Gary J. Witherspoon
Current research and readings in American Indian Studies content areas.
I am committed to making this a different kind of course. University education gives too much priority to narrative text and not enough to visual imagery. I want this class to balance some of that imbalance. That is why there are few assigned readings and no textbooks, no written exams and no usual research or term papers for this class. I presume that your enrollment in this class indicates your interest in and willingness to make an equivalent commitment to this class that emphasizes visual thought, expression and creativity. That is why we have visual homework instead of assigned readings, and why I ask you to do visual projects rather than the usual research or term papers.
This is not a course in film criticism, but is instead oriented toward film and visual creation. As a comparison with the field of art, this is more of a studio art class instead of a course in art history or art criticism. We will study the history and theories of visual anthropology and visual expression, but this is done for the purpose of learning how to create better films and better visual art.
Student learning goals
General method of instruction
Lectures, presentations and discussion will emphasize the history of visual ethnography, as well as contemporary efforts in the areas of visual thought, visual expression and visual creativity. The first four weeks will focus on the history (up to and including the present) of visual ethnography. The next three weeks cover my own experience and creations in the area of ethnographic film. The last three weeks focus on student presentations of their visual projects.
Interest in creating a visual ethnographic project, usually that means a video, a Power Point or Keynote slide presentation, with an emphasis on visual content (graphic arts, photographs, video, animation, etc.). The topics and the content of the visual project are wide open with two exceptions. The projects should have something to do with anthropology broadly defined. Basically that means it should have something to do with people or peoples, culture or cultures. This includes all sub-disciplines of anthropology (physical, archaeology, linguistics and cultural anthropology). The other expectation is that it should have significant visual content. That visual content can be the imagery of art, graphics, photography and/or moving pictures (film and video). It does not have to have anything to do with American Indians or American Indian cultures or histories, but it certainly can deal with these subjects.
There are two other general expectations. To the extent possible and appropriate, it should include original work by you. That means that if you are doing a photographic project, I would expect, in most cases, some if not most of the photographs to be photos taken by you. If you are doing a video project, I would expect some of the footage to be original work taken by you. This does not mean that you cannot or should not use photographs, illustrations and video taken by others. You must, however, give proper credit when you use the work of other people just like you must document quotes and sources when you use ideas and writings of others. These are usually done at the end of your productions. Not only do I prefer you to do some of your own work, I would like to see you handle some of the equipment yourself. That is why I have told you about sources of equipment you can check out and use. Video and audio recording equipment, as well as editing equipment, are available to students on the fourth floor of the Communications building.
Undergraduates are permitted in the class.
Class assignments and grading
Course Requirements and Expectations: 1) Attend seminar and participate in discussions. 2) View all assignments before class to prepare you to discuss the works and issues raised in the seminar. 3) Create a visual project for the seminar and present it in class sometime during the last three weeks of class, and turn in a hard copy of the project in to me by the last day of class. 4) There will be no written exams, only a few required readings and no written papers due, but I am very serious about the three requirements above. The projects can utilize written texts and oral narration, but they should have a visual emphasis and expression.
Grades for the course are based on participation in the seminar, doing assignments and creating and presenting a visual project.