308 or equivalent.
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ESS 515 Geophysics: Space (3)
Various phenomena occurring in outer regions of Earth's atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere, and Van Allen radiation belts. Laboratory applications include plasma thrusters and fusion. Concepts include charged particles in magnetic fields, drift motion, plasma, magnetohydrodynamic waves. Includes advanced, research-oriented problems. Prerequisite: PHYS 321 or equivalent.
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ESS 516 Geophysics: The Atmosphere (3)
Phenomena of the lower atmosphere: some simple applications of the principles of classical thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and radiative transfer to the atmospheric hydrological cycle, global energy balance, and atmospheric dynamics and climate. Includes advanced, research-oriented problems. Prerequisite: ESS 514.
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ESS 517 Early Earth Evolution (3)
Geological, biological, and environmental evolution of the Earth over the first 4 billion years of its history, as an analogue for the development of other habitable planets.
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ESS 518 Technical Communication in Applied Geosciences (1, max. 3)
Reading, writing, and presentation of technical information in the geosciences. Topics vary by quarter Offered: AWSp.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 518 (student access only)

ESS 519 Scientific Writing and Graphics (2) Waddington, Warren
Covers principles of scientific writing; methods of ensuring clarity in writing for scientific journals and research proposals; principles of graph construction; and authorship, peer review, and citations. For graduate students in Earth-science related fields. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: jointly with ATM S 519/OCEAN 518; Sp, odd years.
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ESS 520 Applications in Geological Geographic Information Systems (4) Walters
Covers applied uses of GIS in the applied earth sciences. Includes hands-on instruction in and discussion of analysis of geologic patterns and phenomena: terrain analysis and interpretation; riverbed modeling; floodplain analysis; rainfall patterns and effects; landslide forecasting; isostatic phenomena; and topics of the students' own interest. Also covers basic instruction in geospatial statistics. Prerequisite: ESS 420 or permission of instructor. Offered: W.
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ESS 522 Geophysical Data Collection and Analysis (3)
Theory and practical application of data collection and analysis applied to geophysical problems. Digital processing of signals; filtering and spectral analysis. Laboratory sessions include problem solving on computer-based processing system.
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ESS 523 Geophysical Inverse Theory (3)
Introduction to the mathematical techniques for estimating properties of physical systems, such as the earth or atmosphere, from data that is insufficient for a precise specification of the system. Emphasis is on the concept of the resolving power of data sets. The ideas developed are quite general and have a wide range of applicability in the field of data interpretation. Prerequisite: ESS 522, or permission of instructor.
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ESS 524 Numerical Heat and Mass Flow Modeling in the Earth Sciences (3) Waddington
Numerical solution of steady and transient advective-diffusion equations describing heat and mass transport processes in earth sciences, emphasizing finite-volume methods and their relationship to finite-difference and finite-element methods. Topics include discretization methods; coordinate systems; boundary conditions; accuracy; and stability. Prerequisite: MATH 307; MATH 308 or equivalent; or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp, even years.
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ESS 526 Fluvial Geomorphology (5) Collins
Hydraulic and morphological characteristics of streams and valley floors. Landscape evolution by stream erosion and deposition. Field exercises and independent project emphasize quantitative analysis of fluvial processes, channel forms, acquisition of various skills, such as mapping, topographic surveying, and report writing.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 526 (student access only)

ESS 527 Hillslope Geomorphology (5) Duvall
Theoretical and applied study of hillslope processes including erosion and deposition; mass wasting; and slope forms and evolution.
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ESS 528 Interpretation of Sedimentary Structures (2-4, max. 4)
Physical and environmental analysis of sedimentary structures, including biogenic sedimentary structures. Clastic sediments and rocks. Field trips required.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 528 (student access only)

ESS 529 Principles of Fluid Dynamics, Heat, and Mass Transfer in Earth Sciences (3)
Introduction to the quantitative treatment of transport phenomena with applications to mantle and magma convection, volcanic eruptions, landslides, porous flow, and reaction. Emphasis on the governing equations of fluid dynamics including porous and multiple flow, chaotic convection, mixing, heat transfer, rheology, analytical, numerical, and scaling solutions.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 529 (student access only)

