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COLLEGE OF ARTS & SCIENCES
ANTHROPOLOGY
BIOCULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY

Detailed course offerings (Time Schedule) are available for

BIO A 100 Evolution and Human Behavior (3) NW
Introduction to evolution by natural selection, examining the light it can throw on human biology and behavior in such areas as the nature of sex differences, sexual conflict, and conflict between parents and children. Does not fulfill major requirements. Offered: jointly with BIOL 108.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 100

BIO A 101 Human Biological Diversity (5) NW P. KRAMER
Exploration of human biological variation, including skin color, body form, blood groups, genetics, and reproductive strategies. Introduction to the theory of evolution through natural selection. Offered: A.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 101

BIO A 201 Principles of Biological Anthropology (5) NW
Evolution and adaptation of the human species. Evidence from fossil record and living populations of monkeys, apes, and humans. Interrelationships between human physical and cultural variation and environment; role of natural selection in shaping our evolutionary past, present, and future. Offered: AWSpS.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 201

BIO A 269 Special Problems in Biocultural Anthropology (3-6, max. 12) I&S
Explores a specific problem or set of problems in bicultural anthropology with a focus on understanding how the problem is framed and communicated using different theoretical and methodological frameworks.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 269

BIO A 350 Men's Health across the Lifespan (5) I&S K. O'CONNOR
Explores demographic, biological, epidemiological, psychological, sexual, sociological, cultural, and economic perspectives on the health of males.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 350

BIO A 351 Principles of Evolutionary Medicine (5) NW B. DUNCAN, D. EISENBERG
Introduces evolutional theory and explores evolutionary causes of health and disease. Considers how natural selection and the legacies of our human, primate, and deeper ancestries have shaped our biology. Topics include mental disorders, aging, cancer, diet, obesity, diabetes, infectious diseases, racism, and health differences between human groups.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 351

BIO A 355 Evolutionary Medicine (3) NW B. DUNCAN, D. EISENBERG
Explores evolutionary causes of health and disease. Considers how natural selection and the legacies of our human, primate, mammalian and bacterial ancestries have shaped our biology. Topics include mental disorders, aging, cancer, diet, obesity, diabetes, infectious diseases, racism, and health differences between human groups. Prerequisite: either BIO A 201 or BIOL 180. Offered: jointly with BIOL 385.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 355

BIO A 369 Special Issues in Biocultural Anthropology (2-6, max. 12) I&S
Exploration and analysis of a specific issue in biocultural anthropology with a focus on critical analysis on methodological approaches and theoretical frameworks.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 369

BIO A 370 Introduction to Primates (5) NW
Origins, major evolutionary trends, and modern taxonomic relationships of the nonhuman primates. Their distribution and habitat in relation to behavioral and morphological adaptations and their status as endangered species. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 370

BIO A 372 Uses and Abuses of Evolutionary Views of Human Behavior (5) I&S/NW
Interaction of human behavior and biology as it has been interpreted within an evolutionary framework. Discusses various challenges to Darwinian theory, particularly Lamarckism and creationism. Topics include biological determinism as exemplified by racism, myths of human origins, the clash between biological and cultural determinism, and modern genetics and behavior.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 372

BIO A 382 Human Population Biology (3) NW
Explores human fertility and mortality, and their relationships to the size and structure of populations through time. Emphasizes the biological and cultural determinants of these life course events in evolutionary perspective. Introduces the quantitative tools needed to understand these phenomena, including formal demography, epidemiology, and population genetics. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 382

BIO A 387 Ecological Perspectives on Environmental Stress, Adaptation, and Health (5) NW
How human populations respond to environmental stressors in biological-behavioral terms and the relationship of this adaptational process to health. Nutritional, climatic, and sociocultural stress and associated patterns of birth, disease, and death throughout human history in hunting, gathering, farming, pre-industrial, and industrial societies. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 387

BIO A 388 Human Fossils and Evolution (5-) NW P. KRAMER
First of a two-part series. Evolution of human anatomy and behavior as adaptations to changing environments. Human fossils: their geological context, age, ecological setting used to reconstruct the evolution of our species during the last six million years of earth history. Prerequisite: either BIO A 201 or BIOL 180.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 388

BIO A 389 Human Fossils and Evolution (-5) NW P. KRAMER
Second of two-part series. Evolution of human anatomy and behavior as adaptations to changing environments. Human fossils: their geological context, age, ecological setting used to reconstruct the evolution of our species during the last six million years of earth history. Prerequisite: BIO A 388. Offered: S.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 389

BIO A 423 Social Networks and Health (5) I&S S. GOODREAU
Examines the many ways that social interactions positively and negatively influence our health, and vice versa.. Considers why such influences are important to understand, how one measures them, what recent research has shown, and explores how they relate to other health determinants, both biological and cultural.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 423

BIO A 450 Biodemography Seminar (5) I&S/NW K. O'CONNOR
Introduction to theory, methods, and literature of biodemography. Examines biological mechanisms underlying patterns of aging, mortality, fertility, and population growth and decline. Includes readings from anthropology, sociology, demography, evolutionary biology, molecular biology, and epidemiology. Covers prehistoric, historic, and modern human populations, and non-human model systems. Offered: W.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 450

