PACIFIC NORTHWEST QUARTERLY
— SELECTED ARTICLES BY TOPIC


Airplanes & Aviation
Agriculture & Reclamation

Alaska
Architecture & City Building
Arts & Literature
Business
Canada
Community & Celebration

Crime & Punishment
Education & Libraries

Environment
Exploration
Health & Medicine
Historiography
HBC & Fur Trade

Idaho
Indians
Infrastructure
International Relations
Labor

Logging
Maritime
Military & Forts
Mining
Montana
Newspapers
Oregon
Pioneers, Settlement, & Migration
Politics & Law
Race & Ethnicity

Railroads
Ranching & Livestock
Regionalism
Religion
Science & Technology
Sports & Recreation
Tourism & Boosterism

Washington
Water
Women & Gender


Airplanes & Aviation

"Boeing Aircraft Company's Manpower Campaign during World War II," Polly Reed Myers, 98:4.

"Boeing as a Start-up Company, 1915-1917," Paul Spitzer, 95:3.

"The Boeing Company and the Military-Metropolitan-Industrial Complex, 1945-1953," Richard S. Kirkendall, 85:4.

"The Boeing Story," Mrs. Sutton Gustison, 45:2.

"Seattle's First Aviators and Their Claims to a New Province of the Sky," Paul G. Spitzer, 92:2.

"West Coast Labor and the Military Aircraft Industry, 1935-1941," Jacob Vander Meulen, 88:2.


Agriculture & Reclamation (See also Water for Irrigation)

"Agriculture in Eastern Washington," Robert C. Nesbit & Charles M. Gates, 37:4.

"The Alaskan Agricultural Empire: An American Agrarian Vision, 1898-1929," James R. Shortridge, 69:4.

"Big-Hitch Wheat Farming in Eastern Washington: A Personal Account," Edward C. Whitley, 78:1/2.

"The Brown Farm on the Nisqually Delta, 1904-1919: A Photographic Essay," Mark Nielsen, 71:4.

"The Bureau of Reclamation and the New Deal, 1933–1940," Donald C. Swain, 61:3.

"The Carey Act in Idaho, 1895-1925: An Experiment in Free Enterprise Reclamation," Hugh T. Lovin, 78:4.

"The Evolution of an Industry: The Dairy Economy of Tillamook County, Oregon," Oliver H. Heintzelman, 49:2.

"Early Agricultural Settlements in Southern Idaho," Leslie L. Sudweeks, 28:2.

"'The Early Morning of Yakima's Day of Greatness': The Yakima County Agricultural Boom of 1905-1911," G. Thomas Edwards, 73:2.

"The Evaluation of the Agricultural Potential of Alaska, 1867-1897," James R. Shortridge, 68:2.

"The Farm Labor Problem in Washington," 1917-18, Carl F. Reuss, 34:4.

"Farmers and Wobblies in the Yakima Valley, 1933," James G. Newbill, 68:2.

"A 'Farm-in-a-Day': The Publicity Stunt and the Celebrations That Initiated the Columbia Basin Project," Paul C. Pitzer, 82:1.

"Federal Intervention and Irrigated Farming at King Hill," Hugh T. Lovin, 94:2.

"Grange Attitudes in Washington, 1889-1896," Harriet P. Crawford, 30:3.

"Idaho's White Elephant: The King Hill Tracts and the United States Reclamation Service," Hugh T. Lovin, 83:1.

"LaSalle Street Capitalists, Charles Hammett, and Irrigated Farming at King Hill," Hugh T. Lovin, 98:1.

"The Montana Farmers Union and the Cold War, 1945-1954," William C. Pratt, 83:2.

"The New Settlers of the Yakima Project, 1880-1910," C. Brewster Coulter, 61:1.

"Remaking the Palouse: Farming, Capitalism, and Environmental Change, 1825-1914," Andrew P. Duffin, 95:4.

"Rufus Woods, Wenatchee, and the Columbia Basin Reclamation Vision," Robert E. Ficken, 87:2.

"Thinning, Topping, and Loading: Japanese Americans and Beet Sugar in World War II," Louis Fiset, 90:3.

"The U and I Sugar Company in Washington," Leonard Arrington, 57:3.

"Wheat Sacks Out to Sea: The Early Export Trade from the Walla Walla Country," Donald W. Meinig, 45:1.

"Wobblies on the Farm: The IWW in the Yakima Valley," Cletus E. Daniel, 65:4.


Alaska (See also Alaskan Natives)

"Alaska and the Federal Aid Highway Acts," Claus-M. Naske, 82:4.

"The Alaska Commercial Company: The Formative Years," Molly Lee, 89:2.

"Alaska Ice, Inc.," E. L. Keithahn, 36:2.

"The Alaskan Agricultural Empire: An American Agrarian Vision, 1898–1929," James R. Shortridge, 69:4.

"The Alaska Railroad and Coal: Development of a Federal Policy, 1914–1939," William H. Wilson, 73:2.

"Alaska's Connection: The Alcan Highway," Griffith H. Williams, 76:2.

"Alaska's Search for a Usable Past," Jeannette P. Nichols, 59:2.

"Alaska Under the Russians—Industry, Trade, and Social Life," C. L. Andrews, 7:4

"Alaska Whaling," Clarence L. Andrews, 9:1.

"Alaskan Indian Wage Earners in the 19th Century: Economic Choices and Ethnic Identity on Southeast Alaska's Frontier," Victoria Wyatt, 78:1/2.

"An Auto in the Wilderness: Dr. Percival's 1911 Alaska-Yukon Drive," James H. Ducker, 90:2.

"Background on the Purchase of Alaska," Victor J. Farrar, 13:2.

"Bering's Successors, 1745-1780: Contributions of Peter Simon Pallas to the History of Russian Exploration Toward Alaska," James R. Masterson & Helen Brower, 38:1/2.

"Bob Bartlett and the Alaska Mental Health Act," Claus-M. Naske, 71:1.

"The Case of Vuco Perovich," Claus-M. Naske, 78:1/2.

"Christopher C. Shea, 'King of Skagway': Progressive Era Mayor and Game Warden in Alaska," Catherine Holder Spude, 99:1.

"Controlling the Periphery: The Territorial Administration of the Yukon and Alaska, 1867-1959," Ken Coates, 78:4.

"Detaining the Insane: Detention Hospitals, Mental Health, and Frontier Politics in Alaska, 1910-1915," Thomas G. Smith, 73:3.

"Early Cuttermen in Alaskan Waters," Dennis L. Noble & Truman R. Strobridge, 78:3.

"Emmons of Alaska," David E. Conrad, 69:2

"Ernest Walker Sawyer and Alaska: The Dilemma of Northern Economic Development," Terrence M. Cole, 82:2.

"Ernest Gruening and Alaska Native Claims," Claus-M. Naske, 82:4.

"The Evaluation of the Agricultural Potential of Alaska, 1867-1897," James R. Shortridge, 68:2.

"Exploring the Copper River Country," James W. VanStone, 46:4.

"The Final Cruise: Depression Era Teachers Journey North of the Arctic Circle," Rhoda M. Love, 96:4.

"The Founding of Anchorage: Federal Townbuilding on the Last Frontier," William H. Wilson, 58:3.

"The Frontier in Alaska and the Matanuska Colony: Two Reviews," George Sundborg and Stephen Haycox, 67:3.

"Gold Rushers North: A Census Study of the Yukon and Alaskan Gold Rushes, 1896-1900," James H. Ducker, 85:3.

"A Historical Survey of the Matanuska Valley Settlement in Alaska," Clarence C. Hulley, 40:4.

"Joseph Lane McDonald and the Purchase of Alaska," Victor J. Farrar, 12:2.

"Liquor Smuggling in Alaska, 1867-1899," Roland L. De Lorme, 66:4.

"No Place for 'Little Children, and Tender, Pulpy People': John Muir in Alaska," Hal Crimmel, 92:4.

"The Nome Gold Conspiracy," Andrea R. C. Helms & Mary Childers Mangusso, 73:1.

"Pulp, Paper, and Alaska," David C. Smith, 66:2.

"'Races of a Questionable Ethnical Type': Origins of the Jurisdiction of the U.S. Bureau of Education in Alaska, 1867-1885," Stephen Haycox, 75:4.

"Raymond Robins in Alaska: The Conversion of a Progressive," Terrence Cole, 72:2.

"The Rise & Decline of the Lebedev-Lastochkin Company: Russian Colonization of South Central Alaska, 1787-1798," Katerina Solovjova & Aleksandra Vovnyanko, 90:4.

"Senator Cole and the Purchase of Alaska," Victor J. Farrar, 14:4.

"A Survey of Alaska, 1743-1799," Frank A. Golder, 4:2.

"The Treatment of the Mentally Ill in Alaska, 1884-1912: A Territorial Study," Thomas G. Smith, 65:1.

"The United States Commissioners in Alaska," Claus-M. Naske, 89:3.

"The United States Frontier at Sitka, 1867-1873," Ted C. Hinckley, 60:2.

"The United States Army Signal Service and Natural History in Alaska, 1874-1883," Michael J. Brodhead, 86:2.

"The Western Federation Comes to Alaska," James C. Foster, 66:4.


Architecture & City Building

"A. B. Chamberlin: the Illustration of Seattle Architecture, 1890-1896," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 81:4.

"Architecture for Seattle Schools, 1880-1900," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner & Dennis Alan Andersen, 83:4.

"A Capitol in Search of an Architect," Norman J. Johnston, 73:1.

"Carl August Darmer: Architect for the City of Destiny," Dennis A. Andersen, 71:1.

"Carl F. Gould: His Planning and Architecture at the University of Washington," T. William Booth & William H. Wilson, 85:3.

"Creating Boise's Capitol Boulevard," J. M. Neil, 92:1.

"Design for a Lumber Town by Bebb and Gould, Architects: A World War I Project in Washington's Wilderness," T. William Booth, 82:4.

"Early Architecture in the Northwest," Thomas R. Garth, Jr., 38:3.

"Frank Lloyd Wright Houses in the Seattle Area," Donald Leslie Johnson, 88:1.

"The Frederick Law Olmstead Plan for Tacoma," Norman J. Johnston, 66:3.

"Frank Lloyd Wright in the Northwest: The Show, 1931," Donald Leslie Johnson, 78:3.

"Greater Portland: Experiments with Professional Planning, 1905-1925," Carl Abbott, 76:1.

"How 'Arts Assists Nature': The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in the Pacific Northwest Landscape," Thaisa Way. 100:1.

"Meeting the Danger of Fire: Design and Construction in Seattle after 1889," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner & Dennis Alan Andersen, 93:3.

"The Million-Dollar Corner: The Development of Downtown Spokane, 1890-1920," John Fahey, 62:2.

"Modern or Traditional?: Lionel H, Pries and Architectural Education at the University of Washington, 1928-1942," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 96:3.

"Pagoda in Paradise: Clancey Lewis's Craftsman Bungalow and the Contradictions of Modern Life," Janet Ore, 92:3.

"Paris or New York?: The Shaping of Downtown Seattle, 1903-14," J. M. Neil, 75:1.

"Paul Thiry: The Emergence of Modernism in Northwest Architecture," Meredith L. Clausen, 75:3.

"Plan and Pattern Books: Shaping Early Seattle Architecture," Dennis A. Andersen & Katheryn H. Krafft, 85:4.

"Prescriptive Plans for a Healthy Central Business District: Seattle Downtown Design, 1856-1966," Sohyun Park, 98:3.

"The University That Never Was: The 1891 Boone and Wilcox Plan for the University of Washington," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 90:2.

"Victor Steinbrueck Finds His Voice: From the Argus to Seattle Cityscape," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 99:3.

"Willis A. Ritchie: Public Architecture in Washington, 1889-1905," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 87:4.


Arts & Literature

"Alexander Pantages, Theater Magnate of the West," Theodore Saloutos, 57:4.

"Arts Activists and Seattle's Cultural Expansion, 1954-65," Janice Peck, 76:3.

"Crashing Timbers, Ice Floods, and Movie Stars Universal Studies Comes to Klamath Falls," Bill Alley, 96:4.

"Early Spanish Artists on the Northwest Coast," Donald C. Cutter, 54:4.

"Forty Years of Symphony in Seattle, 1903-1943," Edward Sheppard & Emily Johnson, 35:1.

"George Douglas Brewerton: Painter, Historian, and Poet of the Far West," Lewis O. Saum, 94:1.

"Gold Rush Theater: The Theatre Royal, Barkerville, British Columbia," Michael R. Booth, 51:3.

"James Madison Alden: A Yankee Artist in Washington Territory, 1854," George I. Quimby, 69:1.

"John Danz and the Seattle Amusement Trades Strike, 1921-1935," Jonathan Dembo, 71:4.

"The Mirror and the Frame: John Yeon and the Landscape Art of China and Japan," Kevin Nute, 101:2.

"The Mystery of the First Documentary Film," George I. Quimby, 81:2.

"Oregon's Romantic Rebels: John Reed and Charles Erskine Scott Wood," Edwin R. Bingham, 50:3.

"Pacific Northwest Literature--Its Coming of Age," Harold P. Simonson, 71:4.

"The Pioneer Theater in Washington," Bernard Berelson & Howard F. Grant, 28:2.

"'Posers, Parasites, and Pismires': Status Rerum, by James Stevens and H. L. Davis," Warren L. Clare, 61:1.

"The Rodeo Cowboy in Art: A Sampling," Michael Allen, 87:1.

"The "Seattle Spirit" Meets The Alaskan: A Story of Business, Boosterism, and the Arts," Richard H. Engeman, 81:2.

"Something in the Soil? Literature and Regional Identity in the 20th-Century Pacific Northwest," John M. Findlay, 97:4.

"Teng Baiye and Mark Tobey: Interactions between Chinese and American Art in Shanghai and Seattle," David Clarke, 93:4.

"Washington Literature: A Historical Sketch," Lancaster Pollard, 29:3.

"The West in Paperbacks," Herman J. Deutsch, 54:3.

"Writers on Relief: The Making of the Washington Guide, 1935-1941," Ronald W. Taber, 61:4.


Business

"Banking, Mail, and Express Service in British North America: The Role of Wells, Fargo and Company on Vancouver Island and in British Columbia," W. Turrentine Jackson, 76:4.

"Brief History of the Western Union Russian Extension Telegraph," R. R. Haines, 72:3.

"The Business Leaders of Seattle, 1880-1910," Norbert McDonald, 50:1.

"The Concessionaires of Yellowstone National Park: Genesis of a Policy, 1882-1892," Richard A. Bartlett, 74:1.

"Diversification in Montana's Small Business," Henry C. Klassen, 84:3.

"A Historical Sketch of the Economic Development of Washington since Statehood," Charles M. Gates, 39:3.

"History of Pig Iron Manufacture on the Pacific Coast," Joseph Daniels, 17:3.

"A Note on the Dogfish Oil Industry of Washington Territory," Thomas F. Gedosch, 59:2.

"Optimistic Imagination: The Spokane Stock Exchange," John Fahey, 95:3.

"The Oregon Mint," T. Elmer Strevey, 15:4.

"Organization and Finance of the Oregon Iron and Steel Company, 1880-1895," 31:2.

"Pacific Coast Competition for the Gold Camp Trade of Montana," Alton B. Oviatt, 56:4.

"Pioneer Hotel Keepers of Puget Sound," W. B. Seymore, 6:4.

"Pioneer Private Bankers in Washington," N. R. Knight, 25:4.

"Portland and the Alaska Trade," Jonas A. Jonasson, 30:2.

"Pulp, Paper, and Alaska," David C. Smith, 66:2.

"The Shadow of Mormon Cooperation: The Business Policies of Charles Nibley, Western Sugar Magnate in the Early 1900s," Matthew C. Godfrey, 94:3.

"Struggle for Public Ownership: The Early History of the Port of Seattle," Padraic Burke, 68:2.

"Thornton Fleming McElroy---Printer, Politician, Businessman," Elizabeth M. Allison & W. A. Katz, 54:2.

"The Trust Business in Washington, Howard H. Preston, 43:1-2.

"When Big Money Came to Butte: The Migration of Eastern Capital to Montana," K. Ross Toole, 44:1.

"When the Dutch Owned Spokane," John Fahey, 72:1.

"Who's Minding the Store," Robert Applegate, 93:3.

"Who Owned the Alaska Commercial Company?" Frank H. Sloss, 68:3.


Canada: British Columbia & Alberta (See also Politics, British Columbia)

"Alberta Polygamists? The Canadian Climate and Response to the Introduction of Mormonism's 'Peculiar Institution,'" Dan Erickson, 86:4.

"American Labor Leaders and the Vancouver Anti-Oriental Riots," Robert E. Wynne, 57:4.

