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COLLEGE OF THE ENVIRONMENT
SCHOOL OF ENVIRONMENTAL & FOREST SCIENCE
ENVIRONMENTAL SCI & RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for

ESRM 100 Introduction to Environmental Science (5) I&S/NW R. HARRISON, D. ZABOWSKI
Covers the importance of the environment in society with particular emphasis on worldwide distribution and uses of resources, the role of natural and man-made environments, and causes of environmental degradation. Introduces ethics of conservation and recycling. Cannot be taken for credit if ESC 110 already taken. Offered: AWSpS.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 100

ESRM 101 Forests and Society (5) I&S/NW K. VOGT
Survey course covering forest ecosystems of the world, history of forestry and forest conservation, how forest ecosystems function, wildlife in forests, environmental issues in forestry, forest management, economics and products, and new approaches to forest management. Open to majors and nonmajors. Cannot be taken for credit if CFR 101 already taken. Offered: ASp.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 101

ESRM 150 Wildlife in the Modern World (5) I&S/NW
Covers major wildlife conservation issues in North America. Some global issues are also treated. Examples of topics include the conservation of large predators, effects of toxic chemicals on wildlife, old-growth wildlife, conservation of marine wildlife, recovery of the bald eagle, and gray wolf. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 150

ESRM 200 Society and Sustainable Environments (5) I&S/NW S. ASAH
Introduces the application of social concepts and theories to understanding and managing urban, urbanizing, and wildland landscapes in a sustainable manner. Of particular interest are factors that shape patterns on the landscape and resulting social and economic benefits. Explores landscapes across the urban to wildland gradient. Offered: WSp.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 200

ESRM 201 Sustaining Pacific Northwest Ecosystems (5) I&S/NW S. BOLTON, S. DOTY
Introduces the principles of ecology across an urban to wildland gradient and discusses how these landscapes can be sustainably managed. Explores basic ecological theories, plant communities, soil, climate, pollution, hydrology, and wildlife in classroom, labs, and field trips. Offered: ASp.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 201

ESRM 210 Introductory Soils (5) NW D. ZABOWSKI
Physical, chemical, and biological properties that affect distribution and use patterns of this important ecosystem component. Includes soil morphology and genesis, plant nutrition and nutrient cycling, soil water, microbiology, and application of soil properties to environmental concerns. One Saturday field trip. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 210

ESRM 235 Introduction to Environmental Economics (5) I&S/NW S. RABOTYAGOV
Introduces environmental and natural resource economics. Discusses fundamental economic concepts, including markets and private property. Includes basic tools used in the economic assessment of environmental problems and applies these methods to key environmental issues. Offered: jointly with ECON 235/ENVIR 235; Sp.
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ESRM 250 Introduction to Geographic Information Systems in Forest Resources (5) NW, QSR J. LAWLER
Applications of GIS technology to forest science and management. Fundamentals of GIS systems: data sources, preprocessing, map analysis, output; remote sensing as a source of GIS data, image analysis, and classification. Emphasis on GIS as a source of management and technical information requests. Offered: AWSpS.
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ESRM 300 Principles of Sustainability (2) I&S/NW
Overview of principles of sustainability, including discussion of current literature, presentation, and discussion with practitioners, and methods for balancing social, economic, and ecological consequences of proposed policies and actions. Students develop a plan to further their studies in natural resources and environmental sustainability. Recommended: ESRM 200; ESRM 201. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: W.
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ESRM 304 Environmental and Resource Assessment (5) NW, QSR E. TURNBLOM, D. VOGT
The processes of measuring, monitoring, and assessment; illustrated in diverse environmental and resource case studies. Explores the scientific method, hypothesis testing, sampling, and experimental designs, the role of questionnaires and polling techniques, remote sensing techniques, and population measurements. Offered: ASpS.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 304