ESS 531 Physics of Ice (3)
Structure of the water molecule. Crystallographic structures of ice. Electrical, optical, thermal, and mechanical properties of ice. Growth of ice from vapor and liquid phases. Offered: jointly with ATM S 510.
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ESS 532 Snow and Ice on the Earth's Surface (3)
Snow and ice climatology. Formation of the ice crystals in clouds. Snow metamorphism. Transfer of radiative, sensible, and latent heat at snow and ice surfaces. Remote sensing of snow and ice. Growth and melt of sea ice. Climatic records from ice. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with ATM S 511.
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ESS 533 Dynamics of Snow and Ice Masses (3)
Rheology of snow and ice. Sliding and processes at glacier beds. Thermal regime and motion of seasonal snow, glaciers, and ice sheets. Avalanches and glacier surges. Deformation and drift of sea ice. Response of natural ice masses to change in climate. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with ATM S 512.
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ESS 535 Ice and Climate (3)
Examines the role of ice and snow in climate. Polar climate dynamics. Polar-global interactions. Modeling snow cover, sea ice, and ice-sheet balance, and flow in the climate system. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with ATM S 514.
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ESS 537 Advanced Mineralogy (3)
Crystal symmetry: point groups, space groups. Mathematical description of crystal structures; group theory, irreducible representations; tensor description of physical properties: stress, strain, piezoelectricity, elasticity; structural and magnetic phase transitions, Landau theory, deformation and creep crystals; elasto-viscous properties of Earth's mantle, crystal chemistry, solid state reactions. Offered: jointly with MSE 518; A.
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ESS 538 Petrogenesis of Igneous Rocks (3)
Origin of one or more of the major groups of igneous rocks. Selected petrogenetic problems in light of tectonic setting, petrography, geochemistry, and experimental studies. Prerequisite: ESS 439 or equivalent.
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ESS 540 Advanced Igneous Petrology (4)
Crystal-liquid-vapor equilibria in magmatic systems. Physical properties of silicate melts. Geothermometry and geobarometry in igneous rocks. Models of fractionation, assimilation, and magma mixing. Trace elements, radiogenic isotopes, and stable isotopes as tracers in magmatic processes. Nucleation, crystal growth, and diffusion in melts. Prerequisite: ESS 312; ESS 439.
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ESS 541 Applied Fluvial Geomorphology (4)
Application of theory in fluvial geomorphology to framing and addressing questions in basic research and problems in applied contexts such as river engineering, land use planning, resource management, and river restoration. Prerequisite: either ESS 426, ESS 526, or permission of instructor.
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ESS 544 Applied Tsunami Hazard Science (4) Gonzalez
Broad introductory overview of tsunami science and physical, social, and economic impacts of tsunami hazards. Designed for scientific, engineering, earth-science professionals, and graduate students interested in tsunami hazard assessment, mitigation, or warning. Prerequisite: MATH 126; PHYS 123; AMATH 301, or equivalents; recommended: AMATH 581; OCEAN 421; familiarity with Unix OS.
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ESS 546 Continental-Margin Sedimentation (3)
Detailed evaluation of recent studies into processes forming strata on continental margins, including the diverse time scales ranging from sediment transport to sequence stratigraphy. Highlights the linkages with physical oceanographic processes, the fates of geochemical components, and the relationship to biological communities. Offered: jointly with OCEAN 546.
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ESS 547 Engineering Geology: Methods and Application (4)
Applies the application of geologic principles to geotechnical and environmental problems; includes investigation and characterization of soil and rock properties. Includes two weekend field trips.
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ESS 550 Electromagnetic and Potential Field Methods (3)
Development of equations of electromagnetic fields in conducting media. Solution of forward and inverse problems with natural and controlled sources: magnetotelloric and related methods. Includes the special case of static fields: DC resistivity, gravity, and magnetic interpretation. Prerequisite: PHYS 323; ESS 522; and either ESS 413 or ESS 513; or permission of instructor.
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ESS 551 Mineral Physics (3)
Applications of condensed matter physics to various geophysical problems. Topics vary, but usually include the thermal properties of relevant geophysical materials, the equation of state for the Earth's mantle and core, defects in solids and their roles in tectonophysics. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 551 (student access only)