"Banking, Mail, and Express Service in British North America: The Role of Wells, Fargo and Company on Vancouver Island and in British Columbia," W. Turrentine Jackson, 76:4.

"British Columbia Indian Lands," Mrs. W. Garland Foster, 28:2.

"The Canol Project: A Study in Emergency Military Planning," Charles F. O'Brien, 61:2.

"Christianity, a Matter of Choice: The Historic Role of Indian Catechists in Oregon Territory and British Columbia," Margaret Whitehead, 72:3.

"Cross-Border Crusades: The Binational Temperance Movement in Washington and British Columbia," Stephen T. Moore, 98:3.

"Fraser River Gold Rush Adventures," Robert Frost, 22:3.

"Gold Rush Days on the Fraser River," Donald Sage, 44:4.

"Gold Rush Theater: The Theatre Royal, Barkerville, British Columbia," Michael R. Booth, 51:3.

"'Historic Explorations Northward': Hubert Howe Bancroft and the Beginnings of British Columbia History," Chad Reimer, 86:3.

"John Booth Good in British Columbia: The Trials and Tribulations of the Church, 1861-99," F. A. Peake, 75:2.

"Lessons in Citizenship, 1945-1949: The Delayed Return of the Japanese to Canada's Pacific Coast," Patricia E. Roy, 93:2.

"The Library Movement in British Columbia," J. Forsyth, 17:4.

"Louis Shotridge, Museum Man: A 1918 Visit to the Nass and Skeena Rivers," Jonathan Dean, 89:4.

"Military Aid to Civil Power in British Columbia: The Labor Strikes at Wellington and Steveston, 1890, 1900," Peter Guy Silverman, 61:3.

"Mormon Colonization Scheme for Vancouver Island," J. B. Munro, 25:4.

"The Mormons Come to Canada, 1887-1902," Lawrence B. Lee, 59:1.

"Nootka Sound in 1789: Joseph Ingraham's Account," ed. Mark D. Kaplanoff, 65:4.

"Perceptions of Violence on the Wageworkers' Frontier: An American-Canadian Comparison," Carlos A. Schwantes, 77:2.

"Send a Gunboat!: Checking Slavery and Controlling Liquor Traffic among Coast Indians of British Columbia in the 1860s," Barry M. Gough, 69:4.

"The Sinclair Party—An Emigration Overland Along the Old Hudson Bay Company Route From Manitoba to the Spokane Country in 1854," John V. Campbell, 7:3.

"Society in Cariboo During the Gold Rush," Isabel M. L. Bescoby, 24:3.

"The Spanish Settlement at Nootka," F. W. Howay, 8:3.

"The Vancouver Riot and Its International Significance," Howard H. Sugimoto, 64:4.

"Western Canada: The West beyond the Pacific Northwest," Russell M. Tremayne, 86:3.

"What Mining Has Done for British Columbia," Dale L. Pitt, 23:2.

"Who Will Defend British Columbia? Unity of Command on the West Coast, 1934-1942," Galen Roger Perras, 88:2.


Community & Celebration

"Earliest Celebrations of Independence Day in the Northwest," O. B. Sperlin, 35:3.

"Green Commonwealth: Forestry, Labor, and Public Ritual in the Post-World War II Pacific Northwest," Robert E. Walls, 87:3.

"History and Folklore: The Role of Tradition in Northwest Social Life," Robert E. Walls, 86:3.

"Independence Day in the Far Northwest," George W. Soliday, 4:3.

"Much Depends on Dinner: Pacific Northwest Foodways, 1843-1900," Jacqueline Williams, 90:2.

"Pioneer Days at Old Dungeness," Mrs. Geo Lotzgesell, 24:4.


Crime & Punishment

"The Case of Frank Fuller: The Killer of Alaska Missionary Charles Seghers," Gerard G. Steckler, 59:4.

"The Case of Vuco Perovich," Claus-M. Naske, 78:1/2.

"The Haywood Case: An Enduring Riddle," Joseph R. Conlin, 59:1.

"John Tornow, the Outlawed Hermit," Alfred J. Hillier, 35:3.

"'Midnight Justice': Lynching and Law in the Pacific Northwest," Michael J. Pfeifer, 94:2.

"The Old Navy in the Pacific West: Naval Discipline in Seattle, 1855-1856," Lorraine McConaghy, 98:1.

"Perceptions of Violence on the Wageworker's Frontier: An American-Canadian Comparison," Carlos A. Schwantes, 77:2.

"The Strange Sombrero: An Authentic Murder Story from Montana," Dan Mumbrue & Esther G. Price, 36:4.


Education & Libraries: Subtopics Education, Libraries, and the University of Washington

Education

"After Cool Deliberation: Reed College, Oregon Editors, and the Red Scare of 1954," Floyd J. McKay, 89:1.

"Architecture for Seattle Schools, 1880-1900," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner & Dennis Alan Andersen, 83:4.

"Arthur L. Marsh and the Washington Education Association, 1921–40," Ardath I. Champlin, 60:3.

"The Benjamin P. Cheney Academy," J. Orin Oliphant, 15:2.

"Blanche Payne, Scholar and Teacher: Her Career in Costume History," Diana Ryesky, 77:1.

"The Charles Niederhauser Case: Patriotism in the Seattle Schools, 1919," Keith A. Murray, 74:1.

"Classics in the Oregon Academies," Albert J. Ellsworth, 46:1.

"The Control of Urban School Boards during the Progressive Era: A Reconsideration," William J. Reese, 68:4.

"Curriculum for a New Culture: A Case Study of Schools and Alaska Natives, 1884-1947," James H. Ducker, 91:2.

"Educational Development in the Territory and State of Washington, 1853-1908," Robert George Raymer, 18:3.

"The Final Cruise: Depression Era Teachers Journey North of the Arctic Circle," Rhoda M. Love, 96:4.

"Frank B. Cooper: Seattle's Progressive School Superintendent, 1901-22," Bryce E. Nelson, 74:4.

"A Future with a Past: Hazel Pete, Cultural Identity, and the Federal Indian Education System," Cary C. Collins, 92:1.

"Harvey Scott's "Cure for Drones": An Oregon Alternative to Public Higher Schools," Lee Nash, 64:2.

"Henry Villard’s Aid to Education," Edmond S. Meany, 25:2.

"High Schools in Territorial Washington," Frederick E. Bolton, 24:3-4.

"High School Students and the History of Their Community," Herndon Smith, 33:1.

"History of Chemical Education in Washington," H. K. Benson, 20:3.

"Normal Schools of the Pacific Northwest: The Lifelong Impact of Extracurricular Club Activities on Women Students at Teacher-Training Institutions, 1890-1917," Karen J. Blair, 101:1.

"Ousting Japanese Language Schools: Americanization and Cultural Maintenance in Washington State, 1919-1927," Noriko Asato, 94:3.

"The Schuddakopf Case, 1954-1958: Tacoma Public Schools and Anticommunism," Ronald E. Magden, 89:1.

"Secondary Education in Washington Territory," Howard A. Hanson, 41:4.

"'The Warring Boards": Sanitary Regulation and the Control of Infectious Disease in the Seattle Public Schools, 1892-1900," Stephen Wollworth, 96:1.

"With All Deliberate Caution: School Integration in Seattle, 1954-1968," Doris H. Pieroth, 73:2.

Libraries

"Early Library Development in Washington," Charles W. Smith, 17:4.

"Governor Isaac I. Stevens and the Washington Territorial Library," Hazel E. Mills, 53:1.

"Libraries of the Northwest," Edmond S. Meany, 17:4.

"The Library Movement in British Columbia," J. Forsyth, 17:4.

"Some Early Libraries of Oregon," Mirpah G. Blair, 17:4.

University of Washington

"The Appointment of Henry Suzzallo: The University of Washington Gets a President," Jack Van de Wetering, 50:3.

"Bricks, Brains, and Partisan Politics: Edmond S. Meany, the University of Washington, and State Government, 1889-1939," John M. Findlay, 99:4.

"Carl F. Gould: His Planning and Architecture at the University of Washington," T. William Booth & William H. Wilson, 85:3.

"Clio Confronts Conformity: The University of Washington History Department during the Cold War Era," Jane A. Sanders, 88:4.

"Closing the Frontier in Washington: Edmond S. Meany and Frederick Jackson Turner," John M. Findlay, 82:2.

"Daniel Bagley and the University of Washington Land Grant, 1861-1868," Charles M. Gates, 52:2.

"Development of the Washington Historical Quarterly, 1906-1935: The Works of Edmond S. Meany and Charles W. Smith," George A. Frykman, 70:3.

"Early Athletics at the University of Washington," Charles M. Gates, 52:3.

"Early Records of the University," Edmond S. Meany, 8:2.

"Edmond S. Meany, Historian," George A. Frykman, 51:4.

"The Graduate School of the University of Washington, 1911-1942," Lois J. Wentworth, 34:2.

"Henry Jackson and the University of Washington's Jackson School of International Studies," Kenneth B. Pyle, 97:1.

"J. Allen Smith, A Pacific Northwest Progressive," Thomas C. McClintock, 53:2.

"J. Allen Smith: The Reformer and His Dilemma," Eric F. Goldman, 35:3.

"Meany, Katz, and the History of Science at the University of Washington," Thomas L. Hankins, 92:1.

Memorial Issue: Tribute to Edmond S. Meany, including complete bibliography, 26:3.

"Modern or Traditional?: Lionel H, Pries and Architectural Education at the University of Washington, 1928-1942," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 96:3.

"Pioneer President: Alexander Jay Anderson and the Formative Years of the University of Washington and Whitman College," G. Thomas Edwards, 79:2.

"The Promise of a University: An Appreciation of J. Allen Smith," Joseph B. Harrison, 46:3.

"A Question of Leadership: Thomas Franklin Kane and the University of Washington, 1920-1913," Georgia Ann Kumor, 77:1.

"Rainier Vista from the AYP to the University of Washington," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 100:2.

"The University of Washington and the Controversy over J. Robert Oppenheimer," Jane A. Sanders, 70:1.

"'The University That Never Was': The 1891 Boone and Wilcox Plan for the University of Washington," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 90:2.

"Vernon Louis Parrington: The Mind and Art of a Historian of Ideas," Robert A. Skotheim & Kermit Vanderbilt, 53:3.


Exploration: Subtopics, Corps of Discovery, Russian Exploration, and Spanish Exploration

"Authorship of the Anonymous Account of Captain Cook’s Last Voyage," F. W. Howay, 12:1.

"Captain James Colnett and the Tsimshian Indians, 1787," Beverly B. Moeller, 57:1.

"Captain John Mullan," Addison Howard, 25:3.

"Captains Gray and Kendrick: The Barrell Letters," F. W. Howay, 12:4.

"The Cook-Folsom Exploration of the Upper Yellowstone, 1869," W. Turrentine Jackson, 32:3.

"Cook's Place in Northwest History," J. N. Bowman, 1:3.

"An Early Nineteenth-Century Artist in Alaska: Louis Choris and the First Kotzebue Expedition," James W. VanStone, 51:4.

"The Engineers’ Frontier," Samuel Flagg Bemis, 14:3.

"Exploration of the Upper Columbia," O. B. Sperlin, 4:1.

"Exploring the Copper River Country," James W. VanStone, 46:4.

"From Cape Flattery to Birch Bay: Vancouver's Anchorages on Puget Sound," Robert B. Whitebrook, 44:3.

"George B. McClellan and the Pacific Northwest," Philip Henry Overmeyer, 32:1.

"George W. Goethals, Explorer of the Pacific Northwest, 1882-84," Walter R. Griffin, 62:4.

"'Historic Explorations Northward': Hubert Howe Bancroft and the Beginnings of British Columbia History," Chad Reimer, 86:3.

"John Sherriff on the Columbia, 1792: An Account of William Broughton's Exploration of the Columbia River," ed. Andrew David, 83:2.

"Lamb's Vancouver Voyage," Robin Fisher, 76:4.

"Louis Shotridge, Museum Man: A 1918 Visit to the Nass and Skeena Rivers," Jonathan Dean, 89:4.

"The Midshipman's Revenge: Or, The Case of the Missing Islands," John Frazier Henry, 73:4.

"The Mystery of Esther Lyons, the 'Klondike Girl,'" Melanie J. Mayer, 94:3.

"Nathaniel Jarvis Wyeth: His First Expedition," Philip Henry Overmeyer, 24:1.

"Nootka Sound in 1789: Joseph Ingraham's Account," ed. Mark D. Kaplanoff, 65:4.

"Pleasing Diversity and Sublime Desolation: The 18th-Century British Perception of the Northwest Coast," Douglas Cole & Maria Tippett, 65:1.

"'The System of the Globe': Alexander Mackenzie and the Course of Climate Change," David L. Nicandri, 99:1.

"The Voyage of the Hope: 1790-1792," F. W. Howay, 11:1.

"The Wilkes Expedition on the Pacific Coast," Herman J. Viola, 80:1.

Corps of Discovery

"John Colter—The Man Who Turned Back," C. H. Heffelfinger, 26:3.

"Lewis and Clark: Exploring under the Influence of Alexander Mackenzie," David L. Nicandri, 95:4.

"Lewis and Clark on the Columbia River: The Power of Landscape in the Exploration Experience," William L. Lang, 87:3.

"Lewis and Clark: The Route 160 Years After," Roy E. Appleman, 57:1.

"The Mystery of Sacagawea's Death," Helen Addison Howard, 58:1.

"The Public Image of Lewis and Clark," Donald Jackson, 57:1.

"Reclaiming Jefferson's Ideals: Abigail Scott Duniway's Ode to Lewis and Clark," Albert Furtwangler, 98:4.

"Sacagawea: Pilot or Pioneer Mother," Jan. C. Dawson, 83:1.

"Sacajawea as Guide: The Evaluation of a Legend," C. S. Kingston, 35:1.

"William Clark: Soldier, Explorer, Statesman," Reuben Gold Thwaites, 1:4.

Russian Exploration

"Bering's Successors, 1745-1780: Contributions of Peter Simon Pallas to the History of Russian Exploration Toward Alaska," James R. Masterson & Helen Brower, 38:1-2.

"Russian America in 1833: The Survey of Kirill Khlebnikov," James R. Gibson, 63:1.

"The Travel Journal of Vasilii Orlov," Antoinette Shalkop, 68:3.

"Vitus Bering and Georg Steller: Their Tragic Conflict during the American Expedition," O. W. Frost, 86:1.

"Vitus Bering Resurrected: Recent Forensic Analysis and the Documentary Record," O. W. Frost, 84:3.

Spanish Exploration

"Early Spanish Artists on the Northwest Coast," Donald C. Cutter, 54:4.

"Pedro de Alberni and the Spanish Claim to Nootka: The Catalonian Volunteers on the Northwest Coast," Joseph P. Sánchez, 71:2.

"Spaniards in Early Oregon," J. Neilson Barry, 23:1.

"The Spanish Settlement at Nootka," F. W. Howay, 8:3.


Environment: Subtopics Fish & Marine Life, Land, Plant Life, Pollution, Preservation & Conservation, and Wildlife

Fish & Marine Life

"Alaska Whaling," Clarence L. Andrews, 9:1.

"Artificial Propagation of Salmon in Oregon, 1875-1910," Gordon B. Dodds, 50:4.

"Commercial Whaling in the Arctic Ocean," James W. VanStone, 49:1.

"Curtis and the Whale," George I. Quimby, 78:4.

"Fishery Conservation in Washington," Tim Kelley, 38:1.

"For the Love of It: A Short History of Commercial Fishing in Pacific City, Oregon," Joseph E. Taylor III, 82:1.

"'The Gamest Fish That Swims': Management of the Big Hole River Fishery in Montana," Jennifer Corrinne Brown, 97:4.

"History of the Fisheries in the State of Washington," John N. Cobb, 20:1.

"Iñupiat Labor and Commercial Shore Whaling in Northern Alaska," Mark S. Cassell, 91:3.

"Nootka and the California Gray Whale," Earl H. Swanson, 47:2.

"Pacific American Fisheries Collection," Elizabeth Joffrion, 91:3.

"Regulation of Commercial Salmon Fishermen: A Case of  Confused Objectives," Ralph W. Johnson, 55:4.

"Sea Otter on the Washington Coast," Victor B. Scheffer, 31:4.

"The Salmon of Alaska," Clarence L. Andrews, 9:4.

"Selling Salmon: The Use of Female Images in Marketing Canned Fish," Lisa Mighetto, 101:1.

"Sport Fishing on the Columbia River," Lisa Mighetto, 87:1.

Land

"Asahel Curtis and the Fight over the Olympic National Park," William H. Wilson, 99:3.