ESRM 311 Soils and Land Use (3) NW R. HARRISON
Intended for students concerned with environmental problems in the Puget Sound basin; also for those who intend to become professionally involved in land-planning decisions. Focus is on the significance of soils in understanding environmental problems and in promoting intelligent land-use decisions. Basic concepts of soil systems are presented, stressing those aspects important in making land-planning decisions. Offered: W.
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ESRM 315 Natural Resource Issues: Old-Growth and Forest Management (5) I&S/NW J. FRANKLIN
Biological and social elements of current conflicts, especially those associated with old-growth and its disposition. Ecology of Pacific Northwest forests and landscapes, history of forest practices, application of emerging science, proposed alternative practices and policies, including analysis of current proposal and its predecessors and successors. Open to majors and nonmajors. Offered: Sp.
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ESRM 320 Marketing and Management from a Sustainability Perspective (5) I&S/NW D. PAUN
Introduction to business concepts relating to marketing, human resource management, small businesses and entrepreneurship, and economics in the context of environmental resource management. Offered: AS.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 320

ESRM 321 Finance and Accounting from a Sustainability Perspective (5) I&S/NW D. PAUN
Introduction to business concepts relating to finance, accounting, and international business in the context of environmental resource management. Offered: WS.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 321

ESRM 323 Silviculture (5) NW E. TURNBLOM
Silviculture techniques, including nursery practices, clear-cutting, seed trees, shelterwood, selection cutting, site preparation, regeneration methods, thinning, fertilization, chemicals, and regional silviculture in the Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, Rocky Mountains, California, Pacific Northwest, and Alaska. Multiple-use field trips. Offered: Sp.
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ESRM 325 Environmental Applications of Plants: Bioenergy and Bioremediation (3) NW S. DOTY
Explores current topics in forest bioresources with an emphasis on bioenergy, remediation of pollutants, and carbon sequestration. Recommended: a college-level course in either biology or chemistry. Offered: A.
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ESRM 328 FORESTRY-FISHERIES INTERACTIONS (4) NW
Offered: jointly with FISH 328.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 328

ESRM 331 Landscape Plant Recognition (3) NW S. REICHARD
Field recognition of important groups of woody landscape plants, emphasizing diversity at the genus and family levels. Cultivated plant nomenclature. Plant descriptive characters evident in the field with eye and hand lens. Hardiness and landscape applications. Recommended: BIOL 317. Offered: jointly with BIOL 331; Sp.
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ESRM 350 Wildlife Biology and Conservation (5) NW A. WIRSING
Wildlife ecology and population biology, and interrelationships between wild animals and humans, including encouragement of wildlife population growth and productivity, control of pest populations, and preservation of endangered species with emphasis on forest environments and forest faunas. Open to nonmajors. Prerequisite: either BIOL 162, BIOL 180, BIOL 220, or ESRM 162, any of which may be taken concurrently. Offered: A.
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ESRM 351 Wildlife Research Techniques (8) NW
Scientific approaches to the field study of wildlife populations and habitat, including species identification and natural history, experimental design, and report writing. Emphasis on direct experience with current field techniques used in the study of vertebrate populations and habitat. Prerequisite: either BIOL 162, BIOL 180, ESRM 162, or ESRM 350; recommended: Q SCI 381; ESRM 304. Offered: Sp.
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ESRM 362 Introduction to Restoration Ecology (5) I&S/NW J. BAKKER
An introduction to ecological restoration of damaged ecosystems. Examines the philosophical base of restoration as well as the social, biological, and political forces that impact the success of any restoration project. Includes lectures, readings, case studies, and field trips. Offered: jointly with ENVIR 362; A.
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ESRM 368 Natural Resource Measurements (4) NW E. TURNBLOM
Introduction to principles of measurement, basic field measurement skills, measurement of vegetation, including stand examination, timber cruising, size, weight, volume and biomass of trees, and stream flow. Laboratories include field exercises on sampling techniques for trees and lesser vegetation and linear regression modeling to predict quantities from basic measurements. Prerequisite: either IND E 315, Q SCI 381, STAT 220, or STAT 311; recommended: ESRM 304. Offered: W.
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ESRM 371 Environmental Sociology (5) I&S/NW S. ASAH
Social processes by which environmental conditions are transformed into environmental problems; scientific claims, popularization of science, issue-framing, problem-amplification, economic opportunism, and institutional sponsorship. Examination of social constructs such as ecosystem, community, and free-market economy. Use of human ecology to assess whether the current framing of environmental problems promotes ecological adaptability. Offered: jointly with ENVIR 379/SOC 379; A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 371

