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APPLIED MATHEMATICS

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**AMATH 301 Beginning Scientific Computing (4) NW**

Introduction to the use of computers to solve problems arising in the physical, biological, and engineering sciences. Application of mathematical judgment, programming architecture, and flow control in solving scientific problems. Introduction to MATLAB routines for numerical programming, computation, and visualization. Prerequisite: either MATH 125, Q SCI 292, or MATH 135. Offered: AWSpS.

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**AMATH 351 Introduction to Differential Equations and Applications (3) NW**

Introductory survey of ordinary differential equations; linear and nonlinear equations; Taylor series; and. Laplace transforms. Emphasizes on formulation, solution, and interpretation of results. Examples drawn from physical and biological sciences and engineering. Prerequisite: MATH 125. Offered: AWSpS.

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**AMATH 352 Applied Linear Algebra and Numerical Analysis (3) NW**

Analysis and application of numerical methods and algorithms to problems in the applied sciences and engineering. Applied linear algebra, including eigenvalue problems. Emphasis on use of conceptual methods in engineering, mathematics, and science. Extensive use of MATLAB package for programming and solution techniques. Prerequisite: either MATH 126 or Q SCI 293. Offered: AWSpS.

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**AMATH 353 Partial Differential Equations and Waves (3) NW**

Covers traveling waves of linear equations, dispersion relation, stability, superposition and Fourier analysis, d'Alembert solution, standing waves, vibrations and separation of variables, traveling waves of nonlinear equations, conservation laws, characteristics, breaking, shocks, and rarefaction. Prerequisite: either AMATH 351 or MATH 307. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 383 Introduction to Continuous Mathematical Modeling (3) NW**

Introductory survey of applied mathematics with emphasis on modeling of physical and biological problems in terms of differential equations. Formulation, solution, and interpretation of the results. Prerequisite: either AMATH 351 or MATH 307. Offered: AWS.

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**AMATH 401 Vector Calculus and Complex Variables (4) NW**

Emphasizes acquisition of solution techniques; illustrates ideas with specific example problems arising in science and engineering. Includes applications of vector differential calculus, complex variables; line-surface integrals; integral theorems; and Taylor and Laurent series, and contour integration. Prerequisite: either MATH 126 or MATH 136. Offered: A.

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**AMATH 402 Introduction to Dynamical Systems and Chaos (4) NW**

Overview methods describing qualitative behavior of solutions on nonlinear differential equations. Phase space analysis of fixed pointed and periodic orbits. Bifurcation methods. Description of strange attractors and chaos. Introductions to maps. Applications: engineering, physics, chemistry, and biology. Prerequisite: either AMATH 351 or MATH 307. Offered: W.

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**AMATH 403 Methods for Partial Differential Equations (4) NW**

Covers separation of variables, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, Sturm-Liouville theory and special functions, eigenfunction expansions, and Greens functions. Prerequisite: AMATH 401; either AMATH 351 or MATH 307. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 422 Computational Modeling of Biological Systems (3) NW**

Examines fundamental models that arise in biology and their analysis through modern scientific computing. Covers discrete and continuous-time dynamics, in deterministic and stochastic settings, with application from molecular biology to neuroscience to population dynamics; statistical analysis of experimental data; and MATLAB programming from scratch. Prerequisite: either MATH 307 or AMATH 351. Offered: A.

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**AMATH 423 Mathematical Analysis in Biology and Medicine (3) NW**

Focuses on developing and analyzing mechanistic, dynamic models of biological systems and processes, to better understand their behavior and function. Applications drawn from many branches of biology and medicine. Provides experiences in applying differential equations, difference equations, and dynamical systems theory to biological problems. Prerequisite: either AMATH 351 or MATH 307, MATH/STAT 390. Offered: W.