"The Atmosphere Tasted Like Turnips: The Pacific Northwest Dust Storm of 1931," Paul C. Pitzer, 79:2.

"The Campaign to Establish Mount Rainier National Park, 1893-1899," Theodore Catton, 88:2.

"Edward S. Curtis Goes to the Mountain," Mick Gidley, 75:4.

"Landscape and Environment: Ecological Change in the Intermontane Northwest," William G. Robbins, 84:4.

"The Mount Olympus National Monument," Clifford Edwin Roloff, 25:3.

"Mount Rainier and PNQ: A National Park Centennial Album," 90:1.

"The Mount Saint Helens Eruptions: An Evaluation of Popular and Scholarly Literature," Glenda J. Pearson, 72:3.

"Peak Park Politics: The Struggle over the Sawtooths, from Borah to Church," Sara E. Dant Ewert, 91:3.

"The Public Land Surveys in Washington," Fred Yonce, 63:4.

"Puget Sound and the Northern Pacific," Edmund T. Coleman, 23:4.

"Rediscovering a Coastal Prairie near Friday Harbor," Tom Schroeder, 98:2

"'Some Volcanoes, Volcanic Eruptions, and Earthquakes in the Former Russian America': Peter Doroshin's Account of Volcanic Activity and Earthquakes between 1840 and 1866," trans. and ed. Jerome B. Kisslinger, 74:2.

"The Story of Three Olympic Peaks," Edmond S. Meany, 4:3.

"The Strategy and Ecology of Man's Occupation of the Intermontane Northwest: An Essay Review," Andrew Hill Clark, 60:2.

"The United States Army Signal Service and Natural History in Alaska, 1847-1883," Michael J. Broadhead, 86:2.

"William O. Douglas: Of a Man and His Mountains," James G. Newbill, 79:3.

Plant Life

"The Botanical Labors of the Reverend Henry H. Spalding," J. Orin Oliphant, 25:2.

"Classicizing the Wilderness: Washington State's Forestry Building at the 1909 AYP," Kathryn Rogers Merlino, 100:2.

"George Patrick Ahern and the Philippine Bureau of Forestry, 1900-1914," Lawrence Rakestraw, 58:3.

"Getting the Record Straight: Georg Steller's Plant Collecting on Kayak Island, Alaska, 1741," O. W. Frost, 90:3.

"The Grand Old Man of Northwest Botany: Louis F. Henderson: 1853-1942," Rhoda M. Love, 91:4.

"Green Commonwealth: Forestry, Labor, and Public Ritual in the Post-World War II Pacific Northwest," Robert E. Walls, 87:3.

"H. M. Chittenden's 'Notes on Forestry Paper,'" ed. Gordon B. Dodds, 57:2.

"Hubert Work and the Department of the Interior, 1923-28," Eugene P. Trani, 61:1.

"Notes on the History of Botany in the State of Washington," George B. Rigg, 20:3.

"Quest of the Sacred Ginkgo," George F. Beck, 26:1.

"Uncle Sam's Forest Reserves," Lawrence Rakestraw, 44:4.

"Urban Influences on Forest Conservation," Lawrence Rakestraw, 46:4.

"Various Uses of Plants By West Coast Indians," Albert B. Reagan, 25:2.

"Western Spruce and the War," Edmond S. Meany, 9:4.

"Wilhelm Nikolaus Suksdorf:1850-1932, Pioneer Botanist of the Pacific Northwest," Rhoda M. Love, 89:4.

Pollution

"Defending 'the Great Barbecue': W. Lon Johnson and the 1921 Northport Smelter Pollution Suits," Stephen W. Charry, 91:2.

"Hanford and Its Early Radioactive Atmospheric Releases," Daniel Grossman, 85:1.

Preservation & Conservation

"Before McNary: The Northwestern Conservationist, 1889-1913," Lawrence Rakestraw, 51:2.

"Conservation as a Political Issue: The Western Progressives' Dilemma, 1909-1912," Elmo R. Richardson, 49:2.

"Conservation by Subterfuge: Robert W. Sawyer and the Birth of the Oregon State Parks," Thomas R. Cox, 64:1.

"Conservation, Irrigated Farming, and Yellowstone National Park's Cascade Corner," Hugh T. Lovin, 93:1.

"The Conservationist as Reactionary: John Minto and American Forest Policy," Thomas R. Cox, 74:4.

"The Midwest Decision, 1915: A Landmark in Conservation History," J. Leonard Bates, 51:1.

"No Place for "Little Children and Tender, Pulpy People": John Muir in Alaska," Hal Crimel, 92:4.

"The Reluctant Dissenter: Governor Hay of Washington and the Conservation Problem," H. J. Bergman, 62:1.

"A Room with a View: Controversies over Hotel Development in Mount McKinley National Park, 1927-1970," Frank Norris, 96:4.

"The West, States' Rights, and Conservation: A Study of Six Public Land Conferences," Lawrence Rakestraw, 48:3.

"The Young Naturalists' Society: From Chess to Natural History Collections," Keith R. Benson. 77:3.

Wildlife

"Buffalo in the Pacific Northwest," C. S. Kingston, 23:3.

"'New Deal' for Wildlife: A Perspective on Federal Conservation Policy, 1933-40," Theodore W. Cart, 63:3.

"Reindeer in Alaska," C. L. Andrews, 10:3.

"Reindeer in the Arctic," C. L. Andrews, 17:1.

"The Western Limits of the Buffalo Range," Francis D. Haines, 31:4.


Health & Medicine

"Bob Bartlett and the Alaska Mental Health Act," Claus-M. Naske, 71:1.

"Detaining the Insane: Detention Hospitals, Mental Health, and Frontier Politics in Alaska, 1910-1915," Thomas G. Smith, 73:3.

"History of Pharmacy in the State of Washington," C. W. Johnson, 20:2.

"Indications of Mental Illness Among Pre-Contact Indians of the Northwest States," Melville Jacobs, 55:2.

"'In Gauze We Trust': Public Health and Spanish Influenza on the Home Front, Seattle, 1918-1919," Nancy Rockefeller, 77:3.

"Mental Health Policy in Washington Territory, 1853-1875," Russell Hollander, 71:4.

"The Political Asylum: State Making and the Medical Profession in Oregon, 1862-1900," R. Rudy Higgens-Evenson, 89:3.

"Qui Si Sana: Finding Health on Lake Crescent," Richard H, Engeman, 79:1.

"The Treatment of the Mentally Ill in Alaska, 1884-1912," Thomas G. Smith, 65:1.

"'The Warring Boards': Sanitary Regulation and the Control of Infectious Disease in the Seattle Public Schools, 1892-1900," Stephen Wollworth, 96:1.


Historiography

"Billington's Frontier and the Realm of Ideas," Lewis O. Saum, 73:3.

"The Census of 1890 and the Closing of the Frontier," Gerald D. Nash, 71:3.

"Closing the Frontier in Washington: Edmond S. Meany and Frederick Jackson Turner," John M. Findlay, 82:2.

"College Histories: An Essay Review," G. Thomas Edwards, 83:4.

"Colonialism: A Western Complaint," Gene M. Gressley, 54:1.

"Development of the Washington Historical Quarterly, 1906-1935: The Work of Edmond S. Meany and Charles W. Smith," George A. Frykman, 70:3.

"Digital Collections in Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections at the Washington State University Libraries," Trevor James Bond, 93:2.

"Edmond S. Meany, Historian," George A. Frykman, 51:4.

"Frederick Jackson Turner: Historian, Scholar, Teacher: An Essay Review," Allan G. Bogue, 64:4.

"Glen Adams and Ye Galleon Press: An Appreciation," Wilfred P. Schoenberg, 88:3.

"The Good Old Days or the Bad Old Days?: History and Related Muses in the Northwest in the 1930s," Vernon Carstensen, 68:3.

"Herman J. Deutsch, 1897-1979," David H. Stratton, 71:4.

"The Historian as Literary Craftsman: The West of Ivan Doig," William G. Robbins, 78:4.

"'Historic Explorations Northward': Hubert Howe Bancroft and the Beginnings of British Columbia History," Chad Reimer, 86:3.

"The Historiography of American Conservation: Past and Prospects," Gordon B. Dodds, 56:2.

"The History of a History: The Making of Jeannette Paddock Nichols's Alaska," Terrence Cole, 77:4.

"Oral History: A Revived Tradition at the Bancroft Library," Willa Klug Baum, 58:2.

"The Personal Factor in the Writing of History," John D. Hicks, 55:3.

"Some Neglected Aspects of the History of the Pacific Northwest," J. Orin Oliphant, 61:1.

"Toward an Even Newer History: An Essay Review," Lewis O. Saum, 65:3.

"Turner's Safety Valve and Free Negro Western Migration," George R. Woolfolk, 56:3.

"V. L. Parrington's Oklahoma Years, 1897-1908: 'Few High Lights and Much Monotone'?," H. Lark Hall, 72:1.

"Vernon Carstensen, 1907-1992," Charles P. LeWarne, 84:2.

"Vernon Louis Parrington as Historical Ironist," Richard Reinitz, 68:3.

"Vernon Louis Parrington: The Mind and Art of a Historian of Ideas," Robert A. Skotheim & Kermit Vanderbilt, 53:3.

"W. E. B. DuBois and Frederick Jackson Turner: The Unveiling and Preemption of America's 'Inner History'," William Toll, 65:2.

"What's New? Western History in Print and on CD-ROM," Eckard V. Toy, Jr., 86:3.

"What's Old about the New Western History: Race and Gender, Part 1," John R. Wunder, 85:2.

"What's Old about the New Western History? Part 2: Environment and Economy," John R. Wunder, 89:2.


Hudson's Bay Company & Fur Trade

"'A Place So Dull and Dreary': The Hudson's Bay Company at Fort Okanagan, 1821-1860," H. Lloyd Keith, 98:2.

"'Beavers Are Numerous, but the Natives...Will Not Hunt Them': Native-Fur Trader Relations in the Willamette Valley, 1812-1841," Melinda Marie Jetté, 98:1.

"The British and Americans at Fort Nisqually, 1846-1859," John S. Galbraith, 41:2.

"Choosing between Corsets and Freedom: Native, Mixed-Blood, and White Wives of Laborers at Fort Nisqually, 1833-1860," Emma Milliken, 96:2.

"The Columbia River Under Hudson’s Bay Company Rule," C. O. Ermatinger, 5:3.

"Demographic Borderlands: People of Mixed Heritage in the Russian American Company and the Hudson's Bay Company, 1670-1870," Roxanne Easley, 99:2.

"Dr. John McLoughlin and His Guests," T. C. Elliott, 3:1.

"'Doctor' Robert Newell, Mountain Man," T. C. Elliott, 18:3.

"Donald McKenzie in Snake Country Fur Trade, 1816-1821," Jean C. Nielson, 31:2.

"Exploration of the Upper Columbia," O. B. Sperlin, 4:1.

"The Family-Company-Compact," Lionel H. Laing , 22:2.

"Finan McDonald—Explorer, Fur Trader and Legislator," J. A. Meyers, 13:3.

"The Formation of the Puget's Sound Agricultural Company," Leonard A. Wrinch, 24:1.

"Fort Colville's Fur Trade Families and the Dynamics of Race in the Pacific Northwest," Jean Barman & Bruce M. Watson, 90:3.

"Fort Connah: A Frontier Trading Post, 1847-1871," Albert J. Partoll, 30:4.

"Francis Heron, Fur Trader: Other Herons," William S. Lewis, 11:1.

"The Fur Trade in the Columbia River Basin Prior to 1811," T. C. Elliott, 6:1.

"Life at a Fur Trading Post," Walter N. Sage, 25:1.

"New York and Astoria," Lawrence F. Abbot, 18:1.

"North West and Hudson’s Bay Companies," Aaron Newell, 15:3.

"Old Fort Colville," J. Orin Oliphant, 16:1-2.

"The Place of Fort Vancouver in the History of the Northwest," Walter N. Sage, 39:2.

"The Relations of the Hudson's Bay Company with the American Fur Traders in the Pacific Northwest," Francis D. Haines, Jr., 40:4.

"The Role of the Hudson's Bay Company in Pacific Northwest History," Keith A. Murray, 52:1.

"Saleesh House: The First Trading Post Among the Flathead," M. Catherine White, 33:3.

"Spokane House," T. C. Elliott, 21:1.

"Washington Forts of the Fur Trade Regime," O. B. Sperlin, 8:2.


Idaho (See also Politics, Idaho)

"Bunker Hill versus the Lead Trust: The Struggle for Control of the Metals Market in the Coeur d'Alene Mining District, 1885–1918," Katherine G. Aiken, 84:2.

"The Carey Act in Idaho, 1895-1925: An Experiment in Free Enterprise Reclamation," Hugh T. Lovin, 78:4.

"Creating Boise's Capitol Boulevard," J. M. Neil, 92:1.

"The Creation of the Territory of Idaho," Merle W. Wells, 40:2.

"Early Agricultural Settlements in Southern Idaho," Leslie L. Sudweeks, 28:2.

"Early Irrigation in the Boise Valley," Paul L. Murphy, 44:4.

"'A Fearless, Patriotic, Clean-Cut Stand': Idaho's Governor Clark and Japanese-American Relocation in World War II," Robert C. Sims, 70:2.

"Five Idaho Mining Towns: A Computer Profile," Elliott West, 73:3.

"The Haywood Case: An Enduring Riddle," Joseph R. Conlin, 59:1.

"Idaho and the 'Reds,' 1919-1926," Hugh T. Lovin, 69:3.

"Idaho's White Elephant: The King Hill Tracts and the United States Reclamation Service," Hugh T. Lovin, 83:1.

"Industrial Violence in the Coeur d'Alene Mining District: The Visual Record," D. G. Thiessen and Carlos A. Schwantes, 78:3.

"LaSalle Street Capitalists, Charles Hammett, and Irrigated Farming at King Hill," Hugh T. Lovin, 98:1.

"The Milwaukee-Youngstown Connection: Midwestern Investors and the Coeur d'Alene Mines," John Fahey, 81:2.

"Moses Alexander and the Idaho Lumber Strike of 1917: The Wartime Ordeal of a Progressive," Hugh T. Lovin, 66:3.

"The National Reactor Testing Station: The Atomic Energy Commission in Idaho, 1949-1962," Jack M. Holl, 85:1.

"Negotiating Boundaries of Territory and "Civilization": The Coeur d'Alene Indian Reservation Agreement Councils, 1873-1889," Laura Woodworth-Ney, 94:1.

"The North Idaho Annexation Issue," C. S. Kingston, 21:2.

"Origins of Anti-Mormonism in Idaho, 1872-1880," Merle W. Wells, 47:4.

"Overlanders and the Snake River Region: A Case Study of Popular Landscape Perception in the Early West," Peter G. Boag, 84:4.

"'The Powerful Instrumentalities of Our Up-building': The Woman's Study League of Pocatello, 1896-1916," Holly J. Buck, 93:1.

"Raft River in Idaho History," Leslie L. Sudweeks, 32:3.

"Stamp Mills in Trouble: Quartz Miners Learned the Hard Way on the South Boise Ledges," Robert L. Romig, 44:4.


Indians: Subtopics, Alaskan Natives, Anthropology & Culture, Linguists, Religion, Treaties & Indian Policies, and War & Conflict

"'Beavers Are Numerous, but the Natives...Will Not Hunt Them': Native-Fur Trader Relations in the Willamette Valley, 1812-1841," Melinda Marie Jetté, 98:1.

"Chief Patkanim," Edmond S. Meany, 15:3.

"Chief Seattle and Angeline," Clarence B. Bagley, 22:4.

"Chief Sluskin's True Narrative," Lucullus V. McWhorter, 8:2.

"Evolution of an Indian Hero in France," Charles M. Buchanan, 9:3.

"The Indian Background of Washington History," Erna Gunther, 41:3.

"Kamiakin's Impact on Early Washington Territory," Jo N. Miles, 99:4.

"A Makah Epic Journey: Oral History and Documentary Sources," Eric Blinman, Elizabeth Colson, & Robert Heizer, 68:4.

"Perceptions and Misperceptions: A European Cleric's View of the American Indian," W. Victor Wortley, 72:4.

"The Present Status and Probable Future of the Indians of Puget Sound," Lewis H. St. John, 5:1.

"Professor Igloo Jimmie and Dr. Boombang Meet the Heathens: Indigenous Representations and the Geography of Empire at the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition," Josh Reid, 101:3/4.

"Reimagining the Indian: Charles Erskine Scott Wood and Frank Linderman," Sherry L. Smith, 87:3.

"Rebecca Lena Graham's Fight for Her Inheritance," Patricia Hackett Nicola, 97:3.

"Seattle and the Indians of Puget Sound," Thomas W. Prosch, 2:4.

