How and why has Europe evolved into a “security community” where the prospect of waging war against one another has become unthinkable? This course examines the transformation of Europe from a zone of conflict to a zone of peace, as seen from different perspectives within Europe, and in contrast to other zones of peace.
Who were the architects of cooperation through trade as a path to peace? As European collaboration developed into new partnerships, why do some Europeans resist common security policies? What is the legacy of past choices (NATO, WEU, non-alignment, neutrality) on building a common framework for securing borders? Students will examine the limits and possibilities of partnership around the idea of common security in Europe.
Student learning goals
Students will compare and contrast alternative ways Europeans (Scandinavia, the Continent, the Mediterranean, the Baltics, Central Europe, the UK) advocate securing the peace in distinct phases of European integration; and in response to new, post-territorial threats.
Students will map changes in government preferences, and critical phases in the evolution of common EU security policies. Those societies that have “opted out” of EU membership (Switzerland and Norway) will be compared as alternative paths to keeping the peace through neutrality defined by international law (Swiss), and in awarding the Nobel Peace Prize (Norway).
General method of instruction
Previous coursework in international relations, European Studies or history is recommended.
Class assignments and grading
Mid-term Examination 40% Class Participation 10% Final Paper 50% Students will submit a final paper analyzing how and why Europe seeks a common security identity, and compare and contrast alternative pathways to peacemaking.