ESS 553 Electron Beam Microanalysis (4)
Materials analysis using electron beams, including electron-target interactions, wave and energy dispersive x-ray analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and applications of these and related techniques to geological problems.
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ESS 554 Paleoclimate Proxies (3) Alexander, Sachs
Provides a critical evaluation of the most commonly applied paleoclimate proxies from the ocean, land, and ice sheets. Offered: jointly with ATM S 554/OCEAN 554.
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ESS 555 Physics and Chemistry of the Earth's Interior (3)
Emphasizes current issues in global tectonics and mantle dynamics. Examples include global seismic tomography and its bearing on geodynamics, the fate of subducted lithosphere and geochemical constraints on mantle convection. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.
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ESS 557 Vertebrate Paleontology (5)
Examines the biology of vertebrate animals, emphasizing their diversity, adaptations, and evolutionary history. Introduces aspects of behavior, physiology, morphology, and ecology that emerge from the comparative study of vertebrates. Laboratory includes local field trips and introduction to regional vertebrate fauna. Offered: jointly with BIOL 557.
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ESS 558 Introduction to Graduate Research in Paleobiology (1)
Introduction to paleobiology techniques and resources. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: jointly with BIOL 555; A.
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ESS 559 Climate Modeling (3) Bitz, Thompson
Principles of Earth system modeling. Emphasis on atmosphere, ocean sea ice, and land-surface components. Climate forcing. Appropriate use of models. Topics of current interest including carbon cycle, atmosphere chemistry, and biogeochemistry. Prerequisite: either ATM S 587/OCEAN 587/ESS 587, ATM S 504 or ATM S 505. Offered: jointly with ATM S 559/OCEAN 558.
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ESS 560 Cosmogenic Nuclides in Geomorphology (3)
Use of cosmic-ray-produced nuclides to date rock surfaces and analyze geomorphic processes. Nuclide production by cosmic radiation above and below ground; tracer methods; exposure dating; coupling of cosmogenic nuclide data to geomorphic models. Prerequisite: either AMATH 301, AMATH 351, or permission of instructor.
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ESS 562 Observational Seismology (1, max. 18)
Quarterly research themes introduce students to a variety of digital and analog seismograms and techniques for their interpretation. Students present results of short investigations in an informal seminar setting. Credit/no-credit only.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 562 (student access only)

ESS 563 Theoretical Seismology I (3)
Advanced theoretical seismology. Attenuation and physical dispersion. Waves in anisotropic media. Moment-tensor source representation. Lamb's problem. Waves in stratified media: propagator methods, asymptotic ray theory, WKBJ seismograms. Inverse methods and analysis of seismological data. Prerequisite: either ESS 412, ESS 512, or permission of instructor.
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ESS 564 Theoretical Seismology II (3)
Advanced theoretical seismology. Attenuation and physical dispersion. Waves in anisotropic media. Moment-tensor source representation. Lamb's problem. Waves in stratified media: propagator methods, asymptotic ray theory, WKBJ seismograms. Inverse methods and analysis of seismological data. Prerequisite: ESS 563.
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ESS 568 Oceanic Lithosphere (3)
Basic principles of elasticity, fluid flow, and heat transport with specific applications to the formation and evolution of the oceanic lithosphere. Includes deformation of the earth, flow in porous media, heat transport, and marine seismological and potential field techniques. Prerequisite: OCEAN 540. Offered: jointly with OCEAN 545.
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ESS 573 Cloud Microphysics and Dynamics (3)
Basic concepts of cloud microphysics, water continuity in clouds, cloud dynamics, and cloud models. Prerequisite: ATM S 501 or permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with ATM S 535; Sp.
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ESS 575 Advanced Rockets and Instrumentation (2-4, max. 12)
Students launch science payloads to high altitude using high power amateur rockets, providing design, fabrication, test, integration, and management experience; covers science motivation, engineering aspects, and delivery systems. Project may vary each year. Recommended: a strong background in physics, earth sciences, computing, or engineering. Offered: AW.
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ESS 576 Space and Laboratory Plasma Physics (3)
Discussion of waves, equilibrium and stability, diffusion and resistivity, basic plasma kinetic theory, and wave-particle interactions. Prerequisite: ESS 415, or equivalent, or permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with A A 556; W, odd years.
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 576 (student access only)