"Vancouver and the Indians of Puget Sound," Erna Gunther, 51:1.

Alaskan Natives

"Alaskan Indian Wage Earners in the 19th Century: Economic Choices and Ethnic Identity on Southeast Alaska's Frontier," Victoria Wyatt, 78:1-2.

"Curriculum for a New Culture: A Case Study of Schools and Alaska Natives, 1884-1947," James H. Ducker, 91:2.

"Ernest Gruening and Alaska Native Claims," Claus-M. Naske, 82:4.

"'The Government's Industry': Alaska Natives and Pribilof Sealing during World War II," Ryan Madden, 91:4.

"H-Bombs and Eskimos: The Story of Project Chariot," Dan O'Neill, 85:1.

"'I came voluntarily to work, sing and dance': Stories from the Eskimo Village at the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition," Lisa Blee, 101:3/4

"Iñupiat Labor and Commercial Shore Whaling in North Alaska," Mark S. Cassell, 91:3.

"Sinrock Mary: From Eskimo Wife to Reindeer Queen," Dorothy Jean Ray, 75:3.

Anthropology & Culture

"Aboriginal Populations of the Lower Northwest Coast," Herbert C. Taylor, Jr., 54:4.

"Bibliography of the Anthropology of the Puget Sound Indians," J. D. Leechman, 11:4.

"Canoes from Cedar Logs: A Study of Early Types and Designs," George Durham, 46:2.

"Contributions of Early Explorers and Traders to the Ethnography of the Northwest," Marion Pearsall, 40:4.

"Dog's Hair Blankets of the Coast Salish," F. W. Howay, 9:2.

"A Future with a Past: Hazel Pete, Cultural Identity, and the Federal Indian Education System," Cary C. Collins, 92:1.

"The Great Race of 1941: A Coast Salish Public Relations Coup," Bruce G. Miller, 89:3.

"The Historical Position of the Lower Chinook in the Native Culture of the Northwest," Verne F. Ray, 28:4.

"Indications of Mental Illness Among Pre-Contact Indians of the Northwest States," Melville Jacobs, 55:2.

"A Legacy for the Pacific Northwest: Franz Boas's Surveys of Native People in the Late 19th Century," Roberta L. Hall, 97:2.

"Native Villages and Groupings of the Columbia Basin," Verne F. Ray, 27:2.

"Neah Bay: The Makah in Transition," Beatrice D. Miller, 43:4.

"Nootka and the California Gray Whale," Earl H. Swanson, 47:2.

"A Prism of Carved Rock: Dalles Area Rock Art as an Insight into Native American Cultures," Simeon Dreyfuss, 74:2.

"Quillayute Indian Tradition," Harry Hobucket, 25:1.

"A Record of the San Poil Indians," R. D. Gwydir, 8:4.

"A Shaman-killing Case on Puget Sound, 1873-1874: American Law and Salish Culture," Brad Asher, 86:1.

"Slavery Among the Indians of Northwest America," H. F. Hunt, 9:4.

"The Southern Extent of Totem Pole Carving," H. G. Barnett, 33:4.

"A Survey of Pacific Northwest Anthropological Research, 1930-1940," Melville Jacobs, 32:1.

"Taken Pictures: On Interpreting Native American Photographs of the Southern Northwest Coast," Carolyn J. Marr, 80:2.

"Traditions of Hoh and Quillaynte Indians," Albert B. Reagan, 20:3.

"Various Uses of Plants By West Coast Indians," Albert B. Reagan, 25:2.

"Washington Coastal Indian Villages, 1907: The Photographs of Albert Henry Barnes," Carolyn J. Marr, 74:3.

"Wickaninnish, a Clayoquot Chief, as Recorded by Early Travelers," Valerie Sherer Mathes, 70:3.

Linguistics

"Dialectic Variants of the Nisqually Linguistic Root Stock of Puget Sound," Charles M. Buchanan, 1:2.

"Historic Perspectives in Indian Languages of Oregon and Washington," Melville Jacobs, 28:1.

"The Nez Perce Verb," H. V. Velten, 34:3.

"Place Names of the Quileute Indians," J. V. Powell, et al, 63:3.

Religion

"Anglicanism Among the Indians of Washington Territory," Thomas E. Jessett, 42:3.

"Christianity, a Matter of Choice: The Historic Role of Indian Catechists in Oregon Territory and British Columbia," Margaret Whitehead, 72:3.

"The First Jesuit Mission to the Flathead, 1840-1850: A Study in Culture Conflicts," Claude Schaeffer, 28:3.

"'The Great Spirit Was Grieved': Religion and Environment among the Cowlitz Indians," Brett Rushforth, 93:4.

"The 'Half-Catholic' Movement: Edwin and Myron Eells and the Rise of the Indian Shaker Church," George Pierre Castile, 73:4.

"The Indian Connection: Judge James Wickersham and the Indian Shakers," George Pierre Castile, 81:4.

"The Siletz Indian Shaker Church," Lee Sackett, 64:3.

"Witness of Indian Religion: Present-Day Concepts of the Guardian Spirit," June Randolph, 48:4.

Treaties & Indian Policies

"British Columbia Indian Lands," Mrs. W. Garland Foster, 28:2.

"Caleb Lyon's Indian Policy," Merle W. Wells, 61:4.

"Chief Cleveland Kamiakin and 20th-Century Political Change on the Colville Reservation," Richard D. Scheuerman and Michael O. Finley, 101:1.

"Chet-ze-moka, J. Ross Browne, and the Great Port Townsend Controversy," Elaine Naylor, 93:2.

"Documents from the Indian Fishing Rights Controversy in the Pacific Northwest," submitted by Richard DuWors, 99:2.

"Edwin Eells, U. S. Indian Agent, 1871-1895," George P. Castile, 72:2.

"A Future with a Past: Hazel Pete, Cultural Identity, and the Federal Indian Education System," Cary C. Collins, 92:1.

"Grant's Indian Peace Policy on the Yakima Reservation, 1870-82," Robert L. Whitner, 50:4.

"The Indian Treaty of Point No Point," edited by Charles M. Gates, 46:2.

"Lawyer of the Nez Perces," J. F. Santee, 25:1.

"Negotiating Boundaries of Territory and "Civilization": The Coeur d'Alene Indian Reservation Agreement Councils, 1873-1889," Laura Woodworth-Ney, 94:1.

"'No More Out': The Deep Colony of Spokane Indians, 1878-1888," John W. W. Mann, 98:4.

"The Politics of Allotment: The Flathead Indian Reservation as a Test Case," Burton M. Smith, 70:3.

"Problems of Indian Policy," Francis Haines, 41:3.

"Puyallup Indian Reservation," W. P. Bonney, 19:3.

"Rights of the Puget Sound Indians to Game and Fish," Charles M. Buchanan, 6:2.

"Send a Gunboat!: Checking Slavery and Controlling Liquor Traffic among Coast Indians of British Columbia in the 1860s," Barry M. Gough, 69:4.

"Subsistence and Survival: The Makah Indian Reservation, 1855-1933," Cary C. Collins, 87:4.

"The Swinomish People and Their State," O. C. Upchurch, 27:4.

"The Treaty Rights of the Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs," Les McConnell, 97:4.

"Washington State and Tribal Sovereignty: A 1979 Debate on Indian Law," ed. Robert H. Keller, Jr., 79:3.

"Wenatchee Indians Ask Justice," John Hermilt & Louis Judge, 16:1.       

War & Conflict

"Army Officers' Attitudes Toward Indians, 1830–1860," William B. Skelton, 67:3.

"'The Boy's War': A Study in Frontier Racial Conflict, Journalism, and Folk History," Kenneth Wiggins Porter, 68:4. (Eastern Oregon 1878)

"The Cayuse, the First Indian War in the Northwest," Clarence B. Bagley, 1:1.

"Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce Warriors," Francis Haines, 45:1.

"Colonel Steptoe's Battle," S. J. Chadwick, 2:4.

"The Defense of Seattle, 1856: 'And Down Came the Indians,'" Bernard C. Nalty & Truman R. Strobridge, 55:3.

"Earliest Expedition Against Puget Sound Indians," Frank Ermatinger & Eva Emery Dye, 1:2.

"General Howard and the Nez Perce War of 1877," John A. Carpenter, 49:4.

"Indian and White in the Inland Empire: The Contest for the Land, 1880-1912," Herman J. Deutsch, 47:2.

"The Indian War of 1858," Thomas W. Prosch, 2:3.

"The Jesuits, the Northern Indians, and the Nez Perce War of 1877," R. Ignatius Burns, S.J., 42:1.

"Journals of the Indian War of 1855-56," J. Orin Oliphant, 15:1.

"The Last Stand of the Nez Perces," Nelson C. Titus, 6:3.

"The Life and Death of A. J. Bolon, 1826-1855," Jo N. Miles, 97:1.

"A Massacre on the Frontier," Joel Graham, 2:3.

"The Nez Perce and Their War," Merle W. Wells, 55:1.

"Our Leschi: The Making of a Martyr," Alexander Olson, 95:1.

"Pere Joset's Account of the Indian War of 1858," Robert Ignatius Burns, S.J., 38:4.

"Stronghold in the Yakima Country: Fort Simcoe and the Indian War, 1856-59," Albert Culverwell, 46:2.


Infrastructure: Communication, Transportation, & Roads

"Alaska and the Federal-Aid Highway Acts," Claus-M. Naske, 80:4.

"Alaska's Connection: The Alcan Highway," Griffith H. Williams, 76:2.

"Building a Wagon Road Through the North Cascade Mountains," Keith A. Murray, 56:2.

"C. B. McCullough: The Engineer and Oregon's Bridge-Building Boom, 1919-1936," Robert W. Hadlow, 82:1.

"Early Telephone Use in Seattle, 1880s-1920s," Keiko Tanaka, 92:4.

"Early Wagon Roads in the Inland Empire," Otis W. Freeman, 45:4.

"The Economic Impact of the Mullan Road on Walla Walla, 1860-1883," Alexander C. McGregor, 65:3.

"The First Tacoma Narrows Bridge: A Brief History of Galloping Gertie," Albert F. Gunns, 72:4.

"Inland Transport and Communication in Washington, 1844-1859," Oscar Osburn Winther, 30:4.

"The Military Roads of Washington Territory," Thomas W. Prosch, 2:2.

"The Mormon Road," Hiram F. White, 6:4.

"The Mullan Road," Henry L. Talkington, 7:4.

"Naches Pass," Elva Cooper Magnusson, 25:3.

"Northern Overland Route to Montana," W. M. Underhill, 23:3.

"Pack Animals for Transportation in the Pacific Northwest," Oscar Osburn Winther, 43:2.

"The Pend Oreille Routes to Montana, 1866-1870," Bette E. Meyer, 72:2.


International Relations

"British Policy in the San Juan Boundary Dispute, 1854–72," Barry M. Gough, 62:2.

"British Threats and the Settlement of the Oregon Boundary Dispute," Stuart Anderson, 66:4.

"The Dispute Over the San Juan Islands Water Boundary," Alfred Tunem, 23:1-4.

"The Evolution of the International Boundary in the Inland Empire of the Pacific Northwest," Herman J. Deutsch, 51:2.

"France as a Factor in the Oregon Negotiations," John S. Galbraith, 44:2.

"'Hemmed In': Reactions in British Columbia to the Purchase of Russian America," Richard E. Neunherz, 80:3.

"The Origin and Development of the San Juan Island Water Boundary Controversy," John W. Long Jr., 43:3.

"Pedro de Alberni and the Spanish Claim to Nootka: The Catalonian Volunteers on the Northwest Coast," Joseph P. Sánchez, 71:2.

"Politics and the Oregon Compromise," Norman A. Graebner, 52:1.

"The Reopening of the Russian-American Convention of 1824," Victor J. Farrar, 11:2.

"Russia in California, 1833: Report of Governor Wrangel," James R. Gibson, 60:4.

"A Selective Survey of Canadian-Hawaiian Relations," W. J. Illerbrun, 63:3.

"The Significance of 1846 to the Pacific Coast," Gertrude Cunningham, 21:1.

"Strangers in a Strange Land: Japanese Castaways and the Opening of Japan," Stephen W. Kohl, 73:1.


Labor: Subtopics, Politics, Race Relations, Strikes, Protests, & Violence, and Unions

"Accommodating American Shipyard Workers, 1917–1918: The Pacific Coast and the Federal Government's First Public Housing and Transit Programs," William J. Williams, 84:2.

"Elizabeth Gurley Flynn," Benjamin H. Kizer, 57:3.

"Labor History: Sources and Perspectives," Richard C. Berner, 60:1.

"Labor-Reform Papers in Oregon, 1871-1976: A Checklist," Carlos A. Schwantes, 74:4.

"Labor's Many Faces: A Photo Essay," Carlos A. Schwantes, 86:2.

"Morley Roberts in the Western Avernus," Jeremy Mouat, 93:1.

"Newspapers for 'the Wage Earning Class': E. W. Scripps and the Pacific Northwest," Gerald J. Baldasty, 90:4.

"Timber Town: Market Economics in Coos Bay, Oregon, 1850 to the Present," William G. Robbins, 75:4.

"Washington State's Pioneer Labor-Reform Press: A Bibliographical Essay and Annotated Checklist," Carlos A. Schwantes, 71:3.

"West Coast Labor and the Military Aircraft Industry, 1935-1941," Jacob Vander Meulen, 88:2.

Politics

"The Emergence of the Farmer-Labor Party in Washington Politics, 1919-20," Hamilton Cravens, 57:4.

"The Fall of Farmer-Labor Parties, 1936-1938,"Hugh T. Lovin, 62:1.

"One Path to Populism: Will Kennedy and the People's Party of Montana," William L. Lang, 74:2.

"The Seattle Labor Movement, 1919-20," Robert L. Friedheim & Robin Friedheim, 55:4.

"Toward an Efficient and Moral Society: Washington State Minimum Wage Law, 1913-1925," Joseph F. Tripp, 67:3.

Race Relations

"Alaskan Indian Wage Earners in the 19th Century: Economic Choices and Ethnic Identity on Southeast Alaska's Frontier," Victoria Wyatt, 78:1/2.

"American Labor Leaders and the Vancouver Anti-Oriental Riot," Robert E. Wynne, 57:4.

"Blacks and the Coal Mines of Western Washington, 1888–1896," Robert A. Campbell, 73:4

"From Anti-Chinese Agitation to Reform Politics: The Legacy of the Knights of Labor in Washington and the Pacific Northwest," Carlos A. Schwantes, 88:4.

"Mexican Labor in the Pacific Northwest, 1943-1947: A Photographic Essay," Erasmo Gamboa, 73:4.

"Race Relations and the Seattle Labor Movement, 1915-1929," Dana Frank, 86:1.

Strikes, Protests, & Violence

"Bloody Sunday," David C. Botting, Jr., 49:4.

"The Centralia Incident and the Pamphleteers," Donald A. MacPhee, 62:3.

"Coxey's Montana Navy: A Protest Against Unemployment on the Wageworkers' Frontier," Carlos A. Schwantes, 73:3.

"Everett, 1916, and After," Norman H. Clark, 57:2.

"Farmer-Labor Insurgency in Washington State: William Bouck, the Grange, and the Western Progressive Farmers," Carlos A. Schwantes, 76:1.

"The Seattle General Strike of 1919," Robert L. Friedheim, 52:3.

"The Haywood Case: An Enduring Riddle," Joseph R. Conlin, 59:1.

"John Danz and the Seattle Amusement Trades Strike, 1921-1935," Jonathan Dembo, 71:4.

"Military Aid to Civil Power in British Columbia: The Labor Strikes at Wellington and Steveston, 1890, 1900," Peter Guy Silverman, 61:3.

"The Oxford Group and the Strike of the Seattle Longshoremen in 1934," Eckard V. Toy, Jr., 69:4.

"Perceptions of Violence on the Wageworkers' Frontier: An American-Canadian Comparison," Carlos A. Schwantes, 77:2.

"Portland's 'Silk Stocking Mob': The Citizens Emergency League in the 1934 Maritime Strike," Michael Munk, 91:3.

"Railroad Labor Protests, 1894-1917: From Community to Class in the Pacific Northwest," W. Thomas White, 75:1.

"Ray Becker, the Last Centralia Prisoner," Albert F. Gunns, 59:2.

"Red Wages: Communists and the 1934 Vancouver Island Loggers Strike," Gordon Hak, 80:3.

"Terror on Tower Avenue," John M. McClelland, Jr., 57:2.

"Violence at Centralia, 1919," Robert J. Tyler, 45:4.

Unions

"The Aberdeen, Washington, Free Speech Fight of 1911-1912," Charles Pierce LeWarne, 66:1.

"Farmers and Wobblies in the Yakima Valley, 1933," James G. Newbill, 68:2.

