Lesson 1: HTML Syntax


HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. HTML is the language that has historically been used to create documents on the web. It is plain text, but includes a variety of codes or "tags" that define the structure of the document, and allow documents to include headings, paragraphs, images, links, lists, tables, and other features.

HTML has undergone various revisions over the years. Some tags have become deprecated, or old-fashioned, when new versions of HTML are developed. The latest version of HTML, and the version taught in the course, is HTML5 (see the earlier lesson on Web Standards for a refresher on the various versions of HTML).

Learner Outcomes

At the completion of this exercise:


  1. Look over the Common HTML Tags page and carefully examine the common elements.
  2. Referring to the Common HTML Tags page, record your responses to the following questions:
    1. What are the only two required tags in an HTML5 web page?
    2. What is the first tag that must appear at the top of every HTML5 web page?
    3. What are the two main sections of an HTML document?
    4. Which element serves as a container for all the visible content of a web page?
    5. Which of the new HTML5 semantic elements serves as a container for the navigation menu?
    6. Which element is used to identify the main heading on a page?
    7. Which element is used to add an image to a page?

Resources/Online Documents

All done?

After you have recorded your responses to the above activity, show your instructor your response before starting Lesson 2.