Wiyaxayxt / Wiyaakaa'awn / As Days Go By
Our History, Our Land, Our People - The Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla
Edited by Jennifer Karson
This book represents a new vista, looking past the days when there were two distinct groups-those who were studied and those who studied them. This history of the Umatilla, Cayuse, and Walla Walla people had its beginnings in October 2000, when elders sat side by side with native students and native and non-native scholars to compare notes on tribal history and culture. Through this collaborative process, tribal members of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation have taken on their own historical retellings, drawing on the scholarship of non-Indians as a useful tool and external resource.
- Published: August 2015
- Subject Listing: Language; Native American and Indigenous Studies
- Bibliographic information: 320 pp., 50 illus., 6 x 9 in.
- Territorial rights: World Rights
- Published with: Oregon Historical Society Press and Tamastslikt Cultural Institute
Primary to this history are native voices telling their own story. Beginning with ancient teachings and traditions, moving to the period of first contact with Euro-Americans, the Treaty council, war, and the reservation period, and then to today's modern tribal governance and the era of self-determination, the tribal perspective takes center stage. Throughout, readers will see continuity in the culture and in ways of life that have been present from the earliest times, all on the same landscape.
Wiyaxayxt (Columbia River Sahaptin) and Wiyaakaa'awn (Nez Perce) can be interpreted to mean "as the days go by," "day by day," or "daily living." They represent the meaning of the English term "history" in two of the common languages still spoken on the Umatilla Indian Reservation.
Jennifer Karson is publications coordinator at the Tamastslikt Cultural Institute in Pendleton, Oregon, and is a doctoral candidate in social anthropology at the University of Texas at Austin.
List of Contributors
Foreword, by Alvin M. Josephy, Jr.
As Days Go By - An Introduction, by Debra Croswell
Tamanwit, by Thomas Morning Owl
Oral Traditions of the Natitaytma, by Philip E. Cash Cash
Early Contact and Incursion, 1700-1850, by Roberta Conner and William L. Lang
Wars, Treaties, and the Beginning of Reservation Life, by Antone Minthorn
Through Change and Transition: Treaty Commitments Made and Broken, by Ronald J. Pond and Daniel W. Hester
The Beginning of Modern Tribal Governance and Enacting Sovereignty, by Charles F. Luce and William Johnson
Self-Determination and Recovery, by John David Tovey, Jr. and friends of the late Michael J. Farrow
Other Important Events in Contemporary Tribal History
Epilogue: Asserting Sovereignty into the Future, by Donald Sampson
Photographs and Credits