"Leftward Tilt on the Pacific Slope: Indigenous Unionism and the Struggle Against AFL Hegemony in the State of Washington," Carlos A. Schwantes, 70:1.

"The Montana Farmers Union and the Cold War, 1945-1954," William C. Pratt, 83:2.

"'No Camp Large or Small Will Be Missed': The IWA and the Loggers' Navy in British Columbia, 1935-1945," Richard A. Rajala, 97:3.

"The One Big Union in Washington," David Jay Bercuson, 69:3.

"Wesley Everett, IWW Martyr," Tom Copeland, 77:4.

"Wobblies on the Farm: The IWW in the Yakima Valley," Cletus E. Daniel, 65:4.


Logging

"Big Lumber in the Inland Empire: The Early Years, 1900-1939," John Fahey, 76:3.

"Clark Kinsey: Logging Photography, 1914-1945," Dennis A. Andersen, 74:1.

"Design for a Lumber Town by Bebb and Gould, Architects: A World War I Project in Washington's Wilderness," T. William Booth, 82:4.

"Frontier Enterprise versus the Modern Age: Fred Herrick and the Closing of the Lumberman's Frontier," Thomas R. Cox, 84:1

"Inland Empire Lumbering: Frank Palmer's Photographic Record of an Industry, 1898-1920," 76:3.

"Lumbering and Logging in the Puget Sound Region in Territorial Days," Iva L. Buchanan, 27:1.

"Moses Alexander and the Idaho Lumber Strike of 1917: The Wartime Ordeal of a Progressive," Hugh T. Lovin, 66:3.

"'No Camp Large or Small Will Be Missed': The IWA and the Loggers' Navy in British Columbia, 1935-1945," Richard A. Rajala, 97:3.

"The Port Blakely Mill Company, 1876-89," Richard C. Berner, 57:4.

"Red Wages: Communists and the 1934 Vancouver Island Loggers Strike," Gordon Hak, 80:3.

"Sawmilling on Grays Harbor in the Twenties: A Personal Reminiscence," Egbert S. Oliver, 69:1.

"Timber Town: Market Economics in Coos Bay, Oregon, 1850 to the Present," William G. Robbins, 75:4.

"Trade Associations in the Lumber Industry of the Pacific Northwest, 1899-1914," John H. Cox, 41:4.

"Weyerhaeuser and the Pacific Northwest Timber Industry, 1899-1903," Robert E. Ficken, 70:4.


Maritime (See also Exploration & Water)

"The Ballad of the Bold Northwestman," F. W. Howay, 20:2.

"Cape Disappointment in History," Barbara Coit Elliott, 14:4.

"Captain Cornelius Sowle on the Pacific Ocean," F. W. Howay, 24:4.

"The Colonel Wright," Lulu Donnell Crandell, 7:2.

"The Cruise of the Forester," Kenneth W. Porter, 23:4.

"The Culmination and Decline of Pacific Coastwise Shipping, 1916-1936," Giles T. Brown, 40:3.

"The Death, Burial, and Remembrance of Charles Foss, Master of the Schooner Wawona," Joe Follansbee, 96:3.

"Early Cuttermen in Alaskan Waters," Dennis L. Noble & Truman R. Strobridge, 78:3.

"For the Love of It: A Short History of Commercial Fishing in Pacific City, Oregon," Joseph E. Taylor III, 82:1.

"Harsh Ways: Edward W. Heath and the Shipbuilding Trade," Paul Spitzer, 90:1.

"Indomitable John: The Story of John Hart Scranton and His Puget Sound Steamers," Capt. N. A. McDougall, 45:3.

"International Policy for Ocean Resource Management: An Essay Review," Keith A. Murray, 65:1.

"The Loss of the Tonquin," F. H. Howay, 13:2.

"Marine Disasters of the Alaska Route," C. L. Andrews, 7:1.

"The Maritime Activities of the North West Company, 1813 to 1821," Marion O’Neil, 21:4.

"The Midshipman's Revenge: Or, The Case of the Missing Islands," John Frazier Henry, 73:4.

"The Old Navy in the Pacific West: Naval Discipline in Seattle, 1855-1856," Lorraine McConaghy, 98:1.

"The Pacific Ocean and the Pacific Northwest," J. N. Bowman, 3:2.

"Primary Source Materials in Washington Maritime History," James H. Hitchman, 65:2.

"Pope and Talbot's Tugboat Fleet," Helen M. Gibb, 42:4.

"Portland's "Silk Stocking Mob": The Citizens Emergency League in the 1934 Maritime Strike," Michael Munk, 91:3.

"Puget Sound and the Northern Pacific," Edmund T. Coleman, 23:4.

"Regulation of Commercial Salmon Fishermen: A Case of Confused Objectives," Ralph W. Johnson, 55:4.

"Russian Shipbuilding in the American Colonies," Clarence L. Andrews, 25:1.

"Shipbuilding in the Pacific Northwest," Helen Durrie Goodwin, 11:3.

"Struggle for Public Ownership: The Early History of the Port of Seattle," Padraic Burke, 68:2.

"The Trading Voyages of the Atahualpa," F. W. Howay, 19:1.

"The Wilhelm Hester Maritime Photographs," 67:2.

"The Wreck of the St. Nicholas," C. L. Andrews, 13:1.

"A Yankee Trader on the Northwest Coast, 1791-1795," F. W. Howay, 21:2.


Military & Forts: Subtopics, Infrastructure and War & Conflict

"The Army and the Oregon Trail to 1846," Henry Putney Beers, 28:4.

"Army Officers' Attitudes Toward Indians, 1830-1860," William B. Skelton, 67:3.

"The Boeing Company and the Military-Metropolitan-Industrial Complex, 1945-1953," Richard S. Kirkendall, 85:4.

"Colonel Patrick Henry Winston," Benjamin H. Kizer, 61:2.

"David Starr Jordan and American Militarism," James L. Abrahamson, 67:2.

"The First Militia Companies in Eastern Washington Territory," William S. Lewis, 11:4.

"The Influence of the Military in the Building of Montana," Merrill G. Burlingame, 29:2.

"Isaac I. Stevens and Federal Military Power in Washington Territory," Kent Richards, 63:3.

"The Old Navy in the Pacific West: Naval Discipline in Seattle, 1855-1856," Lorraine McConaghy, 98:1.

"The Veterans of Future Wars in the Pacific Northwest," Donald W. Whisenhunt, 85:4.

Infrastructure

"Camp Lewis: Promotion and Construction," Bernard L. Boylan, 58:4.

"The Early History of Fort George Wright: Black Infantrymen and Theodore Roosevelt in Spokane," Mary Ellen Rowe, 80:3.

"Fort Casey—Garrison for Puget Sound," John A. Hussey, 47:2.

"Fort Colville 1859 to 1869," W. P. Winans, 3:1.

"Fort Lawton," Ray T. Cowell, 19:1.

"The Military Roads of Washington Territory," Thomas W. Prosch, 2:2.

War & Conflict

"The Canol Project: A Study in Emergency Military Planning," Charles F. O'Brien, 61:2.

"'The Chinese Must Go': The United States Army and the Anti-Chinese Riots in Washington Territory, 1885-1886," Clayton D. Laurie, 81:1.

"Colonel Steptoe's Battle," S. J. Chadwick, 2:4.

"Confronting the U.S. Navy at Bangor, 1973-1982," Brian Casserly, 95:3.

"The Early Defense and Militia of the Okanagan Valley, 1871-1914," R. H. Roy, 57:1.

"A Massacre on the Frontier," Joel Graham, 2:3.

"Military Aid to Civil Power in British Columbia: The Labor Strikes at Wellington and Steveston, 1890, 1900," Peter Guy Silverman, 61:3.

"The Navy in the Puget Sound War, 1855-1857: A Documentary Study," Francis X. Holbrook & John Nikol, 67:1.

"The Origins of the Central Oregon Range War of 1904," Jeffrey Ostler, 79:1.

"Steptoe Butte and Steptoe Battle-Field," T. C. Elliott, 18:4.

"Stronghold in the Yakima Country: Fort Simcoe and the Indian War, 1856-59," Albert Culverwell, 46:2.

"War in the Great Northwest," W. V. Rinehart, 22:2.

"Who Will Defend British Columbia? Unity of Command on the West Coast, 1934-1942," Galen Roger Perras, 88:2.


Mining: Subtopics, Coal and Gold

"The Anaconda Copper Mining Company: A Price War and a Copper Corner," Kenneth Ross Toole, 41:4.

"British Capital in Northwest Mines," W. Turrentine Jackson, 47:3.

"Bunker Hill versus the Lead Trust: The Struggle for Control of the Metals Market in the Coeur d'Alene Mining District, 1885–1918," Katherine G. Aiken, 84:2.

"Decision at Colstrip: The Northern Pacific Railway's Open-Pit Mining Operation," William B. Evans & Robert L. Peterson, 61:3.

"Experiences of a Packer in Washington Territory Mining Camps During the Sixties," James W. Watt, 19:3.

"Five Idaho Mining Towns: A Computer Profile," Elliott West, 73:3.

"Frontier Society—Cedar Creek, Montana, 1870-1874," Robert L. Housman, 26:4.

"Furnishing Butte: Consumerism and Homemaking in the Copper Capital, 1909-1912," Patty Dean, 97:2.

"Industrial Violence in the Coeur d'Alene Mining District: The Visual Record," D. G. Thiessen and Carlos A. Schwantes, 78:3.

"Inland Empire Mining and the Growth of Spokane, 1883-1905," W. Hudson Kensel, 60:2.

"The Kirkland Steel Mill: Adventure in Western Enterprise," William R. Sherrard, 53:4.

"The Milwaukee-Youngstown Connection: Midwestern Investors and the Coeur d'Alene Mines," John Fahey, 81:2.

"Mining and Public Policy in Alaska," Morgan Sherwood, 61:1.

"Mining in Alaska Before 1867," F. A. Golder, 7:3.

"Ruby City: The Life and Death of a Mining Town," Loretta Louis, 32:1.

"Stamp Mills in Trouble: Quartz Miners Learned the Hard Way on the South Boise Ledges," Robert L. Romig, 44:4.

"What Mining Has Done for British Columbia," Dale L. Pitt, 23:2.

"Yakutat Bound: A Prospector's Letter and Photographs," William Alley, 83:1.

Coal

"Blacks and the Coal Mines of Western Washington, 1888-1896," Robert A. Campbell, 73:4.

"History of the Discoveries and Physical Development of the Coal Industry in the State of Washington," F. E. Melder, 29:2.

"Mining Coal on the Meade River, Alaska," Claus-M. Naske, 88:1.

"Montana's First Commercial Coal Mine," Rita McDonald & Merrill G. Burlingame, 47:1.

"Story of Coal at Newcastle," Marilyn Tharp, 48:4.

Gold

"The Fisk Expeditions to the Montana Gold Fields," W. Turrentine Jackson, 33:3.

"Fraser River Gold Rush Adventures," Robert Frost, 22:3.

"Golden Years: The Decline of Gold Mining in Alaska," Terrence Cole, 80:2.

"Gold Rush Days on the Fraser River," Donald Sage, 44:4.

"Gold Rushers North: A Census Study of the Yukon and Alaskan Gold Rushes, 1896-1900," James H. Ducker, 85:3.

"The Nome Gold Conspiracy," Andrea R. C. Helms & Mary Childers Mangusso, 73:1.

"Pacific Coast Competition for the Gold Camp Trade of Montana," Alton B. Oviatt, 56:4.

"Society in Cariboo During the Gold Rush," Isabel M. L. Bescoby, 24:3.

"Stock Companies at the Placer Mines: The Alaska Golden Gate Mining Company," Roy N. Lokken, 49:3.


Montana (See also Politics, Montana)

"The Anaconda Copper Mining Company: A Price War and a Copper Corner," Kenneth Ross Toole, 41:4.

"Boy Editors of Frontier Montana." Robert L. Housman, 27:3.

"'Chink Chink Chinaman': The Beginning of Nativism in Montana," Larry D. Quinn, 58:2.

"Coxey's Montana Navy: A Protest Against Unemployment on the Wageworkers' Frontier," Carlos A. Schwantes, 73:3.

"Diversification in Montana's Small Business," Henry C. Klassen, 84:3.

"The Fight for an Irrigation Empire in the Yellowstone River Valley," Hugh T. Lovin, 89:4.

"The Fisk Expeditions to the Montana Gold Fields," W. Turrentine Jackson, 33:3.

"Fort Connah: A Frontier Trading Post, 1847-1871," Albert J. Partoll, 30:4.

"The Foundations of Billings, Montana," Waldo O. Kliewer, 31:3.

"The Frontier Journals of Western Montana," Robert L. Housman, 29:3.

"Frontier Society—Cedar Creek, Montana, 1870-1874," Robert L. Housman, 26:4.

"Furnishing Butte: Consumerism and Homemaking in the Copper Capital, 1909-1912," 97:2.

"'The Gamest Fish That Swims': Management of the Big Hole River Fishery in Montana," Jennifer Corrine Brown, 97:4.

"The Importance of Railroads in the Development of Northwestern Montana," Flora Mae Bellefleur Isch, 41:1.

"The Influence of the Military in the Building of Montana," Merrill G. Burlingame, 29:2.

"The Montana Farmers Union and the Cold War, 1945-1954," William C. Pratt, 83:2.

"Montana's First Commercial Coal Mine," Rita McDonald & Merrill G. Burlingame, 47:1.

"The Nearly Forgotten Blacks on Last Chance Gulch, 1900-1912," William L. Lang, 70:2.

"Northern Overland Route to Montana," W. M. Underhill, 23:3.

"One Path to Populism: Will Kennedy and the People's Party of Montana," William L. Lang, 74:2.

"Pacific Coast Competition for the Gold Camp Trade of Montana," Alton B. Oviatt, 56:4.

"The Pend Oreille Routes to Montana, 1866-1870," Bette E. Meyer, 72:2.

"Pioneer Montana's Journalistic "Ghost" Camp—Virginia City," Robert L. Housman, 29:1.

"The Politics of Allotment: The Flathead Indian Reservation as a Test Case," Burton M. Smith, 70:3.

"Saleesh House: The First Trading Post Among the Flathead," M. Catherine White, 33:3.

"The Strange Sombrero: An Authentic Murder Story from Montana," Dan Mumbrue & Esther G. Price, 36:4.  


Newspapers

"Boy Editors of Frontier Montana." Robert L. Housman, 27:3.

"The Frontier Journals of Western Montana," Robert L. Housman, 29:3.

"Labor-Reform Papers in Oregon, 1871-1976: A Checklist," Carlos A. Schwantes, 74:4.

"Looking at Oregon Territory through Advertising," Edith Dobie, 18:2.

"Newspapers for "the Wage Earning Class": E. W. Scripps and the Pacific Northwest," Gerald J. Baldasty, 90:4.

"The North-West Tribune," J. Orin Oliphant, 16:2.

"The Oregon Free Press," Leslie W. Dunlap, 33:2.

"The Oregonian and Indian's Advocate," Clifford M. Drury, 56:4.

"The Owyhee Avalanche: The Frontier Newspaper as a Catalyst in Social Change," Oliver Knight, 58:2.

"Pioneer Montana's Journalistic "Ghost" Camp—Virginia City," Robert L. Housman, 29:1.

"The Press and Profit: Newspaper Survival in Washington Territory," Barbara Cloud, 79:4.

"The Press and the African-American Community: The Role of the Northwest Enterprise in the 1930s," Gerald J. Baldasty & Mark E. LaPointe, 94:1.

"The Rising and the Setting of Seattle's Sun," William H. Wilson, 92:2.

"The Seattle Time's Cold War Pulitzer Prize," Lorraine McConaghy, 89:1.

"The Ulster County Gazette," Edmond S. Meany, 22:1.


Oregon (See also Politics, Oregon)

"After Cool Deliberation: Reed College, Oregon Editors, and the Red Scare of 1954," Floyd J. McKay, 89:1.

"Ascot in Old Oregon, 1846," Thomas B. Roulstone, 72:2.

"Artificial Propagation of Salmon in Oregon, 1875-1910," Gordon B. Dodds, 50:4.

"'Beavers Are Numerous, but the Natives...Will Not Hunt Them': Native-Fur Trader Relations in the Willamette Valley, 1812-1841," Melinda Marie Jetté, 98:1.

"Black Man in White Town," Thomas C. Hogg, 63:1.

"Building a West Coast Ghetto: African-American Housing in Portland, 1910–1960," Stuart McElderry, 92:3.

"C. B. McCullough: The Engineer and Oregon's Bridge-Building Boom, 1919-1936," Robert W. Hadlow, 82:1.

"Classics in the Oregon Academies," Albert J. Ellsworth, 46:1.

