Academic Careers and the Gender Gap

Maureen Baker

  • Published: 2012. Paperback 2013
  • Subject Listing: Health
  • Bibliographic information: 216 pp., 6 x 9 in.
  • Territorial rights: US rights only
  • Distributed for: UBC Press
  • Contents

Women earn nearly half of all new PhDs in Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. Why, then, do they occupy a disproportionate number of the junior-level university positions while men occupy 80 percent of the more prestigious jobs? In Academic Careers and the Gender Gap, Maureen Baker draws on candid interviews with male and female scholars, previous research, and her own thirty-eight-year academic career to explain the reasons behind this inequality. She argues that current university priorities and collegial relations often magnify the impact of gendered families and identities and perpetuate the gender gap. Tracing the evolution of university priorities and practices, Baker reveals significant and persistent differences in job security, working hours, rank, salary, job satisfaction, and career length between male and female scholars.
Maureen Baker is a professor of sociology at theUniversity of Auckland in New Zealand.

"Maureen Baker argues that despite the progress made in improving women's career chances in academia, women still come second to men on a range of indicators. Her ambitious book is an unusual and welcome exercise in comparative sociology and higher education, featuring Canada and New Zealand, where she has conducted original research, but set in a wider context of Australia, the UK, and the USA. This study by a leading sociologist has strong policy implications and should appeal to academics, doctoral students, administrators, and managers working in universities."
-Sandra Acker, Professor Emerita, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto
Preface and Acknowledgments

1 Setting the Scene

2 Gendered Patterns of Education, Work, and Family Life

3 University Restructuring and Global Markets

4 Social Capital and Gendered Responses to University Practices

5 Gendered Families and the Motherhood Penalty

6 Subjectivities and the Gender Gap

7 Explaining the Academic Gender Gap

Methodological Appendix