Introduction to elementary solid-state concepts in materials, free electrons, and band theories. Principles to conduction in metals, insulators, semiconductors, and applications of semiconductors and devices. Prerequisite: MSE, 170, MSE 331. Offered: W.
Introduction to elementary solid-state concepts in materials, free electrons, and band theories. Principles of conduction in metals, insulators, and semiconductors. Applications of semiconductors and devices.
Student learning goals
Predict general trends of the materials properties based on the electron configuration, type of bonding, and arrangement of the elements in the periodic table.
Describe how the energy bands are formed in solid materials, and be able to read specific characteristics of the energy band diagram (Fermi energy level, band width, band gap, density of state, etc.), and describe the basic electronic properties of materials.
Estimate approximate values of the electrical conductivity for different types of materials. Be able to predict the order of magnitude of electrical conductivity of typical materials, such as quartz, Teflon, intrinsic Si, doped Si, Cu, Au, diamond, graphite, etc.
Describe how the metal-semiconductor and the p-n junction work. Describe the design concept for semiconductor junction fabrication.
Describe working principle and basic mechanisms of field effect transistors.
General method of instruction
Class assignments and grading