"Conflict on the Frontier: The Case of Harney County, Oregon, 1870-1900," Margaret L. Sullivan, 66:4.

"Conservation by Subterfuge: Robert W. Sawyer and the Birth of the Oregon State Parks," Thomas R. Cox, 64:1.

"Crashing Timbers, Ice Floods, and Movie Stars Universal Studies Comes to Klamath Falls," Bill Alley, 96:4.

"Creation of an Ethnic Community: Portland Jewry, 1851-1866," Scott Cline, 76:2.

"The Evolution of an Industry: The Dairy Economy of Tillamook County, Oregon," Oliver H. Heintzelman, 49:2.

"Effort to Save the Historic McLoughlin House," Thomas W. Prosch, 1:2.

"For the Love of It: A Short History of Commercial Fishing in Pacific City, Oregon," Joseph E. Taylor III, 82:1.

Greater Portland: Experiments with Professional Planning, 1905-1925," Carl Abbott. 76:1.

"James Saules, Peter Burnett, and the Oregon Black Exclusion Law of June 1844," Thomas C. McClintock, 86:3.

"Labor-Reform Papers in Oregon, 1871-1976: A Checklist," Carlos A. Schwantes, 74:4.

"Looking at Oregon Territory through Advertising," Edith Dobie, 18:2.

"The Methodists and the Formation of the Oregon Provisional Government," Kent D. Richards, 61:2.

"The Oregon Free Press," Leslie W. Dunlap, 33:2.

"Oregon Immigrants of 1844," Fred Lockley, 18:2.

"The Oregon Mint," T. Elmer Strevey, 15:4.

"The Oregon Mission—Its Transition," John M. Canse, 25:3.

"Oregon's Role in American History: A Old Theme Recast," Dorothy O. Johansen, 40:2.

"Oregon's Romantic Rebels: John Reed and Charles Erskine Scott Wood," Edwin R. Bingham, 50:3.

"The Origins of the Central Oregon Range War of 1904," Jeffrey Oslter, 79:1.

"Origins of the Population of Oregon in 1850," Jesse S. Douglas, 41:2.

"The Political Asylum: State Making and the Medical Profession in Oregon, 1862-1900," R. Rudy Higgens-Evenson, 89:3.

"Preachers in Politics: A Conflict Touching the Methodist Church in Oregon," Robert N. Peters, 63:4.

"Records of Baptist Home Missionary Activity in Oregon Territory to 1860," J. Orin Oliphant, 25:4.

"Religion in Oregon: Recent Demographic Currents in the Mainstream," Mark A. Shibley, 83:3.

"Slavery and the Oregon Territorial Issue: Prelude to the Compromise of 1850," R. Alton Lee, 64:3.

"Social and Economic Change in Roseburg, Oregon, 1850-1885: A Quantitative View," William G. Robbins, 64:2.

Spaniards in Early Oregon," J. Neilson Barry, 23:1.

"Strangers in a Strange Land: Japanese Castaways and the Opening of Japan," Stephen W. Kohl, 73:1.

"Timber Town: Market Economics in Coos Bay, Oregon, 1850 to the Present," William G. Robbins, 75:4.

"Winter Losses of Cattle in the Oregon Country, 1847-1890," J. Orin Oliphant, 23:1.


Pioneers, Settlement, & Migration: Subtopic, Memorializing Pioneers

"'Ambition Has Always Been My God': William Winlock Miller and Opportunity in Washington Territory," William L. Lang, 83:3.

"The British in Oregon Country: A Triptych View," Oscar Osburn Winther, 58:4.

"Conflict on the Frontier: The Case of Harney County, Oregon, 1870-1900," Margaret L. Sullivan, 66:4.

"The Covered Wagon Centennial: March of the Empire Builders Over the Oregon Trail," Joseph Ellison, 21:3.

"First American Settlement on Puget Sound," Edmond S. Meany, 7:2.

"The Forgetting of John Montgomery: Spanaway's First White Settler, 1845-1885," Steve A. Anderson, 101:2.

"The Foundation of Anchorage: Federal Townbuilding on the Last Frontier," William H. Wilson, 58:3.

"The Foundations of Billings, Montana," Waldo O. Kliewer, 31:3.

"Frontier Society—Cedar Creek, Montana 1870-1874," Robert L. Housman, 26:4.

"The Gateway of the Oregon Country," Charles H. Carey, 18:1.

"A Historical Survey of the Matanuska Valley Settlement in Alaska," Clarence C. Hulley, 40:4.

"Memories of White Salmon and Its Pioneers," Albert J. Thompson, 14:2.

"Michael Luark and Settler Culture in the Western Pacific Northwest, 1853-1899," Robert Bunting, 96:4.

"The Movement to the Far West During the Decade of the Sixties," Dan E. Clark, 17:2.

"The New Settlers on the Yakima Project, 1880-1910," C. Brewster Coulter, 61:1.

"Notes on Early Settlements and On Geographic Names of Eastern Washington," J. Orin Oliphant, 22:3.

"Origins of the Population of Oregon in 1850," Jesse S. Douglas, 41:2.

"Overlanders and the Snake River Region: A Case Study of Popular Landscape Perception in the Early West," Peter G. Boag, 84:4.

"The Pioneers of Lincoln County, Washington, A Study in Migration," Carl F. Reuss, 30:1.

"The Promotion of Emigration to Washington, 1854-1909," Arthur J. Brown, 36:1.

"Raft River in Idaho History," Leslie L. Sudweeks, 32:3.

"The Sinclair Party—An Emigration Overland Along the Old Hudson Bay Company Route From Manitoba to the Spokane Country in 1854," John V. Campbell, 7:3.

"Washington Territory Fifty Years Ago," Thomas W. Prosch, 4:2.

Memorializing Pioneers

"Monument for Indian War Heroes," The Auburn Globe-Republican, 10:3.

"Captain Vancouver's Grave," Anne Merrill, 11:2.

"Effort to Save the Historic McLoughlin House," Thomas W. Prosch, 1:2.

"Ezra Meeker, the Pioneer," Edmond S. Meany, 20:2.

"George Abernethy, Pioneer Merchant," Arthur L. Throckmorton, 48:3.

"Heroes and Heroines of the Long Ago," Edwin Eells, 2:2.

"Jesse Applegate: Pioneer, Statesman and Philosopher," Joseph Schafer, 1:4.

"Monument to Captain Hembee," William P. Bonney, 11:3.

"Oregon Immigrants of 1844," Fred Lockley, 18:2.

"The Oregon Pioneer," William P. Matthews, 2:3.

"The Pathfinder," W. T. Dovell, 1:2.

"The Pioneers and Patriotism," Hazard Stevens, 8:3.

"Robert Moore in Oregon History," J. Orin Oliphant, 15:3.


Politics & Law: Subtopics, British Columbia, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington

"The Fall of Farmer-Labor Parties, 1936-1938," Hugh T. Lovin, 62:1.

"For God and the American Home: The Attempt to Unseat Senator Reed Smoot, 1903-1907," M. Paul Holsinger, 60:3.

"The Initiation of the McNary-Haugen Movement in Montana and the Pacific Northwest," Rita McDonald & Robert G. Dunbar, 71:2.

"Joseph B. Poindexter and Hawaii During the New Deal," James B. Lane, 62:1.

"Louis Russell Glavis: A Postscript to the Ballinger-Pinchot Controversy," James Lal Penick, Jr., 55:2.

"The Politics of Reform in Municipal Government in the Progressive Era," Samuel P. Hays, 55:4.

"Progressive Reform and the Political System," Howard W. Allen & Jerome Clubb, 65:3.

"Progressivism's Great Revival of 1905," Timothy J. Heinrichs, 83:4.

"The Red Menace and Justice in the Pacific Northwest: The 1946 Trial of the Soviet Naval Lieutenant Nikolai Gregorevitch Redin," Daniel J. Leab, 87:2.

"Status, Mobility, and Empire: The Territorial Governors, 1869-90," Jack Ericson Eblen, 60:3.

"Western Range Senators and the Payne-Aldrich Tariff," Lewis L. Gould, 64:2.

British Columbia

"Amor DeCosmos, A British Columbia Reformer," Margaret Ross, 23:2.

"Party History in British Columbia, 1903-1933," Edith Dobie, 27:2.

"Red Wages: Communists and the 1934 Vancouver Island Loggers Strike," Gordon Hak, 80:3.

"T. D. Pattullo and the North: The Significance of the Periphery in British Columbia Politics," Robin Fisher, 81:3.

Idaho

"Borah and the Kellogg-Briand Pact," Charles DeBenedetti, 63:1.

"The Carpetbag Image: Idaho Governors in Myth and Reality," Ronald H. Limbaugh, 60:2.

"The Creation of the Territory of Idaho," Merle W. Wells, 40:2.

"Frank Church Goes to the Senate: The Idaho Election of 1956," LeRoy Ashby, 78:1/2.

"Fred T. Dubois and the Nonpartisan League in the Idaho Election of 1918," Merle W. Wells, 56:1.

"Fred T. Dubois and the Silver Issue, 1896," Leo W. Graff, Jr., 53:4.

"Fighting the Drive Toward War: Glen H. Taylor, the 1948 Progressives, and the Draft," F. Ross Peterson, 61:1.

"From Statehouse to Bull Pen: Idaho Populism and the Coeur d'Alene Troubles of the 1890s," William J. Gabroury, 58:1.

"Idaho and the 'Reds,' 1919-1926," Hugh T. Lovin, 69:3.

"Marking the Washington-Idaho Boundary," Rollin J. Reeves, 2:4.

"The North Idaho Annexation Issue," C. S. Kingston, 21:2.

"Peak Park Politics: The Struggle over the Sawtooths, from Borah to Church," Sara E. Dant Ewart, 91:3.

"The Political Clash Between Northern and Southern Idaho Over the Capital," Eugene B. Chaffee, 29:3.

"The Political Suicide of Senator Fred T. Dubois of Idaho," Rufus G. Cook, 60:4.

"Politics in the Panhandle: Opposition to the Admission of Washington and North Idaho, 1886-1888," Merle W. Wells, 46:3.

"Religion and the Idaho Constitution," Dennis L. Thompson, 58:4.

"The Story of Silver Politics in Idaho, 1892-1902," Claudius O. Johnson, 33:3.

"William E. Borah and the Politics of Constitutionalism," Darrell LeRoy Ashby, 58:3.

"William E. Borah, Political Thespian," John Milton Cooper, Jr., 56:4.

"William E. Borah: The People's Choice," Claudius O. Johnson, 44:1.

Montana

"The Defeat of Bill Dunne: An Episode in the Montana Red Scare," Kurt Wetzel, 64:1.

"Montana Politics at the Crossroads, 1932-1933," Michael P. Malone, 69:1.

"The Montana Woman Suffrage Campaign, 1911-14," Ronald Schaffer, 55:1.

"One Path to Populism: Will Kennedy and the People's Party of Montana," William L. Lang, 74:2.

"Politics and Ideology: Thomas J. Walsh and the Rise of Populism," J. Leonard Bates, 65:2.

"Two Western Senators and Teapot Dome: Thomas J. Walsh and Albert B. Fall," David H. Stratton, 65:2.

"Walsh of Montana in Dakota Territory: Political Beginnings, 1884-90," J. Leonard Bates, 56:3.

Oregon

"Beneath the Hooded Robe: Newspapermen, Local Politics, and the Ku Klux Klan in Jackson County, Oregon, 1921–1923," Jeff LaLande, 83:2.

"Code Making in Early Oregon," Arthur S. Beardsley, 27:1.

"Creating a Provisional Government in Oregon: A Revision," Robert J. Loewenberg, 68:1.

"The Methodists and the Formation of the Oregon Provisional Government," Kent D. Richards, 61:2.

"Oregon and the Disputed Election of 1876," Philip W. Kennedy, 60:3.

"The Oregon Convention of 1843," C. S. Kingston, 22:3.

"Organizers of the First Government in Oregon," George H. Himes, 6:3.

"The Politics of Power: The Oregon Test for Partnership," Franklyn D. Mahar, 65:1.

"Republican Apostate: Senator Wayne L. Morse and His Quest for Independent Liberalism," G. Q. Unruh, 82:3.

"The Rupture of the Democratic Party in Oregon, 1858," James E. Hendrickson, 58:2.

"Slavery and the Oregon Territorial Issue: Prelude to the Compromise of 1850," R. Alton Lee, 64:3.

"Thinking Globally, Acting Locally: The Portland Soviet and the Emergence of American Communism, 1918-1920," Adam J. Hodges, 98:3.

Washington

"Austin E. Griffiths: Seattle Progressive Reformer," Charles Byler, 76:1.

"Bertha Knight Landes: The Woman Who Was Mayor," Doris H. Pieroth, 75:3.

"Contesting the Terms of Prosperity and Patriotism: The Politics of Rural Development in Western Washington, 1900-1925," Marilyn P. Watkins, 87:3.

"The Cowlitz Convention: Inception of Washington Territory," Edmond S. Meany, 13:1.

"The Emergence of the Farmer-Labor Party in Washington Politics, 1919-20," Hamilton Cravens, 57:4.

"Equality Colony: The Plan to Socialize Washington," Charles P. LeWarne, 59:3.

"Farmer-Labor Insurgency in Washington State: William Bouck, the Grange, and the Western Progressive Farmers," Carlos A. Schwantes, 76:1.

"Farmers and Wobblies in the Yakima Valley, 1933," James G. Newbill, 68:2.

"A Government of Their Own," Dorothy O. Johansen, 44:2.

"The 'Hell-Soaked Institution' and the Washington Prohibition Initiative of 1914," Norman Clark, 56:1.

"History of the Liquor Laws of the State of Washington," Anna Sloan Walker, 5:2.

"The Impeachment Trial of John H. Schively," H. J. Bergman, 59:3.

"Initiative and Referendum in Washington," Claudius O. Johnson, 36:1.

"Legislative Power to Amend Initiatives in Washington State," Gordon E. Baker, 55:1.

"The Movement for Statehood in Washington," Keith A. Murray, 32:4.

"The New Order of Cincinnatus: Municipal Politics in Seattle During the 1930s," George W. Scott, 64:4.

"Peculiar Populist: An Assessment of John R. Rogers," Karel D. Bicha, 65:3.

"Pension Politics in Washington State, 1948," Allen Yarnell, 61:3.

"Populism in the Palouse: Old Ideals and New Realities," Thomas W. Riddle, 65:3.

"Populism in Washington: A Study of the Legislature of 1897," Carroll H. Woody, 21:2.

"The Progressives of Washington, 1910-12," William T. Kerr, Jr., 55:1.

"'Raising Cain': Senator Harry Cain and His Attack on the Attorney General's List of Subversive Organizations," Robert Justin Goldstein, 98:2.

"Reform Politics in Seattle During the Progressive Era, 1902-1916," Mansel G. Blackford, 59:4.

"Right in the Eye: The Political Style of Dixy Lee Ray," Kurt Kim Schaefer, 93:2.

"Senator Henry Jackson, the Solzhenitsyn Affair, and American Liberalism," Jeff Bloodworth, 97:2.

"Taxing the Few: The First Federal Income Tax in Washington Territory," Phil Roberts, 79:2.

"Tom Foley's Last Campaign: Why Eastern Washington Voters Ousted the Speaker of the House," Kenton Bird, 95:1.

"Toward an Efficient and Moral Society: Washington State Minimum-Wage Law, 1913-1925," Joseph F. Tripp, 67:3.

"The Transition of the Washington Executive from Territory to Statehood," Robert H. Simmons, 55:2.

"The Walla Walla Separation Movement," C. S. Kingston, 24:2.

"The Washington State Reformatory at Monroe: A Progressive Ornament," Jack M. Holl and Roger A. Pederson, 67:1.


Race & Ethnicity (See also Indians): Subtopics, African Americans, Asians, Hispanics, Russians, and Scandinavians

"Appalachian Mountaineers in the Upper Cowlitz Basin," Woodrow R. Clevinger, 29:2.

"'The Boys' War': A Study in Frontier Racial Conflict, Journalism, and Folk History," Kenneth Wiggins Porter, 68:4.

"Creation of an Ethnic Community: Portland Jewry, 1851-1866," Scott Cline, 76:2.

"Demographic Borderlands: People of Mixed Heritage in the Russian American Company and the Hudson's Bay Company, 1670-1870," Roxanne Easley, 99:2.

"Eamon de Valera and the Northwest: Irish Nationalism Confronts the Red Scare," Timothy J. Sarbaugh, 81:4.

"Fort Colville's Fur Trade Families and the Dynamics of Race in the Pacific Northwest," Jean Barman & Bruce M. Watson, 90:3.

