Stories of Exile and Belonging
Winner of a 2004 Washington State Book Award
- Published: April 2013
- Subject Listing: Northwest History
- Bibliographic information: 464 pp., 44 illus., 6 x 9 in.
Winner of a 2004 Alpha Sigma Nu (ASN) Jesuit Book Award
In 1893, the Washington State legislature quietly began passing a set of laws that essentially made homosexuality, and eventually even the discussion of homosexuality, a crime. A century later Mike Lowry became the first governor of the state to address the annual lesbian and gay pride rally in Seattle. Gay Seattle traces the evolution of Seattle's gay community in those 100 turbulent years, telling through a century of stories how gays and lesbians have sought to achieve a sense of belonging in Seattle.
Gary Atkins recounts the demonization of gays by social crusaders around the turn of the century, the earliest prosecutions for sodomy, the official harassment and discrimination through most of the twentieth century, and the medical discrimination and commitment to mental hospitals that continued into the 1970s as homosexuality was diagnosed as a disease that could be "cured."
Places of refuge from this imposed social exile were created in underground theater and dance clubs: the Gold Rush-era burlesque shows, modern drag theater, and in mid-century the emergence of openly gay bars, from the Casino to Shelley's Leg. Many of these were subjected to steady exploitation by corrupt police - until bar owner MacIver Wells and two Seattle Times reporters exposed the racket.
The increasingly public presence of gays in Seattle was accompanied by the gradual coalescence of social services and self-help organizations such as the Dorian Society, gay businesses and advocacy groups including the Greater Seattle Business Association, and the stormy relationship between the Vatican, Seattle's Catholic hierarchy, and gay worshippers.
Atkins' narrative reveals the complex and often frustrating process of claiming a civic life, showing how gays and lesbians have engaged in a multilayered struggle for social acceptance against the forces of state and city politics, the police, the media, and public opinion. The emergence of mainstream political activism in the 1970s, and ultimately the election of Cal Anderson and other openly gay officials to the state legislature and city council, were momentous events, yet shadowed by the devastating rise of AIDS and its effect on the homosexual community as a whole.
These stories of exile and belonging draw on numerous original interviews as well as case studies of individuals and organizations that played important roles in the history of Seattle's gay and lesbian community. Collectively, they are a powerful testament to the endurance and fortitude of this minority community, revealing the ways a previously hidden sexual minority "comes out" as a people and establishes a public presence in the face of challenges from within and without.
Gary Atkins is associate professor of communication at Seattle University.
"Gay Seattle covers much of the past century, and the post-1950s history in quite useful detail. It offers the first published account of the formation of gay and lesbian political organizations in the city. The city's gay history is distinctive owing to the port influence and the notorious police protection system that Atkins explores very effectively. This is fine regional history, reflecting extensive archival research, as well as interviews. It also is impressively well written."
-Roger Simpsonco, author of An Evening at the Garden of Allah: A Gay Cabaret in Seattle
List of Illustrations
Introduction to the Paperback Edition
Part One: IMAGINING AN EXILE
Prologue: From Exile to Belonging
1. The Law: Sodomy on the Mudflat
2. Mental Health: The Psychiatric Pick
Part Two: CREATING REFUGES
3. New Saloons and Vaudeville
4. Stirrings of Resistance
5. Is Dance the Enemy?
6. Crossing Over: Challenging the Police
Part Three: CLAIMING A CIVIC LIFE
7. Robert's Rules and Gay Liberation
8. Chautauquas of Feminism and Lesbianism
9. Pulpits for Healing
10. At the Dance: A New Leg
11. Confronting a Police Crackdown
12. Insiders at City Hall: The Rhetoric of Privacy
13. At the Capitol: Limited Conversation
14. Initiative Thirteen: Coming Together, Learning to Persuade
15. On Broadway: Creating Markets and Parades
16. On Catholic Hill: The Clash of Dogma and Ministry
17. At the Hospital: A Plague Arrives
18. Becoming Compassion
19. Cal's Conscience
Epilogue: On the Hill