Social Suffering and South Asian Narratives
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Who has the right to speak about trauma? As cultural products, narratives of social suffering paradoxically release us from responsibility while demanding that we examine our own connectedness to the circumstances that produce suffering. As a result, the text's act of "speaking havoc" rebounds in unsettling ways.
- Published: 2005
- Subject Listing: Trauma Studies, Asian Studies, Literary Studies
- Bibliographic information: 256 pp., 3 illus., 6 x 9 in.
- Series: Literary Conjugations
Speaking Havoc investigates how literary and cinematic fictions intervene in the politics and reception of social suffering. Amitav Ghosh's modernist novel The Shadow Lines (1988), A Fine Balance (1995) by Rohinton Mistry, the short stories of Saadat Hasan Manto, Salman Rushdie's postmodernist novel Shame (1983), and the "spectacular" films of Maniratnam: each bears witness to social violence in South Asia. These works confront squarely a number of ethical dilemmas in representations of social suffering - the catastrophes and innumerable minor tragedies that arise from clashes among religious and ethnic communities.
Focusing on central events such as the Partition of 1947, the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984, and more recent religious conflicts between India and Pakistan, Nagappan demonstrates the differing ways that narratives engage - often in ambiguous and problematic ways - the political violence that has marked the last fifty years of South Asian history. Is it possible to tell fully the stories of those who have died and those who have survived? Can writing really act as a counter to silence? In his compassionate engagement with these concerns, Nagappan demonstrates the relevance of literature and literary studies to fundamental sociological, anthropological, and political issues.
With its interdisciplinary scope, historical perspective, and lucid style, Speaking Havoc is destined to become a foundational text for scholars of South Asian studies and postcolonial and cultural studies, and for readers interested in trauma and social suffering as well as in the literature, films, and histories that take this field as their topic.
Ramu Nagappan is an instructor and coordinator of Interdisciplinary Studies in Medicine and the Humanities in the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco.
Introduction: Who Owns Suffering?
1. Writing and Redemption
2. The Argument of Fiction
3. Murderous Fictions
4. The Momentary Pleasures of Reconcilation