ESRM 381 Management of Wildland Recreation and Amenities (3) NW
Introduction and overview of wildland recreation and amenities management. Agency history and objectives explored along with integration of recreation with other land uses. Water, forestry, wildlife, and wilderness resources for recreational uses discussed along with role of private enterprise in recreation and amenities. Topics of current and local interest. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 381

ESRM 399 Field or Teaching Internship (1-5, max. 15)
Internship experience in undergraduate teaching or in the environmental field, supervised and approved by a faculty member. Preparation of professional report reflecting on the experience is required. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: AWSpS.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 399

ESRM 400 Natural Resource Conflict Management (3) I&S/NW C. RYAN
Introduction to the causes, dynamics, and consequences of natural resource conflicts as well as the range of procedural interventions used to manage conflict. Specific cases of environmental conflict and alternative dispute resolution procedures are examined. Emphasis on developing skills to effectively analyze, manage, and resolve natural resource conflicts. Offered: W.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 400

ESRM 401 Spring Comes to the Cascades (3) NW
Examines the interaction between forests, environment, and growth at three locations in the Cascades, from lowlands to alpine. Field trips and associate observations are linked to classroom or group project activities and are used to understand a number of ecological, physiological, and meteorological concepts. Offered: Sp.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 401

ESRM 403 Forest and Economic Development in the Developing World (4) NW I. EASTIN
Examines the relationship between forests and economic development in tropical countries. Topics include the role of population growth, poverty, land tenure, and international trade on forest use as well as theories of economic development. Case examples of forest-based economic development in different countries and regions. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 403

ESRM 405 Growing Stuff: Ecology, Economy, and Culture of Resource-Production Ecosystems (5) I&S S. HARRELL
Examines the connections between ecological, economic, and cultural aspects of local ecosystems that produce natural resources, through three case studies involving reading, writing, class discussion, and three required Saturday or weekend field trips. Case studies may include forest products, seafood, dairy products, biofuels, orchard crops, or others. Recommended: ENVIR 350; either ANTH 210 or ESRM 201. Offered: jointly with ANTH 410/ENVIR 410.
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ESRM 409 Soil Ecology (5) NW
Soil organisms in forest and other ecosystems, decomposition, nutrient cycling. Nitrogen transformation, mycorrhizae, effects of forest management. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 409

ESRM 410 Forest Soils and Site Productivity (5) NW R. HARRISON
Considers unique properties and processes occurring in forest soils throughout the world with emphasis on soils of Pacific Northwest and aspects of forest soils that affect productivity. Two all-day Saturday field trips and one Saturday-Sunday field trip required. Recommended: ESRM 210. Offered: A, odd years.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 410

ESRM 411 Plant Propagation: Principles and Practice (3) NW S. KIM
Science and practice of plant propagation including sexual (seed) and asexual (cutting, layering, grafting) propagation. Includes discussion of physiological effects, methodology and laboratory exercises. Wide variety of plants covered. Intended for majors in urban horticulture and urban forestry and others interested in reproducing landscape plants. Recommended: 10 credits of introductory biology or botany, or equivalent. Offered: Sp.
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ESRM 412 Native Plant Production (3) NW J. BAKKER
Advanced plant propagation techniques, emphasizing native plants, propagation for restoration projects, and unique problems associated with providing appropriate plant material for restoration or conservation purposes. Emphasizes greenhouse and fieldwork, and includes lectures, field trips, and a class project. Recommended: ESRM 411, which may be taken concurrently. Offered: Sp.
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ESRM 413 Soil Genesis and Classification (5) NW D. ZABOWSKI
Soil formation, morphology, classification, and relationship to the environment. Labs and weekend field trips illustrate properties and processes of forest and grassland soils in Washington. Recommended: ESRM 210. Offered: Sp, even years.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 413

ESRM 414 Forest Soil Fertility and Chemistry (3) NW R. HARRISON
Tree growth depends, in part, on the interaction between chemical and biological activities within a given soil: the biological and chemical parameters that influence the growth; soil solution chemistry and surface reactions; reactions and processes that control essential plant nutrient levels and forms in soil solutions. Recommended: ESRM 210. Offered: Sp, odd years.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 414