BIO A 455 Reproductive Ecology Laboratory Seminar (5) NW K. O'CONNOR
Introduction to the theory and methods of laboratory-based research in reproductive ecology. Covers lab methods for reproductive hormone assays, and their application in anthropological, biodemographic, and epidemiological research. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 455

BIO A 459 Laboratory Methods in Anthropological Genetics (5) NW D. EISENBERG
Introduction to the theory and methods of laboratory-based research in anthropological genetics. Covers laboratory methods for sample collection, DNA extraction, genotyping, analysis, emerging molecular genetics technologies, and their application in anthropological, biodemographic, and epidemiological research. Student design and carry out a laboratory-based project. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 459

BIO A 465 Nutritional Anthropology (3) I&S/NW
Examines the interrelationships between biomedical, sociocultural, and ecological factors, and their influence on the ability of humans to respond to variability in nutritional resources. Topics covered include diet and human evolution, and nutrition-related biobehavioral influences on human growth, development, and disease resistance. Prerequisite: BIO A 201. Offered: jointly with NUTR 465.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 465

BIO A 466 Biocultural Anthropology Honors Thesis ([1-9]-, max. 18) NW
Individual research under the direction of a thesis adviser, culminating in a senior honors thesis. Open only to upper-class students in departmental honors program.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 466

BIO A 469 Special Topics in Biocultural Anthropology (3-5, max. 15) NW
Delineation and analysis of a specific problem or a more general area in biocultural anthropology. Offered occasionally by visiting or resident faculty.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 469

BIO A 470 Evolution of Human Social Behavior (5) I&S
Key concepts, research strategies, and debates concerning the processes and outcomes of human behavioral evolution. Emphasizes the complementarily of various methods and theories for understanding human biocultural evolution, including behavioral ecology, dual transmission theory, phylogentic analysis, and evolutionary psychology. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 470

BIO A 471 Evolutionary Perspectives on Parenting and Childcare (5) NW
Examines the use of evolutionary principles to understand variation in parenting and childcare practices in modern, historic, and prehistory human populations. Contextualizes human parenting and childcare adaptations in a broadly comparative and theoretical perspective.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 471

BIO A 473 Biological Adaptability of Human Populations (5) NW B. DUNCAN, D. EISENBERG
Mechanisms enabling humans to maintain homeostasis in extreme environments: high altitude, heat, cold, nutritional deficiency, radiation. Adaptive process operating at levels of physiology, metabolism, and population, including the strategies of fertility and birth spacing. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 473

BIO A 476 Sociocultural Ecology and Health (3) NW
Sociocultural ecology of health/disease, focusing on humans as bioculturally integrated beings and on populations as biocultural units of adaptation. Examples of research on disease, both infectious and chronic, and patterns of morbidity and mortality, infant, maternal, old age, with particular attention to situations of sociocultural changes. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 476

BIO A 477 Evolutionary Perspectives on Sex and Gender Roles (3) I&S/NW
Critical examination of theories explaining the evolution of sex differences and associated gender roles. Consideration of gender differences in mate preferences, parental investment, subsistence, aggressiveness, and risk-taking. Stresses interactions between biology and culture. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 477

BIO A 482 Human Population Genetics (5) NW, QSR S. GOODREAU, D. HOLMAN
Micro-evolutionary changes in human populations. Effects of mutation, selection, inbreeding, gene flow, and genetic drift as causes of evolutionary change. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 482

BIO A 483 Human Genetics, Disease, and Culture (5) NW D. EISENBERG
Considers relationships among genetic aspects of human disease, cultural behavior, and natural habitat for a wide variety of conditions. Also considers issues of biological versus environmental determinism, adaptive aspects of genetic disease, and the role of cultural selection. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 483

BIO A 484 Human Life Cycle (5) NW
Human growth and physical/social development: fetal life to old age. Cultural, ecological, and evolutionary aspects of the life cycle. Population differences in age and sex related to morbidity and mortality. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 484

BIO A 485 Research in Growth and Development (2, max. 8) NW
Focus on topics relating to primate growth and development. Prerequisite: either BIO A 484, BIO A 495, or BIO A 496, any of which may be taken concurrently.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 485

BIO A 486 Primate Socioecology (3) NW
Focus on the variety of social systems exhibited by nonhuman primates and adaptive significance of these societies; social systems in terms of the present ecology and evolutionary past of the species; the function of communicatory gestures and vocalizations, tradition, kinship, and social roles in maintaining and structuring groups over generations; the relationship among mating systems, foraging strategies, ranging patterns, and ecological separation/resource partitioning and their contribution to species-typical social organization. Prerequisite: either BIO A 370 or PSYCH 418.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 486

BIO A 487 Human and Comparative Osteology (5) NW Taylor
Introduction to the vertebrate skeleton. The skeleton is described in detail and various methods of determining age and sex, as well as osteometry and modern statistical methods for handling such data, are presented.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 487