"The Pay Streak Spectacle: Representations of Race and Gender in the Amusement Quarters of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition," Manish Chalana, 100:1.

"Race, Industry, and the Aesthetic of a Changing Community in World War II Portland," Heather Fryer, 96:1.

"Race Relations and the Seattle Labor Movement, 1915-1929," Dana Frank, 86:1.

"'Races of a Questionable Ethnical Type': Origins of the Jurisdiction of the U.S. Bureau of Education in Alaska, 1867-1885," Stephen Haycox, 75:4.

"Racism and Temperance: The Politics of Class and Gender in Late 19th-Century Seattle," John Putman, 95:2.

"Southern Appalachian Highlanders in Western Washington," Woodrow R. Clevinger, 33:1.

"The Seattle Jewish Community: A Photographic Essay," Karyl Winn, 70:2.

"Seattle Race Relations During the Second World War," Howard A. Droker, 67:4.

"With All Deliberate Caution: School Integration in Seattle, 1954-1968," Doris H. Pieroth, 73:2.

African Americans

"Black Man in White Town," Thomas C. Hogg, 63:1.

"Blacks and the Coal Mines of Western Washington, 1888–1896," Robert A. Campbell, 73:4.

"Boeing Aircraft Company's Manpower Campaign during World War II," Polly Reed Myers, 98:4.

"Building a West Coast Ghetto: African-American Housing in Portland, 1910–1960," Stuart McElderry, 92:3.

"Crusade for Equality: Spokane's Civil Rights Movement during the Early 1960s," Dwayne A. Mack, 95:1.

"George Bush, the Voyageur," John Edwin Ayer, 7:1.

"James Saules, Peter Burnett, and the Oregon Black Exclusion Law of June 1844," Thomas C. McClintock, 86:3.

"Jim Crow in the Tri-Cities, 1943-1950," Robert Bauman, 96:3.

"The Nearly Forgotten Blacks on Last Chance Gulch, 1900-1912," William L. Lang, 70:2.

"The Press and the African-American Community: The Role of the Northwest Enterprise in the 1930s," Gerald J. Baldasty & Mark E. LaPointe, 94:1.

"Slavery and the Oregon Territorial Issue: Prelude to the Compromise of 1850," R. Alton Lee, 64:3.

"Turner's Safety Valve and Free Negro Western Migration," George R. Woolfolk, 56:3.

"Were We the 'Last Best Hope'?: Slavery in the Social Order: An Essay Review," William Toll, 67:1.

Asians

"American Labor Leaders and the Vancouver Anti-Oriental Riots," Robert E. Wynne, 57:4.

"Anti-Chinese Outbreaks in Seattle, 1885-1886," Jules Alexander Karlin, 39:2.

"Anti-Chinese Riots in Washington," W. P. Wilcox, 20:3.

"'The Chinese Must Go': The United States Army and the Anti-Chinese Riots in Washington Territory, 1885-1886," Clayton D. Laurie, 81:1.

"'Chink Chink Chinaman': The Beginning of Nativism in Montana," Larry D. Quinn, 58:2.

"Colonial Ethnology and the Igorrote Village at the AYP," Jon Olivera, 101:3/4.

"An Early Account of Japanese Life in the Pacific Northwest: Writings of Nagai Kafu," ed. and trans. Stephen W. Kohl, 70:2.

"Early American Contacts with the Japanese," Clifford M. Drury, 36:4.

"The Exile and Return of Seattle's Japanese," Roger Daniels, 88:4.

"'A Fearless, Patriotic, Clean-Cut Stand': Idaho's Governor Clark and Japanese-American Relocation in World War II," Robert C. Sims, 70:2.

"For the Sake of Seattle's Soul: The Seattle Council of Churches, the Nikkei Community, and World War II," Douglas Dye, 93:3.

"Gateway to the Orient: Japan and Seattle's Nikkei Community at the AYP," Shelly Sang-Hee Lee, 101:3/4.

"George Bronson Rea: From Old China Hand to Apologist for Japan," Frederick B. Hoyt, 69:2.

"Japanese Exclusion from American Fisheries, 1936-1939: The Department of State and the Public Interest," Jonathan G. Utley, 65:1.

"The Japanese Minority in the Pacific Northwest," S. Frank Miyamoto, 54:4.

"Lessons in Citizenship, 1945-1949: The Delayed Return of the Japanese to Canada's Pacific Coast," Patricia E. Roy, 93:2.

"Nikkei Life in the Northwest: Photographic Impressions, 1912-1954," Louis Fiset, 91:1.

"Nineteenth-Century Chinese and the Environment of the Pacific Northwest," Daniel Liestman, 90:1.

"'Play Ball!': Baseball and Seattle's Japanese-American Courier League, 1928-1941," Samuel O. Regalado, 87:1.

"Reaction of the College Nisei to Japan and Japanese Foreign Policy from the Invasion of Manchuria to Pearl Harbor," Robert W. O’Brien, 36:1.

"Redress for Nisei Public Employees in Washington State after World War II," Louis Fiset, 88:1.

"The Relocation of Alaska's Japanese Residents," Claus-M. Naske, 74:3.

"Strangers in a Strange Land: Japanese Castaways and the Opening of Japan," Stephen W. Kohl, 73:1.

"'There are Chinese and Chinese': Regional Variations in Imagining the 'Other,' an Illustrated Essay and Review," Chris Friday, 89:2.

"Thinning, Topping, and Loading: Japanese Americans and Beet Sugar in World War II," Louis Fiset, 90:3.

"The Toledo Incident: The Deportation of the Nikkei from an Oregon Mill Town," Stefan Tanaka, 69:3.

"The Vancouver Riot and Its International Significance," Howard H. Sugimoto, 64:4.

"'The Various Celestials among Our Town': Euro-American Response to Port Townsend's Chinese Colony," Daniel Liestman, 85:3.

Hispanics

"Chicanos in the Pacific Northwest: A Demographic and Socioeconomic Portrait," Richard W. Slatta, 70:4.

"Mexican Labor in the Pacific Northwest, 1943-1947: A Photographic Essay," Erasmo Gamboa, 73:4.

"Mexican Migration into Washington State: A History, 1940-1950," Erasmo Gamboa, 72:3.

"The 'Spanish Origin' Population of Oregon and Washington: A Demographic Profile, 1980," Richard W. Slatta & Maxine P. Atkinson, 75:3.

Russians

"Alaska Under the Russians—Barnof the Builder," C. L. Andrews, 7:3.

"Alaska Under the Russians—Industry, Trade, and Social Life," C. L. Andrews, 7:4.

"The Reopening of the Russian-American Convention of 1824," Victor J. Farrar, 11:2.

"The Rise and Decline of the Lebedev-Lastochkin Company: Russian Colonization of South Central Alaska, 1787-1798," Katerina Solovjova & Aleksandra Vovnyanko, 90:4.

"Russian Shipbuilding in the American Colonies," Clarence L. Andrews, 25:1.

Scandinavians

"Danish Immigrant Disillusionment in the Pacific Northwest," Frederick Hale, 71:1.

"Finnish Cultural Landscapes in the Pacific Northwest," Jon T. Kilpinen, 86:1.

"Finns on Both Sides: The Development of Finnish Communities along the Lower Columbia River," P. G. Hummasti, 93:3.

"The Norwegians in the Pacific Coast Fisheries," Sverre Arestad 34:1.

"Old World Paths in the New: Scandinavians Find Familiar Home in Washington," Jorgen Dahlie, 61:2.


Railroads

"Bibliography of Railroads in the Pacific Northwest," Marian Cordz, 12:2.

"Burlington Northern and the Legacy of Mount St. Helens," Alfred Runte, 74:3.

"Early Development of Railroads in the Pacific Northwest," C. J. Smith, 13:4.

"Ghost Railway in Alaska: The Story of the Tanana Valley Railroad," Duane Koenig, 45:1.

"The Great Northern Pacific Plan of 1927," Ross R. Cotroneo, 54:3.

"Hill's Dream Realized: The Burlington Northern's Eight-Decade Gestation," Don L. Hofsommer, 79:4.

"A History of the Railroads in Washington," Sol H. Lewis, 3:3.

"The Importance of Railroads in the Development of Northwestern Montana," Flora Mae Bellefleur Isch, 41:1.

"The Jacksonville Cannonball: The History of the Rogue River Valley Railway, 1890-1925," Francis D. Haines, 50:4.

"James J. Hill's 'Lost Opportunity on the Pacific'," Gary Dean Best, 64:1.

"The Milwaukee Road's Pacific Extension, 1909-1929: The Photographs of Asahel Curtis," Carlos A. Schwantes, 72:1.

"The Oregon and California Railroad Land Grant, 1866-1945," David Maldwyn Ellis, 39:4.

"Railroad Labor Protests, 1894-1917: From Community to Class in the Pacific Northwest," W. Thomas White, 75:1.

"Reclaiming the Arid West: The Role of the Northern Pacific Railway in Irrigating Kennewick, Washington," Dorothy Zeisler-Vralsted, 84:4.

"Seeking the Pacific: The Chicago & North Western's Plans to Reach the West Coast," H. Roger Grant, 81:2.

"Snake River Railroad," Ross R. Cotroneo, 56:3.

"They Rode the Trains: Railroad Passenger Traffic and Regional Reaction," Jonas A. Jonasson, 52:2.

"United States v. Northern Pacific Railway Company: The Final Settlement of the Land Grant Case, 1924-1941," Ross R. Cotroneo, 71:3.

"'Wise, Swift, and Sure'? The Great Northern Entry into Seattle, 1889-1894," Frank Leonard, 92:2.


Ranching & Livestock

"Cattle Trade Through Snoqualmie Pass," J. Orin Oliphant, 38:3.

"Conflict on the Frontier: The Case of Harney County, Oregon, 1870-1900," Margaret L. Sullivan, 66:4.

"Introduction of Cattle in the Pacific Northwest," C. S. Kingston, 14:3.

"The Origins of the Central Oregon Range War of 1904," Jeffrey Oslter, 79:1.

"Range Sheep Industry in Kittitas County, Washington," R. M. Shaw, 33:2.

"The Rise and Decline of the Early Rodeo Cowgirl: The Career of Mabel Strickland, 1916-1941," Michael Allen, 83:4.

"Stock Grazing in Washington's Nile Valley: Receding Ranges in the Cascades," Gretta Gossett, 55:3.

"Winter Losses of Cattle in the Oregon Country, 1847-1890," J. Orin Oliphant, 23:1.


Regionalism

"Bicentennial Histories of the Far Western States: An Essay Review," Earl Pomeroy, 73:2.

"The Columbia River Historical Expedition," Donald MacRae, 17:3.

"Eastward Expansion of Population from the Pacific Slope," Guy Vernon Bennett, 3:2.

"The Frontier West as an Image of American Society, 1776-1860," Rush Welter, 52:1.

"In Search of Regional Expression: The Washington State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 86:4.

"Oregon's Role in American History: A Old Theme Recast," Dorothy O. Johansen, 40:2.

"Northwest Region—Fact or Fiction?" John H. Binns, 48:3.

"The Pacific Northwest as a Cultural Region," Raymond D. Gastil, 64:4.

"Pacific Northwest History in Some World Perspectives," Herman J. Deutsch, 64:1.

"Regionalism, Nationalism, Localism: The Pacific Northwest in American History," George A. Frykman, 43:4.

"Robert E. Strahorn, Propagandist for the West," Oliver Knight, 59:1.

"Something in the Soil? Literature and Regional Identity in the 20th-Century Pacific Northwest," John M. Findlay, 97:4.

"The West and American Ideals," Frederick Jackson Turner, 5:4.


Religion (See also Indians, Religion): Subtopics, Missionaries and Mormons

"Clergy Opinion and the New Deal: The State of Washington as a Case Study," Monroe Billington & Cal Clark, 81:3.

"The Condition of the Orthodox Church in Russian America: Innokentii Veniaminov's History of the Russian Church in Alaska," trans. and ed., Robert Nichols & Robert Croskey, 63:2.

"The Love Israel Family: An Urban Commune Becomes a Rural Commune," Charles P. LeWarne, 89:2.

"Preachers in Politics: A Conflict Touching the Methodist Church in Oregon," Robert N. Peters, 63:4.

"Religion and the Idaho Constitution," Dennis L. Thompson, 58:4.

"Religion in Oregon: Recent Demographic Currents in the Mainstream," Mark A. Shibley, 83:3.

"The Reverend William Ellery Copeland: A Christian Socialist in the Northwest," Charles P. LeWarne, 81:1.

"Russian Orthodoxy in the Pacific Northwest: The Diary of Father Michael Andreades, 1905-1906," Brigit Farley, 92:3.

"The Russian Orthodox Church in Alaska: Innokentii Veniaminov's Supplementary Account :1858.," trans. Robert Croskey, 66:1.

"Sheldon Jackson and Benjamin Harrison: Presbyterians and the Administration of Alaska," Ted C. Hinckley, 54:2.

"Vendovi Island: Father Divine's 'Peaceful Paradise of the Pacific,'" Charles P. LeWarne, 75:1.

Missionaries

"Baptist and Other Home Missionary Labors in the Pacific Northwest, 1865-1890," J. Orin Oliphant & Ambrose Saricks, Jr., 41:2.

"The Case of Frank Fuller: The Killer of Alaska Missionary Charles Seghers," Gerard G. Steckler, 59:4.

"Clifford Merrill Drury, 1897-1984: The Oregon Mission of the American Board and Its Historian," Thomas F. Andrews, 75:3.

"The Methodists and the Formation of the Oregon Provisional Government," Kent D. Richards, 61:2.

"A Missionary Tour of Washington Territory: T. Dwight Hunt's 1855 Report," Robert H. Keller, Jr., 76:4.

"The Murder of Missionary Thornton," Maurice Montgomery, 54:4.

"The Oregon Mission—Its Transition," John M. Canse, 25:3.

"Beginning of Mission Work in Alaska by the Presbyterian Church," William Sylvester Holt, 11:2.

"A Project for a Christian Mission on the Northwest Coast of America, 1798," J. Orin Oliphant, 36:2.

"Records of Baptist Home Missionary Activity in Oregon Territory to 1860," J. Orin Oliphant, 25:4.

"Two Roads to Conversion: Protestant and Catholic Missionaries in the Pacific Northwest," Francis Paul Prucha, 79:4.

"William I. Marshall and the Legend of Marcus Whitman," Michael B. Husband, 64:2.

Mormons

"Alberta Polygamists? The Canadian Climate and Response to the Introduction of Mormonism's 'Peculiar Institution,'" Dan Erickson, 86:4.

"Mormon Colonization Scheme for Vancouver Island," J. B. Munro, 25:4.

"The Mormon Invasion and Settlement of the Upper Snake River Plain in the 1800s: The Case of Lewisville, Idaho," Ronald R. Boyce, 78:1/2.

"The Mormons Come to Canada, 1887-1902," Lawrence B. Lee, 59:1.

"The Mormon Road," Hiram F. White, 6:4.

"Origins of Anti-Mormonism in Idaho, 1872-1880," Merle W. Wells, 47:4.

Protestants

"Billy Sunday in Spokane: Revivalism and Social Control," Dale E. Soden, 79:1.

"Christianity, a Matter of Choice: The Historic Role of Indian Catechists in Oregon Territory and British Columbia," Margaret Whitehead, 72:3.

"The 'Half-Catholic' Movement: Edwin and Myron Eells and the Rise of the Indian Shaker Church," George Pierre Castile, 73:4.

"The Indian Connection: Judge James Wickersham and the Indian Shakers," George Pierre Castile, 81:4.

"John Booth Good in British Columbia: The Trials and Tribulations of the Church, 1861-99," F. A. Peake, 75:2.

"Mark Allison Matthews: Seattle's Minister Rediscovered," Dale Soden, 74:2.


Science & Technology

"Captain John Mullan and the Engineers' Frontier," Samuel Flagg Bemis, 14:3.

"Defense of the Hanford Site During the Early Years of the Cold War," David Harvey, 95:2.

"Dr. John Evans, U. S. Geologist, 1851-1861," Richard X. Evans, 26:2.

"Hanford and Its Early Radioactive Atmospheric Releases," Daniel Grossman, 85:1.

"H-Bombs and Eskimos: The Story of Project Chariot," Dan O'Neill, 85:1.

"History and Science," Edmond S. Meany, 19:2.

"History of Chemical Education in Washington," H. K. Benson, 20:3.

"History of Geology in the State of Washington," Henry Landes, 19:4.

"Introduction to the Nuclear Northwest," Bruce Hevly, 85:1.

"The National Reactor Testing Station: The Atomic Energy Commission in Idaho, 1949-1962," Jack M. Hall, 85:1.

"The Science of Bacteriology in the State of Washington," John Weinzirl, 20:2.