ESRM 415 Biology, Ecology, and Management of Plant Invasions (5) NW S. REICHARD
Explores how biological invasions are one of the most serious threats to the preservation of biodiversity worldwide. Explores the vectors which move plants and their pests, the biology and impacts of the invasive species, and management and policy approaches. Prerequisite: either BIOL 162, BIOL 220, BIOL 333, BIOL 471, BIOL 472, ESRM 201, ESRM 401, ESRM 472, or ESRM 473. Offered: A, even years.
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ESRM 416 Field Survey of Wildland Soils (3) NW R. HARRISON, D. ZABOWSKI
Study of soils in remote sites about which little information is available. Focus is field trip in Cascade Mountains just north of Glacier Peak with prior study of hiking area, soil and ecosystem changes, and wilderness use. Offered: S, odd years.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 416

ESRM 420 Wildland Fire Management (5) NW E. ALVARADO-CELESTIN
Principles of wildland fire behavior, ecology, and management. Weather, fuels, and topography effects on fire behavior. Forest structure influence on historical and current fire ecology. Principles of firesafe forests. Management issues of fire control and use in wilderness, multiple-use forest, and the wildland-urban interface. Offered: Sp.
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ESRM 425 Ecosystem Management (5) NW J. FRANKLIN
Scientific and social basis for ecological forestry. Forest practices to achieve integrated environmental and economic goals based upon material models of disturbance and stand development including alternative harvesting methods; adaptive management and monitoring; certification and global issues. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 425

ESRM 426 Wildland Hydrology (4) NW S. BOLTON
Introduction to the hydrologic cycle and basic hydrologic methods as applied to wildlands. Effects of forest management activities on hydrologic processes. Offered: W.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 426

ESRM 428 Principles of Silviculture and Their Application (5) NW Ford
Focuses on the biology of major tree species in the PNW and their use in silviculture, stand development in plantation forest systems and its relationship to forest yield, the advantages and limitations of plantation silviculture relating to specific biotic, abiotic, and economic conditions, and management for objectives other than time yield. Prerequisite: ESRM 323. Offered: A.
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ESRM 429 Environmental Science and Resource Management Seminar (1, max. 6) NW
Weekly presentations covering environmental topics by scientists on and off campus Credit/no-credit only. Offered: AWSp.
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ESRM 430 Remote Sensing of the Environment (5) NW Moskal
Focuses on hyperspatial remote sensing fundamentals, interpretation and manipulation of aerial photography, satellite imagery, and Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR). Uses traditional and 'state of the art' image processing techniques. Students learn to evaluate available hyperspatial remote sensing data sources and design simple projects related to environmental applications. Offered: W.
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ESRM 435 Forest Entomology (3) NW
Introduction to general entomology, characteristics, life histories, ecological relations, prevention, and control of forest insects. Offered: Sp.
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ESRM 436 LABORATORY IN FOREST ENTOMOLOGY (2) NW
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ESRM 441 Landscape Ecology (5) NW J. LAWLER
Basic landscape ecology concepts, including patches, corridors, networks, spatial dynamics; island biogeographic principles; landscape analysis methods; landscape models. Applications of landscape ecology in resources management (e.g., cumulative effects, cutting, patterns, anadromous fisheries, management of wildlife populations, and open-space planning). Recommended: either ESRM 201 or ESRM 250. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 441

ESRM 442 Forest Ecology and the Sierra Nevada and White Mountains (5) NW
An ongoing research project used as a vehicle for learning field methods, natural history, Sierra Nevada species, and ecological theory. Fieldwork occurs on the Yosemite Forest Dynamics Plot, a long-term study of community dynamics. Prerequisite: either ESRM 200, ESRM 201, or ENVIR 490. Offered: S.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 442