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**AMATH 481 Scientific Computing (5)**

Project-oriented computational approach to solving problems arising in the physical/engineering sciences, finance/economics, medical, social, and biological sciences. Problems requiring use of advanced MATLAB routines and toolboxes. Covers graphical techniques for data presentation and communication of scientific results. Prerequisite: AMATH 301; either AMATH 351 or MATH 307; either AMATH 352 or MATH 308. Offered: A.

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**AMATH 482 Computational Methods for Data Analysis (5)**

Exploratory and objective data analysis methods applied to the physical, engineering, and biological sciences. Brief review of statistical methods and their computational implementation for studying time series analysis, spectral analysis, filtering methods, principal component analysis, orthogonal mode decomposition, and image processing and compression. Prerequisite: AMATH 301; either AMATH 352 or MATH 308. Offered: W.

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**AMATH 483 High-Performance Scientific Computing (5)**

Introduction to hardware, software, and programming for large-scale scientific computing. Overview of multicore, cluster, and supercomputer architectures; procedure and object oriented languages; parallel computing paradigms and languages; graphics and visualization of large data sets; validation and verification; and scientific software development. Prerequisite: either CSE 142 or AMATH 301. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 490 Special Topics (1-5, max. 15)**

Topics of current interest in applied mathematics not covered by other undergraduate courses.

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**AMATH 498 Senior Project or Thesis (1-6, max. 6)**

Intended for Honors students and other advanced undergraduates completing a special project or senior thesis in applied mathematics. Offered: AWSpS.

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**AMATH 499 Undergraduate Reading and Research (1-6, max. 6)**

Credit/no-credit only. Offered: AWSpS.

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**AMATH 500 Special Studies in Applied Mathematics (*, max. 24)**

Lectures and discussions of topics of current interest in applied mathematics. May not be offered every quarter; content may vary from one offering to another. Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

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**AMATH 501 Vector Calculus and Complex Variables (5)**

Emphasizes acquisition of solution techniques; illustrates ideas with specific example problems arising in science and engineering. Includes applications of vector differential calculus, complex variables; line-surface integrals; integral theorems; and Taylor and Laurent series, and contour integration. Prerequisite: either a course in vector calculus or permission of instructor.

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**AMATH 502 Introduction to Dynamical Systems and Chaos (5)**

Overview methods describing qualitative behavior of solutions on nonlinear differential equations. Phase space analysis of fixed pointed and periodic orbits. Bifurcation methods. Description of strange attractors and chaos. Introductions to maps. Applications: engineering, physics, chemistry, and biology. Prerequisite: either a course in differential equations or permission of instructor.

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**AMATH 503 Methods for Partial Differential Equations (5)**

Covers separation of variables, Fourier series and Fourier transforms, Sturm-Liouville theory and special functions, eigenfunction expansions, and Greens functions. Prerequisite: either AMATH 501 and a course in differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 504 Mathematical Epidemiology (5)**

Focuses on the construction and analysis of mathematical models for infectious disease transmission and control. Emphasizes evaluation and comparison of vaccination programs. Applications are presented for a variety of diseases such as measles, rubella, smallpox, rabies, etc. Prerequisite: either a course in differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp, odd years.

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**AMATH 505 Introduction to Fluid Dynamics (4)**

Eulerian equations for mass-motion; Navier-Stokes equation for viscous fluids, Cartesion tensors, stress-strain relations; Kelvin's theorem, vortex dynamics; potential flows, flows with high-low Reynolds numbers; boundary layers, introduction to singular perturbation techniques; water waves; linear instability theory. Prerequisite: either a course in partial differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with ATM S 505/OCEAN 511; A, odd years.

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**AMATH 506 Applied Probability and Statistics (4)**

Discrete and continuous random variables, independence and conditional probability, central limit theorem, elementary statistical estimation and inference, linear regression. Emphasis on physical applications. Prerequisite: some advanced calculus and linear algebra. Offered: jointly with STAT 506.

