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COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES
ANTHROPOLOGY
BIOCULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY

Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for

BIO A 100 Evolution and Human Behavior (3) NW
Introduction to evolution by natural selection, examining the light it can throw on human biology and behavior in such areas as the nature of sex differences, sexual conflict, and conflict between parents and children. Does not fulfill major requirements. Offered: jointly with BIOL 108.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 100 (student access only)

BIO A 101 Human Biological Diversity (5) NW P. KRAMER
Exploration of human biological variation, including skin color, body form, blood groups, genetics, and reproductive strategies. Introduction to the theory of evolution through natural selection. Offered: A.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 101 (student access only)

BIO A 201 Principles of Biological Anthropology (5) NW
Evolution and adaptation of the human species. Evidence from fossil record and living populations of monkeys, apes, and humans. Interrelationships between human physical and cultural variation and environment; role of natural selection in shaping our evolutionary past, present, and future. Offered: AWSpS.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 201 (student access only)

BIO A 269 Special Problems in Biocultural Anthropology (3-6, max. 12) I&S
Explores a specific problem or set of problems in bicultural anthropology with a focus on understanding how the problem is framed and communicated using different theoretical and methodological frameworks.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 269 (student access only)

BIO A 350 Men's Health across the Lifespan (5) I&S K. O'CONNOR
Explores demographic, biological, epidemiological, psychological, sexual, sociological, cultural, and economic perspectives on the health of males.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 350 (student access only)

BIO A 351 Principles of Evolutionary Medicine (5) NW B. DUNCAN, D. EISENBERG
Introduces evolutional theory and explores evolutionary causes of health and disease. Considers how natural selection and the legacies of our human, primate, and deeper ancestries have shaped our biology. Topics include mental disorders, aging, cancer, diet, obesity, diabetes, infectious diseases, racism, and health differences between human groups.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 351 (student access only)

BIO A 355 Evolutionary Medicine (3) NW B. DUNCAN, D. EISENBERG
Explores evolutionary causes of health and disease. Considers how natural selection and the legacies of our human, primate, mammalian and bacterial ancestries have shaped our biology. Topics include mental disorders, aging, cancer, diet, obesity, diabetes, infectious diseases, racism, and health differences between human groups. Prerequisite: either BIO A 201 or BIOL 180. Offered: jointly with BIOL 385.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 355 (student access only)

BIO A 369 Special Issues in Biocultural Anthropology (2-6, max. 12) I&S
Exploration and analysis of a specific issue in biocultural anthropology with a focus on critical analysis on methodological approaches and theoretical frameworks.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 369 (student access only)

BIO A 370 Introduction to Primates (5) NW
Origins, major evolutionary trends, and modern taxonomic relationships of the nonhuman primates. Their distribution and habitat in relation to behavioral and morphological adaptations and their status as endangered species. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 370 (student access only)

BIO A 372 Uses and Abuses of Evolutionary Views of Human Behavior (5) I&S/NW
Interaction of human behavior and biology as it has been interpreted within an evolutionary framework. Discusses various challenges to Darwinian theory, particularly Lamarckism and creationism. Topics include biological determinism as exemplified by racism, myths of human origins, the clash between biological and cultural determinism, and modern genetics and behavior.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 372 (student access only)

BIO A 382 Human Population Biology (3) NW
Explores human fertility and mortality, and their relationships to the size and structure of populations through time. Emphasizes the biological and cultural determinants of these life course events in evolutionary perspective. Introduces the quantitative tools needed to understand these phenomena, including formal demography, epidemiology, and population genetics. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 382 (student access only)

BIO A 387 Ecological Perspectives on Environmental Stress, Adaptation, and Health (5) NW
How human populations respond to environmental stressors in biological-behavioral terms and the relationship of this adaptational process to health. Nutritional, climatic, and sociocultural stress and associated patterns of birth, disease, and death throughout human history in hunting, gathering, farming, pre-industrial, and industrial societies. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 387 (student access only)

BIO A 388 Human Fossils and Evolution (5-) NW P. KRAMER
First of a two-part series. Evolution of human anatomy and behavior as adaptations to changing environments. Human fossils: their geological context, age, ecological setting used to reconstruct the evolution of our species during the last six million years of earth history. Prerequisite: either BIO A 201 or BIOL 180.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 388 (student access only)

BIO A 389 Human Fossils and Evolution (-5) NW P. KRAMER
Second of two-part series. Evolution of human anatomy and behavior as adaptations to changing environments. Human fossils: their geological context, age, ecological setting used to reconstruct the evolution of our species during the last six million years of earth history. Prerequisite: BIO A 388. Offered: S.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 389 (student access only)