ESRM 450 Wildlife Ecology and Conservation (5) NW A. WIRSING
Covers principles of wildlife ecology such as habitat use and selection, population and metapopulation dynamics, and predator-prey interactions, and illustrates how they apply to wildlife conservation problems with terrestrial, aquatic, and marine wildlife. Prerequisite: ESRM 350; recommended: introductory statistics. Offered: W.
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ESRM 452 Field Ornithology (3) NW J. MARZLUFF
Students learn field identification skills and are introduced to field methodologies through required indoor labs, field trips, and field exercises. Exercises include study of survey techniques, feeding ecology, and behavior. Students are required to share field trip costs. Prerequisite: ESRM 456 which may be taken concurrently; either BIOL 162, BIOL 180, or BIOL 220, any of which may be taken concurrently. Offered: A.
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ESRM 455 Wildlife Seminar (1, max. 8) NW
Discussion of current research and application in wildlife biology and conservation. Credit/no-credit only. Offered: AWSp.
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ESRM 456 Biology and Conservation of Birds (3) NW J. MARZLUFF
Major principles of natural history, avian reproductive biology, population ecology, and national and international conservation strategies for both hunted and unhunted birds. Emphasis on western United States. Prerequisite: either BIOL 162, BIOL 180, or BIOL 220, ESRM 162, any of which may be taken concurrently. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 456

ESRM 457 Fish and Wildlife Toxicology (3/5) NW
Overview of fish/wildlife toxicology: history of the field; regulations; methods used to assess risks contaminants pose to fish/wildlife; classes of contaminants and their direct, sublethal and indirect effects; and contemporary threats of contaminants to fish/wildlife, their habitats and prey. Includes laboratory. Offered: jointly with FISH 455; W.
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ESRM 458 Management of Endangered, Threatened, and Sensitive Species (5) NW J. MARZLUFF
Biological underpinnings and political realities of endangered species management, including: legal issues, recovery teams, citizen rights, extinction, rarity, proactive management, captive propagation, reintroduction, species endangered in the Pacific Northwest. Students revise endangered species recovery plans. Offered: W.
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ESRM 459 Wildlife Conservation in Northwest Ecosystems (3) NW J. MARZLUFF, A. WIRSING
Extended field course offers wildlife science students personal interactions with wildlife managers and wildlife populations in strategic public and private lands in the northwestern United States and southern Canada. Students share costs of trip. Offered when there is sufficient student demand. Prerequisite: ESRM 350; may not be repeated. Offered: Sp.
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ESRM 461 Forest Management and Economics (5) I&S/NW
Presents important contemporary decision tools, especially how they are used by forest managers to interpret, critique, and develop their basic applications in forestry. Topics include optimization techniques, including linear and nonlinear programming, concepts in interest and time evaluation of alternatives, marginal cost analysis, and computer spreadsheet assisted analysis. Prerequisite: Q SCI 381 or STAT 311; Q SCI 291 or MATH 124. Offered: W.
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ESRM 462 Restoration Ecology Capstone: Introduction (2-) NW K. EWING, J. FRIDLEY
First of a three-course capstone sequence in restoration ecology. Students review and assess project plans and installations. Class meets with members of previous capstone classes to review their projects. Recommended: ESRM 362; ESRM 479. Offered: jointly with BES 462/TESC 462; A.
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ESRM 463 Restoration Ecology Capstone: Proposal and Plan (-3-) NW K. EWING, J. FRIDLEY
Student teams prepare proposals in response to requests for proposals (RFPs) from actual clients. Clients may be governments, non-profit organizations, and others. Upon acceptance of the proposal, teams prepare restoration plans. Prerequisite: ESRM 462. Offered: jointly with BES 463/TESC 463; W.
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ESRM 464 Restoration Ecology Capstone: Field Site Restoration (-5) NW K. EWING, J. FRIDLEY
Teams take a restoration plan developed in ESRM 463 and complete the installation. Team participation may include supervision of volunteers. Teams prepare management guidelines for the client and conduct a training class for their use. Prerequisite: ESRM 463. Offered: jointly with BES 464/TESC 464; Sp.
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ESRM 465 Economics of Conservation (3) I&S/NW J. PEREZ-GARCIA
Economic principles and their use in the analysis of contemporary conservation problems. Particular emphasis directed toward the conservation of forest resources in the Pacific Northwest and related policy issues. Offered: Sp.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 465

