The Great Ming Code / Da Ming lu

Translated and introduced by Jiang Yonglin

  • Published: 2005. Paperback 2014
  • Subject Listing: Asian Studies / China; Law
  • Bibliographic information: 416 pp., 6 x 9 in.
  • Territorial rights: World Rights
  • Series: Asian Law Series
  • Contents

Imperial China's dynastic legal codes provide a wealth of information for historians, social scientists, and scholars of comparative law and of literary, cultural, and legal history. Until now, only the Tang (618-907 C.E.) and Qing (1644-1911 C.E.) codes have been available in English translation. The present book is the first English translation of The Great Ming Code (Da Ming lu), which reached its final form in 1397. The translation is preceded by an introductory essay that places the Code in historical context, explores its codification process, and examines its structure and contents. A glossary of Chinese terms is also provided.

One of the most important law codes in Chinese history, The Great Ming Code represents a break with the past, following the alien-ruled Yuan (Mongol) dynasty, and the flourishing of culture under the Ming, the last great Han-ruled dynasty. It was also a model for the Qing code, which followed it, and is a fundamental source for understanding Chinese society and culture. The Code regulated all the perceived major aspects of social affairs, aiming at the harmony of political, economic, military, familial, ritual, international, and legal relations in the empire and cosmic relations in the universe. The all-encompassing nature of the Code makes it an encyclopedic document, providing rich materials on Ming history. Because of the pervasiveness of legal proceedings in the culture generally, the Code has relevance far beyond the specialized realm of Chinese legal studies. The basic value system and social norms that the Code imposed became so thoroughly ingrained in Chinese society that the Manchus, who conquered China and established the Qing dynasty, chose to continue the Code in force with only minor changes.

The Code made a considerable impact on the legal cultures of other East Asian countries: Yi dynasty Korea, Le dynasty Vietnam, and late Tokugawa and early Meiji Japan. Examining why and how some rules in the Code were adopted and others rejected in these countries will certainly enhance our understanding of the shared culture and indigenous identities in East Asia.
Jiang Yonglin is assistant professor of history at Oklahoma State University.

"Anyone who wants to get an overview of the important landmarks of law over the broad sweep of Chinese history will want to consult this work. There is no alternative in a Western language for scholars to use."
-James V. Feinerman, James M. Morita Professor of Asian Legal Studies, Georgetown University Law Center

"Useful for historians as well as legal scholars because it supplies a missing link between the translations of the Tang and Qing codes."
-John W. Dardess, University of Kansas

Note on the Translation
Ming Units of Measure and Money
Introduction: The Making of The Great Ming Code

The Great Ming Code
The Imperial Preface to The Great Ming Code

1. Laws on Punishments and General Principles
2. Laws on Personnel
3. Laws on Revenue
4. Laws on Rituals
5. Laws on Military Affairs
6. Laws on Penal Affairs
7. Laws on Public Works

General Index

"The general reader as well as the specialist can be grateful for the Jiang volume, an eminently readable treasure of Chinese culture, society, and values at the end of the fourteenth century."
-Journal of Asian History