Bruce W Hevly
Organization and pursuit of the physical and astrophysical sciences, focusing on the major unifying principles of physics and astronomy and the social and cultural settings in which they were created. Offered: jointly with HIST 313.
An intellectual history of physics and astrophysics in the nineteenth and twentieth century, focusing on the ways in which the structures and content of the sciences have been shaped by cultural contexts; also by relationships of physics to industry, politics, and war.
After considering the establishment of and the controversies over Newtonianism in the eighteenth century, and the emergence of an experimental program covering heat, light, electricity and magnetism, the course focuses on the period from 1800 (when electric current became widely available and manageable)until the 1970s. The course is comparative between the contexts of Germany, France, Britain, and the United States.
Student learning goals
Students will have control of a basic narrative of the history of physics and astrophysics in Europe from 1800 to the 1970s, including cosmology, spectroscopy, electricity and magnetism, gravity, geophysics, thermodynamics, atomic and nuclear physics.
Students will be able to recognize and construct(or reproduce) contextual arguments concerning the history of physics.
Students will understand the use of philosophy to provide milestones in the history of science.
Students will understand the concepts of internalist and externalist explanations in the history of physics, and the grounds on which such explanations have been superseded in the work of historians of science.
Students will practice writing history essays, interpreting primary sources and integrating the work of other historians.
Students will understand how institutions and cultures exemplify the historian's idea of context.
General method of instruction
Lectures, with class discussions as supplement.
No prior preparation in history or physics is required or expected. This is an introductory course. Students with advanced preparation in physics or astronomy can be accomodated with more technically challenging materials.
Class assignments and grading
This course is structured around lectures and critical readings of a series of primary and secondary sources. Grades to be assigned based on exams (essay and short answer), and a series of writing assignments.
Two short essays; weekly short-answer assignments; two take-home midterm exams; a two-hour final exam scheduled per the University examination schedule.