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**AMATH 507 Calculus of Variations (5)**

Necessary and sufficient conditions for a weak and strong extremum. Legendre transformation, Hamiltonian systems. Constraints and Lagrange multipliers. Space-time problems with examples from elasticity, electromagnetics, and fluid mechanics. Sturm-Liouville problems. Approximate methods. Prerequisite: either AMATH 351 or MATH 307; MATH 324; MATH 327. Offered: W, odd years.

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**AMATH 509 Theory of Optimal Control (3)**

Trajectories from ordinary differential equations with control variables. Controllability, optimality, maximum principle. Relaxation and existence of solutions. Techniques of nonsmooth analysis. Prerequisite: real analysis on the level of MATH 426; background in optimization corresponding to MATH 515. Offered: jointly with MATH 509.

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**AMATH 512 Methods of Engineering Analysis (3)**

Applications of mathematics to problems in chemical engineering; vector calculus; properties and methods of solution of first and second order partial differential equations; similarity transforms, separation of variables, Laplace and Fourier transforms. Prerequisite: MATH 308, MATH 307 or AMATH 351, MATH 324, or permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with CHEM E 512; A.

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**AMATH 514 Networks and Combinatorial Optimization (3)**

Mathematical foundations of combinatorial and network optimization with an emphasis on structure and algorithms with proofs. Topics include combinatorial and geometric methods for optimization of network flows, matching, traveling salesmen problem, cuts, and stable sets on graphs. Special emphasis on connections to linear and integer programming, duality theory, total unimodularity, and matroids. Prerequisite: either MATH 308 or AMATH 352 any additional 400-level mathematics course. Offered: jointly with MATH 514.

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**AMATH 515 Fundamentals of Optimization (5)**

Maximization and minimization of functions of finitely many variables subject to constraints. Basic problem types and examples of applications; linear, convex, smooth, and nonsmooth programming. Optimality conditions. Saddlepoints and dual problems. Penalties, decomposition. Overview of computational approaches. Prerequisite: linear algebra and advanced calculus. Offered: jointly with IND E 515/MATH 515.

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**AMATH 516 Numerical Optimization (3)**

Methods of solving optimization problems in finitely many variables, with or without constraints. Steepest descent, quasi-Newton methods. Quadratic programming and complementarity. Exact penalty methods, multiplier methods. Sequential quadratic programming. Cutting planes and nonsmooth optimization. Prerequisite: MATH 515. Offered: jointly with MATH 516.

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**AMATH 521 Special Topics in Mathematical Biology (5, max. 15)**

Special topics in mathematical biology. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 522 Introduction to Mathematical Biology (5)**

Modeling biological systems with differential and difference equations. Examples from: ecology (population growth, disease dynamics); biochemistry and cell biology; and neurobiology (Hodgkin-Huxley and neural networks). Methods include linear stability analyses, phase-plane analyses, and perturbation theory. Prerequisite: either a course in differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: A.

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**AMATH 523 Mathematical Analysis in Biology and Medicine (5)**

Focuses on developing and analyzing mechanistic, dynamic models of biological systems and processes, to better understand their behavior and function. Applications drawn from many branches of biology and medicine. Provides experiences in applying differential equations, difference equations, and dynamical systems theory to biological problems. Prerequisite: either courses in differential equations and statistics and probability, or permission of instructor. Offered: W.

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**AMATH 524 Mathematical Biology: Spatiotemporal Models (5)**

Examines partial differential equations for biological dynamics in space and time. Draws examples from molecular and cell biology, ecology, epidemiology, and neurobiology. Topics include reaction-diffusion equations for biochemical reactions, calcium wave propagation in excitable medium, and models for invading biological populations. Prerequisite: either a course in partial differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 531 MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF CELLULAR DYNAMICS (3)**

Develops a coherent mathematical theory for processes inside living cells. Focuses on analyzing dynamics leading to functions of cellular components (gene regulation, signaling biochemistry, metabolic networks, cytoskeletal biomechanics, and epigenetic inheritance) using deterministic and stochastic models. Prerequisite: either courses in dynamical systems, partial differential equations, and probability, or permission of instructor.