ESS 577 Advanced Space Plasma Physics (3)
Formation by the interaction of solar wind with geomagnetic field. Trapped particles. Electromagnetic waves in anisotropic plasma. Dynamic disturbances and plasma instabilities. Prerequisite: ESS 415, or permission of instructor.
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ESS 578 Kinetic Theory and Simulation of Space Plasmas (3)
Wave-particle interactions in space plasmas. Generation of different wave modes, electrostatic and electromagnetic, Langmuir waves to Alfven waves. Beam, Weibel, and masers instabilities, heavy ion interactions. Particle simulations, electrostatic and electromagnetic, for non-linear wave evolution and particle heating.
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ESS 579 Computational Methods and Modeling in Geophysics I (3)
Solution of complex dispersion equations including multiple root finding. Data analysis, fitting, smoothing, fast integration. Ray tracing and particle tracking in 2-D and 3-D. Computer simulation of fluid interactions, unmagnetized and magnetized, compressible and incompressible, and flow around objects.
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ESS 580 Advanced Methods in Isotope Geochemistry (3, max. 18) Huntington, Steig
Studies new developments in isotope geochemistry. Topics vary by quarter and may include clumped isotopes, triple-oxygen isotopes, rate isotopes, mass-independent fractionation, and their incorporation into Earth system models. Introduces theory, measurement, and applications to processes in Earth, ocean, atmospheric, planetary, and climate science. Prerequisite: one of ESS 312, ESS 424, ESS 457, ESS 459, ESS 501, ESS 554, OCEAN 583, or permission of instructor.
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ESS 581 Planetary Atmospheres (3)
Problems of origin, evolution, and structure of planetary atmospheres, emphasizing elements common to all; roles of radiation, chemistry, and dynamical processes; new results on the atmospheres of Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and other solar system objects in the context of comparative planetology. Offered: jointly with ASTR 555/ATM S 555.
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ESS 583 Origin of the Solar System (3)
Nebular and nonnebular theories of the solar system origin; collapse from the interstellar medium, grain growth in the solar nebula, formation of planetesimals and planets, early evolution of the planets and other possible planetary systems; physical and chemical evidence upon which the ideas concerning the origin of the solar system are based. Offered: jointly with ASTR 557.
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ESS 585 Climate Impacts on the Pacific Northwest (4) Mantua, Snover
Knowledge of past/future patterns of climate to improve Pacific Northwest resource management. Topics include the predictability of natural/human-caused climate changes; past societal reactions to climate impacts on water, fish, forest, and coastal resources; how climate and public policies interact to affect ecosystems and society. Offered: jointly with ATM S 585/ENVIR 585/SMEA 585; Sp.
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ESS 586 Current Research in Climate Change (2, max. 20)
Weekly lectures focusing on a particular aspect of climate (topic to change each year) from invited speakers (both UW and outside), plus one or two keynote speakers, followed by class discussion. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: jointly with ATM S 586/OCEAN 586.
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ESS 587 Fundamentals of Climate Change (3)
Examines Earth's climate system; distribution of temperature, precipitation, wind ice, salinity, and ocean currents; fundamental processes determining Earth's climate; energy and constituent transport mechanisms; climate sensitivity; natural climate variability on interannual to decadal time scales; global climate models; predicting future climate. Offered: jointly with ATM S 587/OCEAN 587.
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ESS 588 The Global Carbon Cycle and Climate (3) Emerson
Oceanic and terrestrial biogeochemical processes controlling atmospheric CO2 and other greenhouse gases. Records of past changes in the earth's carbon cycle from geological, oceanographic, and terrestrial archives. Anthropogenic perturbations to cycles. Develop simple box models, discuss results of complex models. Offered: jointly with ATM S 588/OCEAN 588; W.
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ESS 589 Paleoclimatology: Data, Modeling, and Theory (3)
Evidence for past changes in land and sea surface temperature, in precipitation and atmospheric dynamics, and in ocean circulation: both long and interannual timescales. Paleoclimate modeling and theory. Time series analysis and climate noise. Rapid climate change. Statistical reconstruction of interannual variability. Offered: jointly with ATM S 589/OCEAN 589.
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ESS 590 Special Topics (2-10, max. 20)
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ESS 592 Professional Practice in Applied Geosciences (1, max. 3)
Covers major issues and current topics in the practice of Geosciences: professional licensing, ethics, business trends, environmental regulation, emerging technologies. Includes internships and career guidance, as well as weekly guest speakers. Offered: AWSp.
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ESS 593 Climate Science Seminar (1) Mote
Focuses on how to communicate climate science to many different audiences through careful construction of figures and through written and oral communication. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: jointly with ATM S 593/OCEAN 593; W.
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ESS 594 Introduction to Earth and Space Sciences Research (1-2, max. 4)
Introduces research of faculty and advanced graduate students to first-year graduate students and provides experience for the formulation, oral presentation, and defense of research proposals and results.
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ESS 595 Earth and Space Sciences Research Methods (2, max. 30)
Current research methodology and results based on recent literature and on faculty and student research. Designed to develop student perspective on observational and theoretical methods and on relation of specific research to broader developments in geophysics and interdisciplinary aspects of geophysics through faculty-guided presentations and discussion by students. Credit/no-credit only.
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ESS 596 Climate Science Capstone Project (1-5, max. 5) Mote
Climate capstone directed by a mentor, may be a group effort, and may encompass curriculum development, internships, workshop organization, etc., capturing interdisciplinary aspects of climate science and effective communication of climate science. Offered: jointly with ATM S 596/OCEAN 596; AWSpS.
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ESS 599 Seminar (1, max. 24)
Review of current literature in geophysics and graduate student research with faculty participation. Credit/no-credit only.
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ESS 600 Independent Study or Research (*-)
Credit/no-credit only.
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ESS 601 Internship (*) Crider, Troost
Graduate internship and final exam. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.
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ESS 700 Master's Thesis (*-)
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 700 (student access only)

ESS 800 Doctoral Dissertation (*-)
MyPlan Course Details: ESS 800 (student access only)