BIO A 488 Primate Evolution (5) NW
Major trends in nonhominid primate evolution through the Cenozoic. Discussion of the specimens, geological context, and age of the fossil taxa and their relationship to modern taxa. Practical experience in analyzing fossil material. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 488

BIO A 491 Issues in Human Paleontology (5) NW P. KRAMER
Addresses the relevance of the hominin fossil record in understanding the evolution of our species. Prerequisite: either BIO A 388.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 491

BIO A 495 Growth and Development: Infancy (5) NW
Genetic and environmental influences on growth and development from prenatal life through infancy. Includes exploration of methods for assessing development and comparisons of development in non-human primates with human development. Prerequisite: BIO A 370.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 495

BIO A 496 Growth and Development: Adolescence and Reproductive Maturity (5) NW
Genetic and environmental influences on growth and development during adolescence. Emphasis on the interaction of biological and social factors in attainment of reproductive maturity. Compares conditions of non-human primates with human conditions. Prerequisite: BIO A 370.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 496

BIO A 499 Undergraduate Research (*, max. 12)
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 499

BIO A 502 Preceptorial Reading (6)
For beginning graduate students who have not had adequate training in the study of primate principles and methods involved in the study of evolution, human genetics, and the evolution of modern populations. Not open to graduate students in the biocultural anthropology program. Offered: AWS.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 502

BIO A 520 Human Behavioral Ecology (3-5)
Principles and methods of evolutionary behavioral ecology, and critical examination of their application to human behavior in such areas as resource utilization, mating, parenting, life history, cooperation, and competition.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 520

BIO A 521 Hominin Evolution (5-) P. KRAMER
Evolution of hominin anatomy and behavior as adaptations to changing environments. Hominin fossils: their geological context, age, ecological setting used to reconstruct the evolution of our species during the last six million years of earth history. Offered: W, odd years.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 521

BIO A 522 Hominin Evolution (-0.5) P. KRAMER
Evolution of hominin anatomy and behavior as adaptations to changing environments. Hominin fossils: their geological context, age, ecological setting used to reconstruct the evolution of our species during the last six million years of earth history. Offered: Sp, odd years.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 522

BIO A 525 Biocultural Research Methods and Study Design (5) B. DUNCAN
Survey of basic conceptual issues in the design of empirical research, with special attention to problems that arise during anthropological fieldwork. Topics include defining data needs, sampling strategies, problems with co-funding, proposal writing, human subjects approval, and basic ethical issues in human biocultural research.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 525

BIO A 526 Quantitative Methods and Modeling for Biocultural Anthropology (5) S. GOODREAU, D. HOLMAN
Surveys the concepts, tools, and methods for developing quantitative models based on underlying biocultural processes. Introduces methods of testing models from observations collected in anthropological field studies. Oriented toward longitudinal research of fertility, mortality, disease dynamics, population genetics, and other biocultural processes.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 526

BIO A 550 Skeletal Biology and Prehistoric Demography (5) K. O'CONNOR
Composition and structure of calcified tissue. Analytical techniques and their contribution to interpretation of the archaeological record.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 550

BIO A 559 Laboratory Methods in Anthropological Genetics (5) D. EISENBERG
Introduction to the theory and methods of laboratory-based research in anthropological genetics. Covers laboratory methods for sample collection, DNA extraction, genotyping, analysis, emerging molecular genetics technologies, and their application in anthropological, biodemographic, and epidemiological research. Student design and carry out a laboratory-based project. Prerequisite: BIO A 201.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 559

BIO A 568 Human Reproductive Ecology (3) D. HOLMAN
A consideration of the determinants of fertility variation within and among traditional human societies. Biocultural and ecological perspectives on pubertal timing, nuptiality, duration of birth intervals, and reproductive senescence.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 568

BIO A 569 Behavioral Ecology and Demography (5)
Demographic analysis relevant to anthropological research on small populations. Use of data collected through local surveys, genealogical methods, and from other sources. Focuses on use of demography to analyze social and biological processes with adaptive and/or cultural-historical significance. Emphasizes theoretical approaches.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 569

BIO A 584 Topics in Ecology and Adaptation (3, max. 9)
Seminar dealing with various aspects of ecology and adaptation. Topics vary each quarter.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 584

BIO A 588 Topics in Primate Evolution (3)
Emphasis on fossil taxa and their importance in understanding the morphologies and distributions of members of modern taxa. Prerequisite: BIO A 488 and permission of instructor.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 588

BIO A 590 Biological Anthropology Seminar (2, max. 18)
Includes presentations by participants and guest lecturers of current literature and ongoing research in topics pertaining to human and nonhuman primate evolution, biology, anatomy, genetics variation, and behavior. Credit/no-credit only.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 590

BIO A 591 Issues in Hominin Paleontology (5) P. KRAMER
Addresses the relevance of the hominin fossil record in understanding the evolution of our species.
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 591

BIO A 600 Independent Study or Research (*-)
View course details in MyPlan: BIO A 600