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**AMATH 532 Mathematics of Genome Analysis and Molecular Modeling (5)**

Covers genome analysis, including bioinformatics and molecular modeling in terms of molecular dynamics. Prerequisite: either AMATH 506 or permission of instructor. Offered: A.

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**AMATH 533 Neural Control of Movement: A Computational Perspective (3)**

Systematic overview of sensorimotor function on multiple levels of analysis, with emphasis on the phenomenology amenable to computational modeling. Topics include musculoskeletal mechanics, neural networks, optimal control and Bayesian inference, learning and adaptation, internal models, and neural coding and decoding. Prerequisite: vector calculus, linear algebra, MATLAB, or permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with CSE 529.

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**AMATH 534 Dynamics of Neurons and Networks (5)**

Covers mathematical analysis and simulation of neural systems - singles cells, networks, and populations - via tolls of dynamical systems, stochastic processes, and signal processing. Topics include single-neuron excitability and oscillations; network structure and synchrony; and stochastic and statistical dynamics of large cell populations. Prerequisite: either CSE 528 or permission of instructor.

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**AMATH 535 Mathematical Ecology (5)**

Considers models, methods, and issues in population ecology. Topics include the effects of density dependence, delays, demographic stochasticity, and age structure on population growth; population interactions (predation, competition, and mutualism); and application of optimal control theory to the management of renewable resources. Prerequisite: either a course in differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 536 Spatial Models in Ecology and Epidemiology (5)**

Considers models for growth and dispersal of biological populations. Topics include population persistence, climate-induced range shifts, and rates of spread of invading organisms. Considers reaction-diffusion equations, integrodifference equation, branching random walks, and other relevant classes of models. Prerequisite: either a course in partial differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 567 Applied Analysis (5)**

Reviews applications of metric and normed spaces, types of convergence, upper and lower bounds, and completion of a metric space; Banach spaces and Hilbert spaces, bounded linear operators, orthogonal sets and Fourier series, and the Riesz representation theorem; and the spectrum of a bounded linear operator and the Fredholm alternative. Introduces distributions. Prerequisite: either a course in real analysis or advanced calculus, or permission of instructor. Offered: A.

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**AMATH 568 Advanced Methods for Ordinary Differential Equations (5)**

Regular and singular points of differential equations. Asymptotic expansions for solutions of linear ordinary equations. Regular and singular perturbations. Asymptotic evaluation of integrals. Boundary layers and the WKB method. The method of multiple scales. Prerequisite: either a course in differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: W.

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**AMATH 569 Advanced Methods for Partial Differential Equations (5)**

Analytical solution techniques for linear partial differential equations. Discussion of how these arise in science and engineering. Transform and Green's function methods. Classification of second-order equations, characteristics. Conservation laws, shocks. Prerequisite: either a course in partial differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 570 Asymptotic and Perturbation Methods (5)**

Asymptotics for integrals, perturbation, and multiple-scale analysis. Singular perturbations: matched asymptotic expansions, boundary layers, shock layers, uniformly valid solutions. Prerequisite: AMATH 567, AMATH 568, AMATH 569, or permission of instructor. Offered: A.

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**AMATH 572 Introduction to Applied Stochastic Analysis (5)**

Introduction to the theory of probability and stochastic processes based on differential equations with applications to science and engineering. Poisson processes and continuous-time Markov processes, Brownian motions and diffusion. Prerequisite: either courses in dynamical systems, statistics, and probability, or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp, even years.

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**AMATH 573 Coherent Structures, Pattern Formation and Solitons (5)**

Methods for nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs) leading to coherent structures and patterns. Includes symmetries, conservations laws, stability Hamiltonian and variation methods of PDEs; interactions of structures such as waves or solitons; Lax pairs and inverse scattering; and Painleve analysis. Prerequisite: either a course in partial differential equations or permission of instructor. Offered: A, odd years.

