UW Research
Single Patient Emergency Use

HSD Data and Reports

Total Turnaround Time for New Study Applications in Zipline

Time period

November 1, 2016 – March 31, 2018 (17 months)

Total turnaround time

Calendar days from the time when the researcher clicks on the SUBMIT button in Zipline until a HSD staff person clicks on SUBMIT to send the approval or determination letter. Median is a type of average. It is the value that lies at the midpoint of the frequency distribution of turnaround times. In other words, the turnaround time for 50% of the applications was below the median, and turnaround time for 50% of the applications was above the median.

Comparative paper data

From the one year prior to implementation of Zipline.

Total Turnaround Time

Type Statistic Paper Zipline
Determinations Median not available 5
N=505 Range not available 0 – 436
Exemption   40% ↓ Median 10 6
N=1096 Range 0 – 119 0 – 206
Minimal risk   35% ↓ Median 34 22
N=955 Range 0 – 268 0 – 261
Full IRB review   9% ↓ Median 87 79
N=105 Range 17 – 333 17 – 392

*Does not include “conversion” applications for paper-based applications but includes all other applications received since Zipline started. Paper times have been converted from the previous “business days” format to the Zipline “calendar days” format.

Turnaround Time: On whose desk?

The IRB review process usually involves some “back and forth” between the research team and HSD/the IRB. Total turnaround time is the combination of:

  1. The amount of time an application is on HSD’s of the IRB’s “desk” (for example, while a review letter is being written), PLUS
  2. The amount of time an application is on the researcher’s “desk” (for example, while the researcher is preparing a response to the IRB’s review letter).

Turnaround time: On whose desk?

from application submission to issuance of approval
Type Statistic Researcher HSD/IRB
Determinations
N = 505
Median days
low, high
0
0 – 424
5
0 – 64
  % of total 0% 100%
Exemption
N = 1096
Median days
low, high
1
0 – 196
5
0 – 70
  % of total 2% 98%
Minimal risk
N = 955
Median days
low, high
6
0 – 251
13
0 – 107
  % of total 34% 66%
Full IRB review
N = 105
Median days
low, high
30
1 – 288
48
16 – 127
  % of total 35% 65%