BIO A 423 Social Networks and Health (5) I&S S. GOODREAU
Examines the many ways that social interactions positively and negatively influence our health, and vice versa.. Considers why such influences are important to understand, how one measures them, what recent research has shown, and explores how they relate to other health determinants, both biological and cultural.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 423 (student access only)

BIO A 450 Biodemography Seminar (5) I&S/NW K. O'CONNOR
Introduction to theory, methods, and literature of biodemography. Examines biological mechanisms underlying patterns of aging, mortality, fertility, and population growth and decline. Includes readings from anthropology, sociology, demography, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, and epidemiology. Covers prehistoric, historic, and modern human populations, and non-human model systems. Offered: W.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 450 (student access only)

BIO A 455 Reproductive Ecology Laboratory Seminar (5) NW K. O'CONNOR
Introduction to the theory and methods of laboratory-based research in reproductive ecology. Covers lab methods for reproductive hormone assays, and their application in anthropological, biodemographic, and epidemiological research. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 455 (student access only)

BIO A 465 Nutritional Anthropology (3) I&S/NW
Examines the interrelationships between biomedical, sociocultural, and ecological factors, and their influence on the ability of humans to respond to variability in nutritional resources. Topics covered include diet and human evolution, nutrition-related biobehavioral influences on human growth, development, and disease resistance. Prerequisite: BIO A 201. Offered: jointly with NUTR 465.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 465 (student access only)

BIO A 466 Biocultural Anthropology Honors Thesis ([1-9]-, max. 18) NW
Individual research under the direction of a thesis adviser, culminating in a senior honors thesis. Open only to upper-class students in departmental honors program.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 466 (student access only)

BIO A 469 Special Topics in Biocultural Anthropology (3-5, max. 15) NW
Delineation and analysis of a specific problem or a more general area in biocultural anthropology. Offered occasionally by visiting or resident faculty.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 469 (student access only)

BIO A 470 Evolution of Human Social Behavior (5) I&S
Key concepts, research strategies, and debates concerning the processes and outcomes of human behavioral evolution. Emphasizes the complementarily of various methods and theories for understanding human biocultural evolution, including behavioral ecology, dual transmission theory, phylogentic analysis, and evolutionary psychology. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 470 (student access only)

BIO A 471 Evolutionary Perspectives on Parenting and Childcare (5) NW
Examines the use of evolutionary principles to understand variation in parenting and childcare practices in modern, historic, and prehistory human populations. Contextualizes human parenting and childcare adaptations in a broadly comparative and theoretical perspective.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 471 (student access only)

BIO A 473 Biological Adaptability of Human Populations (5) NW B. DUNCAN, D. EISENBERG
Mechanisms enabling humans to maintain homeostasis in extreme environments: high altitude, heat, cold, nutritional deficiency, radiation. Adaptive process operating at levels of physiology, metabolism, and population, including the strategies of fertility and birth spacing. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 473 (student access only)

BIO A 476 Sociocultural Ecology and Health (3) NW
Sociocultural ecology of health/disease, focusing on humans as bioculturally integrated beings and on populations as biocultural units of adaptation. Examples of research on disease, both infectious and chronic, and patterns of morbidity and mortality, infant, maternal, old age, with particular attention to situations of sociocultural changes. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 476 (student access only)

BIO A 477 Evolutionary Perspectives on Sex and Gender Roles (3) I&S/NW
Critical examination of theories explaining the evolution of sex differences and associated gender roles. Consideration of gender differences in mate preferences, parental investment, subsistence, aggressiveness, and risk-taking. Stresses interactions between biology and culture. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 477 (student access only)

BIO A 482 Human Population Genetics (5) NW, QSR S. GOODREAU, D. HOLMAN
Micro-evolutionary changes in human populations. Effects of mutation, selection, inbreeding, gene flow, and genetic drift as causes of evolutionary change. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 482 (student access only)

BIO A 483 Human Genetics, Disease, and Culture (5) NW D. EISENBERG
Considers relationships among genetic aspects of human disease, cultural behavior, and natural habitat for a wide variety of conditions. Also considers issues of biological versus environmental determinism, adaptive aspects of genetic disease, and the role of cultural selection. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 483 (student access only)

BIO A 484 Human Life Cycle (5) NW
Human growth and physical/social development: fetal life to old age. Cultural, ecological, and evolutionary aspects of the life cycle. Population differences in age and sex related to morbidity and mortality. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 484 (student access only)

BIO A 485 Research in Growth and Development (2, max. 8) NW
Focus on topics relating to primate growth and development. Prerequisite: either BIO A 484, BIO A 495, or BIO A 496, any of which may be taken concurrently.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 485 (student access only)