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**AMATH 574 Conservation Laws and Finite Volume Methods (5)**

Theory of linear and nonlinear hyperbolic conservation laws modeling wave propagation in gases, fluids, and solids. Shock and rarefaction waves. Finite volume methods for numerical approximation of solutions; Godunov's method and high-resolution TVD methods. Stability, convergence, and entropy conditions. Prerequisite: either AMATH 586 or permission of instructor. Offered: W.

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**AMATH 575 Dynamical Systems (5)**

Overview of ways in which complex dynamics arise in nonlinear dynamical systems. Topics include bifurcation theory, universality, Poincare maps, routes to chaos, horseshoe maps, Hamiltonian chaos, fractal dimensions, Liapunov exponents, and the analysis of time series. Examples from biology, mechanics, and other fields. Prerequisite: either AMATH 502 or permission of instructor. Offered: Sp, odd years.

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**AMATH 579 Intelligent Control through Learning and Optimization (3)**

Design or near-optimal controllers for complex dynamical systems, using analytical techniques, machine learning, and optimization. Topics from deterministic and stochastic optimal control, reinforcement learning and dynamic programming, numerical optimization in the context of control, and robotics. Prerequisite: vector calculus; linear algebra; MATLAB. Offered: jointly with CSE 579.

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**AMATH 581 Scientific Computing (5)**

Project-oriented computational approach to solving problems arising in the physical/engineering sciences, finance/economics, medical, social, and biological sciences. Problems requiring use of advanced MATLAB routines and toolboxes. Covers graphical techniques for data presentation and communication of scientific results. Prerequisite: either a course in numerical analysis or permission of instructor.

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**AMATH 582 Computational Methods for Data Analysis (5)**

Exploratory and objective data analysis methods applied to the physical, engineering, and biological sciences. Brief review of statistical methods and their computational implementation for studying time series analysis, spectral analysis, filtering methods, principal component analysis, orthogonal mode decomposition, and image processing and compression. Prerequisite: either MATLAB and linear algebra or permission of instructor. Offered: W.

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**AMATH 583 High-Performance Scientific Computing (5)**

Introduction to hardware, software, and programming for large-scale scientific computing. Overview of multicore, cluster, and supercomputer architectures; procedure and object oriented languages; parallel computing paradigms and languages; graphics and visualization of large data sets; validation and verification; and scientific software development. Prerequisite: linear algebra; programming experience. Offered: Sp.

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**AMATH 584 Applied Linear Algebra and Introductory Numerical Analysis (5)**

Numerical methods for solving linear systems of equations, linear least squares problems, matrix eigen value problems, nonlinear systems of equations, interpolation, quadrature, and initial value ordinary differential equations. Prerequisite: either a course in linear algebra or permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with MATH 584; A.

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**AMATH 585 Numerical Analysis of Boundary Value Problems (5)**

Numerical methods for steady-state differential equations. Two-point boundary value problems and elliptic equations. Iterative methods for sparse symmetric and non-symmetric linear systems: conjugate-gradients, preconditioners. Prerequisite: either AMATH 581, AMATH 584/MATH 584, or permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with MATH 585; W.

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**AMATH 586 Numerical Analysis of Time Dependent Problems (5)**

Numerical methods for time-dependent differential equations, including explicit and implicit methods for hyperbolic and parabolic equations. Stability, accuracy, and convergence theory. Spectral and pseudospectral methods. Prerequisite: either AMATH 581, AMATH 584/MATH 584, AMATH 585/MATH 585, or permission of instructor. Offered: jointly with ATM S 581/MATH 586; Sp.

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**AMATH 590 Special Topics (1-5, max. 30)**

Topics of current interest in applied mathematics. Offered: AWSpS.

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**AMATH 600 Independent Research or Study (*-)**

Credit/no-credit only.

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**AMATH 601 Internship (1-10, max. 30)**

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**AMATH 700 Master's Thesis (*-)**

Credit/no-credit only.

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**AMATH 800 Doctoral Dissertation (*-)**

Credit/no-credit only.

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