"'Some Volcanoes, Volcanic Eruptions, and Earthquakes in the Former Russian America': Peter Doroshin's Account of Volcanic Activity and Earthquakes between 1840 and 1866," Jerome B. Kisslinger trans., 74:2.

"The University of Washington and the Controversy over J. Robert Oppenheimer," Jane A. Sanders, 70:1.

"Victoria Welcomes the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory: Science and Society in the Pacific Northwest," George E. Webb, 94:4.


Sports & Recreation

"Entrepreneurs and Progressives: Baseball in the Northwest, 1900-1901," James Warnock, 82:3.

"'To Foster Honorable Pastimes': Baseball as a Civic Endeavor in 1880s Seattle," Scott Cline, 87:1.

"The Great Race of 1941: A Coast Salish Public Relations Coup," Bruce G. Miller, 89:3.

"'Play Ball': Baseball and Seattle's Japanese-American Courier League, 1928-1941," Samuel O. Regalado, 87:1.

"Sport Fishing on the Columbia River," Lisa Mighetto, 87:1.

"Toast of the Town in the Thirties: Seattle's Washington Athletic Club and Its Champion Swimmers," Doris H. Pieroth, 87:1.

"Winter Sports in the Western Mountains," Joseph T. Hazard, 44:1.


Tourism & Boosterism

"Advertising and the Klondike," Jeanette Paddock Nichols, 13:1.

"The Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition, 1909," George A. Frykman, 53:3.

"The Bellingham Bay Improvement Company: Boomers or Boosters," Beth Kraig, 80:4.

"Burlington Northern and the Legacy of Mount St. Helens," Alfred Runte, 74:3.

"The Concessionaires of Yellowstone National Park: Genesis of a Policy, 1882-1892," Richard A. Bartlett, 74:1.

"In Search of Regional Expression: The Washington State Building at the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 86:4.

"The Inside Passage: A Popular Gilded Age Tour," Ted C. Hinckley, 56:2.

"The Off-center Seattle Center: Downtown Seattle and the 1962 World's Fair," John M. Findlay, 80:1.

"The Olmstead Brothers and the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition: 'External Loveliness,'" Norman J. Johnston, 75:2.

"The "Seattle Spirit" Meets The Alaskan: A Story of Business, Boosterism, and the Arts," Richard H. Engeman, 81:2.


Washington (See also Politics, Washington): Subtopics, Eastern Washington and Seattle

"'Ambition Has Always Been My God': William Winlock Miller and Opportunity in Washington Territory," William L. Lang, 83:3.

"Blacks and the Coal Mines of Western Washington, 1888–1896," Robert A. Campbell, 73:4

"A Capitol in Search of an Architect," Norman J. Johnston, 73:1.

"Carl August Darmer: Architect for the City of Destiny," Dennis A. Andersen, 71:1.

"'The Chinese Must Go': The United States Army and the Anti-Chinese Riots in Washington Territory, 1885-1886," Clayton D. Laurie, 81:1.

"Clergy Opinion and the New Deal: The State of Washington as a Case Study," Monroe Billington & Cal Clark, 81:3.

"History of the Discoveries and Physical Development of the Coal Industry in the State of Washington," F. E. Melder, 29:2.

"Design for a Lumber Town by Bebb and Gould, Architects: A World War I Project in Washington's Wilderness," T. William Booth, 82:4.

"Early Library Development in Washington," Charles W. Smith, 17:4.

"Everett, 1916, and After," Norman H. Clark, 57:2.

"The First Tacoma Narrows Bridge: A Brief History of Galloping Gertie," Albert F. Gunns, 72:4.

"Fishery Conservation in Washington," Tim Kelley, 38:1.

"The Frederick Law Olmstead Plan for Tacoma," Norman J. Johnston, 66:3.

"Grange Attitudes in Washington, 1889-1896," Harriet P. Crawford, 30:3.

"History of Pharmacy in the State of Washington," C. W. Johnson, 20:2.

"History of the Fisheries in the State of Washington," John N. Cobb, 20:1.

"Inland Transport and Communication in Washington, 1844-1859," Oscar Osburn Winther, 30:4.

"Mental Health Policy in Washington Territory, 1853-1875," Russell Hollander, 71:4.

"Mexican Migration into Washington State: A History, 1940-1950," Erasmo Gamboa, 72:3.

"The Military Roads of Washington Territory," Thomas W. Prosch, 2:2.

"The Mount Olympus National Monument," Clifford Edwin Roloff, 25:3.

"Mount Rainier and PNQ: A National Park Centennial Album," 90:1.

"The Mount Saint Helens Eruptions: An Evaluation of Popular and Scholarly Literature," Glenda J. Pearson, 72:3.

"Notes on the History of Botany in the State of Washington," George B. Rigg, 20:3.

"Old World Paths in the New: Scandinavians Find Familiar Home in Washington," Jorgen Dahlie, 61:2.

"The One Big Union in Washington," David Jay Bercuson, 69:3.

"Pioneer Private Bankers in Washington," N. R. Knight, 25:4.

"Primary Source Materials in Washington Maritime History," James H. Hitchman, 65:2.

"The Promotion of Emigration to Washington, 1854-1909," Arthur J. Brown, 36:1.

"The Public Land Surveys in Washington," Fred Yonce, 63:4.

"Subsistence and Survival: The Makah Indian Reservation, 1855-1933," Cary C. Collins, 87:4.

"The U and I Sugar Company in Washington," Leonard Arrington, 57:3.

"Washington Coastal Indian Villages, 1907: The Photographs of Albert Henry Barnes," Carolyn J. Marr, 74:3.

"Washington Forts of the Fur Trade Regime," O. B. Sperlin, 8:2.

"Washington State and Tribal Sovereignty: A 1979 Debate on Indian Law," ed. Robert H. Keller, Jr., 79:3.

"Washington State's Pioneer Labor-Reform Press: A Bibliographical Essay and Annotated Checklist," Carlos A. Schwantes, 71:3.

"The Woman Suffrage Movement in Washington," T. A. Larson, 67:2.

Eastern Washington

"Agriculture in Eastern Washington," Robert C. Nesbit & Charles M. Gates, 37:4.

"Business, Government, and Prostitution in Spokane, Washington, 1889–1910," Jef Rettmann, 89:2.

"Crusade for Equality: Spokane's Civil Rights Movement during the Early 1960s," Dwayne A. Mack, 95:1.

"'The Early Morning of Yakima's Day of Greatness': The Yakima County Agricultural Boom of 1905-1911," G. Thomas Edwards, 73:2.

"The Farm Labor Problem in Washington," 1917-18, Carl F. Reuss, 34:4.

"Farmers and Wobblies in the Yakima Valley, 1933," James G. Newbill, 68:2.

"The First Militia in Eastern Washington Territory ," William S. Lewis, 11:4.

"Inland Empire Mining and the Growth of Spokane, 1883-1905," W. Hudson Kensel, 60:2.

"Jim Crow in the Tri-Cities, 1943-1950," Robert Bauman, 96:3.

"The Million-Dollar Corner: The Development of Downtown Spokane, 1890-1920," John Fahey, 62:2.

"The New Settlers of the Yakima Project, 1880-1910," C. Brewster Coulter, 61:1.

"Optimistic Imagination: The Spokane Stock Exchange," John Fahey, 95:3.

"Range Sheep Industry in Kittitas County, Washington," R. M. Shaw, 33:2.

"The Victory of National Irrigation in the Yakima Valley, 1902-1906," Calvin B. Coulter, 42:2.

"'Where the Old West Greets the New': Linking Hanford, the Tri-Cities, and the Columbia Basin in Photographs," Bruce Hevly, 101:2.

"Wobblies on the Farm: The IWW in the Yakima Valley," Cletus E. Daniel, 65:4.

Seattle

"A. B. Chamberlin: the Illustration of Seattle Architecture, 1890-1896," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner, 81:4.

"The Aberdeen, Washington, Free Speech Fight of 1911-1912," Charles Pierce LeWarne, 66:1.

"Anti-Chinese Outbreaks in Seattle, 1885-1886," Jules Alexander Karlin, 39:2.

"Architecture for Seattle Schools, 1880-1900," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner & Dennis Alan Andersen, 83:4.

"Arts Activists and Seattle's Cultural Expansion, 1954-65," Janice Peck, 76:3.

"The Business Leaders of Seattle, 1880-1910," Norbert McDonald, 50:1.

"The Charles Niederhauser Case: Patriotism in the Seattle Schools, 1919," Keith A. Murray, 74:1.

"The Defense of Seattle, 1856: 'And Down Came the Indians,'" Bernard C. Nalty & Truman R. Strobridge, 55:3.

"Early Telephone Use in Seattle, 1880s-1920s," Keiko Tanaka, 92:4.

"Eugene Semple's Seattle Canal Scheme," Alan A. Hyding, 59:2.

"Fair City: Seattle as Host of the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition," John M. Findlay, 100:1.

"Forty Years of Symphony in Seattle, 1903-1943," Edward Sheppard & Emily Johnson, 35:1.

"Frank Lloyd Wright Houses in the Seattle Area," Donald Leslie Johnson, 88:1.

"'In Gauze We Trust': Public Health and Spanish Influenza on the Home Front, Seattle, 1918-1919," Nancy Rockefeller, 77:3.

"The Kirkland Steel Mill: Adventure in Western Enterprise," William R. Sherrard, 53:4.

"Meeting the Danger of Fire: Design and Construction in Seattle after 1889," Jeffrey Karl Ochsner & Dennis Alan Andersen, 93:3.

"The Off-center Seattle Center: Downtown Seattle and the 1962 World's Fair," John M. Findlay, 80:1.

"The Old Navy in the Pacific West: Naval Discipline in Seattle, 1855-1856," Lorraine McConaghy, 98:1.

"Paris or New York?: The Shaping of Downtown Seattle, 1903-14," J. M. Neil, 75:1.

"Plan and Pattern Books: Shaping Early Seattle Architecture," Dennis A. Andersen & Katheryn H. Krafft, 85:4.

"'Play Ball!': Baseball and Seattle's Japanese-American Courier League, 1928-1941," Samuel O. Regalado, 87:1.

"Race Relations and the Seattle Labor Movement, 1915-1929," Dana Frank, 86:1.

"Racism and Temperance: The Politics of Class and Gender in Late 19th-Century Seattle," John Putman, 95:2.

"The Seattle General Strike of 1919," Robert L. Friedheim, 52:3.

"Seattle's "Ditch": The Corps of Engineers and the Lake Washington Ship Canal," Robert E. Ficken, 77:1.

"The "Seattle Spirit" Meets The Alaskan: A Story of Business, Boosterism, and the Arts," Richard H. Engeman, 81:2.

"Secondary Education in Washington Territory," Howard A. Hanson, 41:4.

"Struggle for Public Ownership: The Early History of the Port of Seattle," Padraic Burke, 68:2.

"'The Warring Boards": Sanitary Regulation and the Control of Infectious Disease in the Seattle Public Schools, 1892-1900," Stephen Wollworth, 96:1.

"With All Deliberate Caution: School Integration in Seattle, 1954-1968," Doris H. Pieroth, 73:2.


Water, Water Power, and Irrigation (See also Maritime)

"Battle for Ice Harbor Dam: Fish, Navigation, and the Lower Snake River, 1948–1962," Keith C. Petersen, 86:4.

"Building the Tieton Irrigation Canal," Calvin Brewster Coulter, 49:1.

"The Columbia River," Miles C. Moore, 6:3.

"Early Irrigation in the Boise Valley," Paul L. Murphy, 44:4.

"The Early History of the Palouse River and Its Names," Albert W. Thompson, 62:2.

"Eugene Semple's Seattle Canal Scheme," Alan A. Hyding, 59:2.

"The Fight for an Irrigation Empire in the Yellowstone River Valley," Hugh T. Lovin, 89:4.

"Fighting for Aluminum and for Itself: The Bonneville Power Administration, 1939-1949," Harry H. Stein, 99:1.

"Genesis and Development of a Regional Power Agency in the Pacific Northwest, 1933-43," Herman C. Voeltz, 53:2.

"The Grand Coulee," Henry Landes, 15:2.

"History of Irrigation in the State of Washington," Rose M. Boening, 9:4 & 10:1.

"History of Lake Washington Canal," Neil H. Purvis, 25:2.

"Hydro-Electric Power in Washington," C. Edward Magnusson, 19:2.

"Hydropower in Juneau: Technology as a Guide to the Development of an Alaskan Community," John S. Whitehead, 75:2.

"International Policy for Ocean Resource Management: An Essay Review," 65:1.

"Irrigation, Apples, and Spokane County," John Fahey, 84:1.

"LaSalle Street Capitalists, Charles Hammett, and Irrigated Farming at King Hill," Hugh T. Lovin, 98:1.

"More Land for Industry: The Story of Flood Control in the Green River Valley," Howard A. Hanson, 48:1.

Power Development on the Upper Columbia River—a Symposium, 49:3.

"Reclaiming the Arid West: The Role of the Northern Pacific Railway in Irrigating Kennewick, Washington," Dorothy Zeisler-Vralsted, 84:4.

"Roll on Columbia: A Flood of New Books about the Columbia River," 88:1.

"Seattle's "Ditch": The Corps of Engineers and the Lake Washington Ship Canal," Robert E. Ficken, 77:1.

"The Victory of National Irrigation in the Yakima Valley, 1902-1906," Calvin B. Coulter, 42:2.

"Wally Hickel's Big Garden Hose: The Alaska Water Pipeline to California," Terrence Cole. 86:2.

"Water from Pend Oreille: The Gravity Plan for Irrigating the Columbia Basin," Bruce C. Harding, 45:2.


Women & Gender

"The Autobiography of Ella Byers Scott: Homestead Life in North Central Washington, 1906–1950," ed. Sarah Hill, 88:3.

"Being on the Northwest Coast: Emily Carr, Cascadian," Robert Thacker, 90:4.

"Bertha Knight Landes: The Woman Who Was Mayor," Doris H. Pieroth, 75:3.

"Boeing Aircraft Company's Manpower Campaign during World War II," Polly Reed Myers, 98:4.

"Business, Government, and Prostitution in Spokane, Washington, 1889–1910," Jef Rettmann, 89:2.

"Homestead on Hold: Edna Tompkins's Peace River Letters, 1916," Doris H. Pieroth, 80:4.

"Laura Hall Peters: Pursuing the Myth of Equality," Barbara Cloud, 74:1.

"Mary Desha, Alaskan Schoolteacher of 1888," James C. Klotter and Freda Campbell Klotter, 71:2.

"Mary Williamson Avery :1907-1975.," Herman J. Deutsch, 66:4.

"May Arkwright Hutton," Benjamin H. Kizer, 57:2.

"The Memoir of Eleanor Castellan: The Years in the Pacific Northwest, 1910-1919," ed. James W. Castellan & Norman H. Clark, 91:1.

"Normal Schools of the Pacific Northwest: The Lifelong Impact of Extracurricular Club Activities on Women Students at Teacher-Training Institutions, 1890-1917," Karen J. Blair, 101:1.

"'The Powerful Instrumentalities of Our Up-building': The Woman's Study League of Pocatello, 1896-1916," Holly J. Buck, 93:1.

"Putting Feminism to a Vote: The Washington State Women's Council, 1963-78," Janine A. Parry, 91:4.

"Reclaiming Jefferson's Ideals: Abigail Scott Duniway's Ode to Lewis and Clark," Albert Furtwangler, 98:4.

"Recollections of Deep River," Mildred Evans McLean, 70:3.

"The Rise and Decline of the Early Rodeo Cowgirl: The Career of Mabel Strickland, 1916-1941," Michael Allen, 83:4.

"Sacagawea and the Suffragettes: An Interpretation of a Myth," Ronald W. Taber, 58:1.

"Sacagawea: Pilot or Pioneer Mother?," Jan C. Dawson, 83:1.

"Sinrock Mary: From Eskimo Wife to Reindeer Queen," Dorothy Jean Ray, 75:3.

"The Tragic Legend of Laura Law," Robert Saltvig, 78:3.

"'The Whole Process Made a Wonderful Story': The Women's Campaign for Redistricting," John Fahey, 93:4.

"The Wife of Portsmouth's Tale, 1813-1818: An Apology to Miss Jane Barnes," George I. Quimby, 71:3.

"A Woman Acting Alone: Louise Olivereau and the First World War," Sarah E. Sharbach, 78:1/2.

"Woman Suffrage in Wyoming," T. A. Larson, 56:2.

"The Woman Suffrage Movement in Washington," T. A. Larson, 67:2.

"Women of the Seattle Public Schools," Doris H. Pieroth, 91:1-4 & 92:1. (series)

Center for the Study of the Pacific Northwest