ESRM 470 Natural Resource Policy and Planning (5) I&S/NW
Introduction to and analysis of environmental policy-making processes, with a focus on forest and land policy and law. Use of policy models to examine the interaction of agencies, interest groups, Congress, and the courts in the legislative process. Policy implementation, evaluation, and change are also addressed. Offered: W.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 470

ESRM 472 Wetland Ecology and Management (5) NW K. EWING
Wetland types and functions, global and North American distribution, wetland plant types, soil chemistry. The influence of stresses on wetland composition and form. Autecology of wetland plants; response to and detection of stresses. Impacts of urbanization; management techniques. Recommended: coursework in biology or ecology. Offered: A.
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ESRM 473 Restoration in North America (5) NW K. EWING
Investigates the vegetation and climate of North American ecosystems. Includes an ecosystem by ecosystem review of how restoration is done in each system, including some tropical ecosystems. Recommended: plant ecology, plant identification, horticulture, landscape ecology coursework. Offered: W.
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ESRM 474 Restoration Problem Solving: Ecological Engineering (5) J. FRIDLEY
Exposes students to real-life problem solving that involves the design and manipulation of natural systems to perform ecological function. Focuses on the analysis, design, and implementation of discrete projects. Includes projects dealing with plants, hydrology, earthwork, waste and pollution management, as well as other resources and problems. Recommended: ESRM 362 Offered: A.
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ESRM 478 Plant Ecophysiology (5) NW S. KIM
Explores physiological mechanisms that underlie ecological observations, including how above- and below-ground microclimates develop and affect plant physiological processes. Discusses acclimation to environmental change along with species differences in physiological processes and plant's occupation of heterogeneous environments. Laboratories emphasize field measurement techniques. Prerequisite: either BIOL 180, B BIO 180, TESC 120, ESRM 201, ESRM 162, or FISH 162. Offered: jointly with BIOL 424; W.
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ESRM 479 Restoration Design (5) I&S/NW K. EWING, J. FRIDLEY
Covers the design process in ecosystem restoration by presenting a series of weekly design problems that students solve as teams. Categorizes problems by disturbance type, including restoration necessitated by agriculture, urbanization, salt-marsh filling or diking, construction of transport corridors, etc. Includes a team design portfolio. Offered: Sp.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 479

ESRM 480 Landscape Plant Science and Sustainable Management (5) NW S. KIM
Principles and practices of plant management in urban and modified landscapes. Physiological basis for plant management and selection; site analysis and preparation; plant installation and aftercare; plant performance evaluation; long-term sustainable management and plant health care. Recommended: either ESRM 210 or ERSM 311; either BIOL 116 or BIOL 117. Offered: A, even years.
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ESRM 489 Foreign Study (1-5, max. 15)
Individual foreign study of topics for which there is not sufficient demand to warrant the organization of regular classes. Offered: AWSpS.
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ESRM 490 Special Topics (1-5, max. 15)
Individual tutorial study of topics or courses under development to address the latest scientific developments in forest resources. Offered: AWSpS.
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ESRM 491 Field Studies (1-5, max. 10)
Independent field study or one time organized field courses with emphasis outside the traditional classroom. Offered: AWSpS.
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ESRM 494 Senior Capstone Proposal (5-)
Selection of a capstone topic and type, either thesis or project. Students select a faculty adviser to assist them in the proposal writing process. Regular or Honors credit. Prerequisite: ESRM 200; ESRM 201; ESRM 300; ESRM 304. Offered: AWSpS.
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ESRM 495 Senior Project (-5)
Individual study of an environmental science and resource management problem under direction of a faculty member. Requires a written project report. Generally taken in last year of residence. Prerequisite: ESRM 494, which may be taken concurrently. Offered: AWSpS.
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ESRM 496 Senior Thesis (-5)
Statistical analysis and presentation of research results and discussion of results in a thesis paper. Students work with faculty advisers to complete field or laboratory research and then prepare the senior thesis. Prerequisite: ESRM 494, which may be taken concurrently. Offered: AWSpS.
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ESRM 499 Undergraduate Research (1-5, max. 15)
Individual research supervised by a faculty member. For advanced students desiring to extend their educational experience. Offered: AWSpS.
View course details in MyPlan: ESRM 499