BIO A 486 Primate Socioecology (3) NW
Focus on the variety of social systems exhibited by nonhuman primates and adaptive significance of these societies; social systems in terms of the present ecology and evolutionary past of the species; the function of communicatory gestures and vocalizations, tradition, kinship, and social roles in maintaining and structuring groups over generations; the relationship among mating systems, foraging strategies, ranging patterns, and ecological separation/resource partitioning and their contribution to species-typical social organization. Prerequisite: either BIO A 370 or PSYCH 418.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 486 (student access only)

BIO A 487 Human and Comparative Osteology (5) NW Taylor
Introduction to the vertebrate skeleton. The skeleton is described in detail and various methods of determining age and sex, as well as osteometry and modern statistical methods for handling such data, are presented.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 487 (student access only)

BIO A 488 Primate Evolution (5) NW
Major trends in nonhominid primate evolution through the Cenozoic. Discussion of the specimens, geological context, and age of the fossil taxa and their relationship to modern taxa. Practical experience in analyzing fossil material. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 488 (student access only)

BIO A 491 Issues in Human Paleontology (5) NW P. KRAMER
Addresses the relevance of the hominin fossil record in understanding the evolution of our species. Prerequisite: either BIO A 388.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 491 (student access only)

BIO A 495 Growth and Development: Infancy (5) NW
Genetic and environmental influences on growth and development from prenatal life through infancy. Includes exploration of methods for assessing development and comparisons of development in non-human primates with human development. Prerequisite: BIO A 370.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 495 (student access only)

BIO A 496 Growth and Development: Adolescence and Reproductive Maturity (5) NW
Genetic and environmental influences on growth and development during adolescence. Emphasis on the interaction of biological and social factors in attainment of reproductive maturity. Compares conditions of non-human primates with human conditions. Prerequisite: BIO A 370.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 496 (student access only)

BIO A 499 Undergraduate Research (*, max. 12)
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 499 (student access only)

BIO A 502 Preceptorial Reading (6)
For beginning graduate students who have not had adequate training in the study of primate principles and methods involved in the study of evolution, human genetics, and the evolution of modern populations. Not open to graduate students in the biocultural anthropology program. Offered: AWS.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 502 (student access only)

BIO A 520 Human Behavioral Ecology (3-5)
Principles and methods of evolutionary behavioral ecology, and critical examination of their application to human behavior in such areas as resource utilization, mating, parenting, life history, cooperation, and competition.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 520 (student access only)

BIO A 525 Biocultural Research Methods and Study Design (5) B. DUNCAN
Survey of basic conceptual issues in the design of empirical research, with special attention to problems that arise during anthropological fieldwork. Topics include defining data needs, sampling strategies, problems with co-funding, proposal writing, human subjects approval, and basic ethical issues in human biocultural research.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 525 (student access only)

BIO A 526 Quantitative Methods and Modeling for Biocultural Anthropology (5) S. GOODREAU, D. HOLMAN
Surveys the concepts, tools, and methods for developing quantitative models based on underlying biocultural processes. Introduces methods of testing models from observations collected in anthropological field studies. Oriented toward longitudinal research of fertility, mortality, disease dynamics, population genetics, and other biocultural processes.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 526 (student access only)

BIO A 550 Skeletal Biology and Prehistoric Demography (5) K. O'CONNOR
Composition and structure of calcified tissue. Analytical techniques and their contribution to interpretation of the archaeological record.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 550 (student access only)

BIO A 568 Human Reproductive Ecology (3) D. HOLMAN
A consideration of the determinants of fertility variation within and among traditional human societies. Biocultural and ecological perspectives on pubertal timing, nuptiality, duration of birth intervals, and reproductive senescence.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 568 (student access only)

BIO A 569 Behavioral Ecology and Demography (5)
Demographic analysis relevant to anthropological research on small populations. Use of data collected through local surveys, genealogical methods, and from other sources. Focuses on use of demography to analyze social and biological processes with adaptive and/or cultural-historical significance. Emphasizes theoretical approaches.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 569 (student access only)

BIO A 584 Topics in Ecology and Adaptation (3, max. 9)
Seminar dealing with various aspects of ecology and adaptation. Topics vary each quarter.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 584 (student access only)

BIO A 588 Topics in Primate Evolution (3)
Emphasis on fossil taxa and their importance in understanding the morphologies and distributions of members of modern taxa. Prerequisite: BIO A 488 and permission of instructor.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 588 (student access only)

BIO A 590 Biological Anthropology Seminar (2, max. 18)
Includes presentations by participants and guest lecturers of current literature and ongoing research in topics pertaining to human and nonhuman primate evolution, biology, anatomy, genetics variation, and behavior. Credit/no-credit only.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 590 (student access only)

BIO A 591 Issues in Hominin Paleontology (5) P. KRAMER
Addresses the relevance of the hominin fossil record in understanding the evolution of our species.
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 591 (student access only)

BIO A 600 Independent Study or Research (*-)
MyPlan Course Details: BIO A 600 (student access only)