Confinement and Ethnicity

An Overview of World War II Japanese American Relocation Sites

Jeffery F. Burton, Mary M. Farrell, Florence B. Lord, and Richard W. Lord
Foreword by Tetsuden Kashima

  • $30.00s paperback (9780295981567) Add to Cart
  • hardcover not available
  • Published: 2002
  • Subject Listing: Asian American Studies
    Western History
  • Bibliographic information: 472 pp., 926 illus., 11 x 8 in.
  • Series: Scott and Laurie Oki Series in Asian American Studies
  • Contents

Confinement and Ethnicity documents in unprecedented detail the various facilities in which persons of Japanese descent living in the western United States were confined during World War II: the fifteen "assembly centers" run by the U.S. Army's Wartime Civil Control Administration, the ten "relocation centers" created by the War Relocation Authority, and the internment camps, penitentiaries, and other sites under the jurisdiction of the Justice and War Departments. Originally published as a report of the Western Archeological and Conservation Center of the National Park Service, it is now reissued in a corrected edition, with a new Foreword by Tetsuden Kashima, associate professor of American ethnic studies at the University of Washington.

Based on archival research, field visits, and interviews with former residents, Confinement and Ethnicity provides an overview of the architectural remnants, archeological features, and artifacts remaining at the various sites. Included are numerous maps, diagrams, charts, and photographs. Historic images of the sites and their inhabitants - including several by Dorothea Lange and Ansel Adams - are combined with photographs of present-day settings, showing concrete foundations, fence posts, inmate-constructed drainage ditches, and foundations and parts of buildings, as well as inscriptions in Japanese and English written or scratched on walls and rocks. The result is a unique and poignant treasure house of information for former residents and their descendants, for Asian American and World War II historians, and for anyone interested in the facts about what the authors call these "sites of shame."
Foreword by Tetsuden Kashima
Sites of Shame: An Introduction
To Undo a Mistake is Always harder Than Not to Create One Originally
A Brief History of Japanese American Relocation During World War II
Gila River Relocation Center, Arizona
Granada Relocation Center, Colorado
Heart Mountain Relocation Center, Wyoming
Jerome Relocation Center, Arkansas
Manzanar Relocation Center, California
Minidoka Relocation Center, Idaho
Poston Relocation Center, Arizona
Rohwer Relocation Center, Arkansas
Topaz Relocation Center, Utah
Tule Lake Relocation Center, California
Citizen Isolation Centers
- Moab, Utah
- Leupp, Arizona
Additional War Relocation Authority Facilities
- Antelope Springs, Utah
- Cow Creek, Death Vally, California
- Tulelake, California
Assembly Centers
- Fresno, California
- Marysville, California
- Mayer, Arizona
- Merced, California
- Pinedale, California
- Pomona, California
- Portland, Oregon
- Puyallup, Washington
- Sacramento, California
- Salinas, California
- Santa Anita, California
- Stockton, California
- Tanforan, California
- Tulare, California
- Turlock, California
Department of Justice and U.S. Army Facilities
- Temporary Detention Stations
- Department of Justice Internment Camps
- - Crystal City Internment Cam, Texas
- - Kenedy Internment Center, Texas
- - Kooskia Internment Camp, Idaho
- - Fort Lincoln, North Dakota
- - Fort Missoula, Montana
- - Fort Stanton, New Mexico
- - Sante Fe, New Mexico
- - Seagoville, Texas
- U.S. Army Facilities
- - Camp Lordsburg, New Mexico
- - Fort Sill, Oklahoma
- - Stringtown, Oklahoma
- - Alaska and Hawaii
- - Other U.S. Army Sites
Federal Bureau of Prisons
- Catalina Federal Honor Camp, Arizona
- Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary, Kansas
- McNeil Island Federal Penitentiary, Washington
References Cited
Appendix A: Relocation Center Drawings in Records Group 210, National Archives, Cartographic Division
Appendix B: Tule Lake Relocation Center Drawings at the Bureau of Reclamation, Klamath Falls Office
Appendix C: Selected Relocation Center Blueprints

"No other book published so far includes all the different places covered here; nor do other books so thoroughly cover the minutiae of the internees' daily life, including the raising of livestock and crops. The structures and artifacts remaining at each site are also documented, and the text is rounded out by historic and contemporary photographs, maps, diagrams, charts, tables, architectural drawings, and other information drawn from archives, reports, and memoirs. The result is a valuable and poignant study."
-Library Journal