BB928 Health Sciences
The Department of Rehabilitation Medicine provides education for medical students, interns, residents, and allied health students in occupational therapy, physical therapy, and prosthetics and orthotics in a comprehensive approach to rehabilitation problems. This includes special diagnostic and evaluative procedures; methods and rationale in the application of principles of occupational therapy, physical therapy, prosthetics and orthotics, and other health professions; and advanced investigation of special problems encountered in the field. In addition, the department conducts a residency training program for the specialty of physical medicine and rehabilitation.
The department offers curricula leading to the following degrees: Master of Occupational Therapy, Doctor of Physical Therapy, Master of Prosthetics and Orthotics, and a PhD in rehabilitation science.
The profession of occupational therapy appeals to people who enjoy thinking creatively and flexibly to solve problems, and who want to help people with disabilities perform activities important in their daily lives. Occupational therapists provide services related to occupational performance (activities) in everyday life in the areas of self-care, work, education, or play and leisure. They work with people who have physical illness or injury, social or emotional difficulties, congenital or developmental problems, or who are in need of preventive strategies to enhance health and well-being; and with people in all age groups from diverse cultural and ethnic groups and socioeconomic levels.
Occupational therapists help people with impairments or limitations live as productive and as high quality of life as life as possible. Services focus on increasing independence, enhancing development, providing compensatory strategies, and minimizing or preventing disability. Therapists adapt activities and environments, select therapy activities meaningful to clients, and provide client, family, and caregiver education. For example, an occupational therapist may teach adaptive dressing techniques to a client who has lost use of a hand following a stroke, help a child with autism interact with peers, or modify a computer for a young adult with a spinal cord injury returning to work.
Today's occupational therapists practice in rehabilitation centers, outpatient rehabilitation clinics, schools, hospitals, mental health facilities, private practice, skilled nursing facilities, home healthcare, and community health programs. The most common work settings for occupational therapists are school systems, hospitals, and long-term care facilities. The current and future job outlook for occupational therapists is excellent. The occupational therapy program is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE), which can be contacted at: ACOTE c/o Accreditation Department AOTA, 4720 Montgomery Lane, Suite 200, Bethesda, MD, 20814-3449, phone (301) 652-2682. Standards comply with the U.S. Department of Education criteria for recognition of accrediting agencies. Graduates of the program are eligible to sit for the national certification examination for occupational therapist. The National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy (NBCOT) is the certifying agency responsible for development and implementation of this examination. Most states, including Washington, require state licensure in order to practice.
Master of Occupational Therapy
Courses: To be completed in the scheduled sequence, beginning autumn quarter only, at the UW: REHAB 510, REHAB 520, REHAB 522, REHAB 533, REHAB 541, REHAB 542, REHAB 543, REHAB 544, REHAB 545, REHAB 548, REHAB 551, REHAB 566, REHAB 570, REHAB 571, REHAB 572, REHAB 574, REHAB 575, REHAB 576, REHAB 577, REHAB 578, REHAB 579, REHAB 580, REHAB 581, REHAB 582, REHAB 584, REHAB 585, REHAB 591, and REHAB 594.
GPA Requirement: cumulative 3.00 GPA in all required professional coursework to retain satisfactory standing and to graduate. Detailed scholastic requirements are available on the program's website at rehab.washington.edu/education/degree/ot/.
Continuation Policy: If at any point the OT curriculum cumulative GPA falls below 3.00, the student is placed on academic probation and must raise the GPA to 3.00 by the end of two subsequent quarters. Students unable to remove their probation status are subject to dismissal from the program. If a student receives a grade below 2.7 in a required course, continuation in the program is reviewed and determined by the Occupational Therapy Advisory and Evaluation Committee.
Fieldwork Placement: The student must satisfactorily complete all academic coursework before taking the two required Level II Fieldwork placements (REHAB 594). Both fieldwork placements must be satisfactorily completed within 24 months following completion of the academic portion of the program in order to graduate.
For more information on the Master of Occupational Therapy program, visit the department's website at rehab.washington.edu/education/degree/ot/.
Physical therapy is a direct form of professional patient care that can be applied in most disciplines of medicine. The principal objective in physical therapy is to restore or improve motor function in individuals with musculoskeletal or neuromuscular conditions.
Management of problems related to motor function is only part of the work of physical therapy. Equally important is rebuilding self-confidence and creating a desire to return to a normal, active life. Other primary objectives of physical therapy are prevention of disability and pain, and training in mobility skills for those who must adapt to permanent disability.
As a consequence of the scope of the profession, physical therapists function in a variety of settings, the most familiar being the hospital. Physical therapists also plan, provide, evaluate, and direct patient care in outpatient clinics, rehabilitation centers, health maintenance organizations, developmental centers, home-health agencies, schools, extended-care facilities, voluntary health programs, industry, and private practices. The physical therapist may be found anywhere quality healthcare is needed. Increasingly, physical therapists are becoming involved in basic and clinical research, such as the academic community, either as full-time faculty members or as supervisors of clinical education, and as consultants in local, state, and federal health-planning activities.
Physical therapists function in compliance with the licensing laws and ethical principles that govern the practice of physical therapy. The steps to licensure as a physical therapist vary slightly from state to state, but all physical therapists graduate from an accredited curriculum of physical therapy that includes a specific period of clinical training. As physical therapy relates to the majority of medical specialties, the education program is broad in scope, including an emphasis on physical and social sciences. The physical therapist evaluates the patient's problem by testing such factors as range of joint motion, muscle strength, posture and gait, pulmonary function, sensory perception, orthotic and prosthetic fit, reflexes and muscle tone, and functional skills. Intervention procedures used may include ultrasound, superficial heat and cold, electrical stimulation, massage, traction, joint mobilization, biofeedback, therapeutic exercise, and assisted ambulation training.
As with all professionals in health fields, physical therapists are responsible for subscribing to a program of continuing education. Some therapists also develop the knowledge and skills of a specialist via continuing education and concentrated practice in one area, such as sports or pediatric therapy. A formal mechanism for certifying specialists is implemented by the national professional association, the American Physical Therapy Association.
The University of Washington program in physical therapy is accredited by the American Physical Therapy Association Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education. For complete program details visit rehab.washington.edu/education/degree/pt.
Doctor of Physical Therapy
157 credits, as follows:
The prosthetist-orthotist is a member of the rehabilitation healthcare team, which also includes physicians, surgeons, physical and occupational therapists, psychologists, vocational rehabilitation counselors, and other appropriate specialists. The interdisciplinary rehab team works with physically challenged individuals to increase their functional abilities, enhance their daily life, and help them to participate in activities they enjoy.
Certified Prosthetists Orthotists (CPOs) provide direct patient care and management. CPOs work in conjunction with physicians, surgeons, and therapists to evaluate the prosthetic or orthotic needs of the patient. Prostheses replace or substitute for a missing limb or part of a limb, and orthoses help with the control of motion and the support of a weakened body segment. Before designing a specific device, the prosthetist-orthotist examines a patient to find any conditions that might affect the future success of that device. Following the evaluation, the prosthetist-orthotist obtains an impression of the affected segment along with the appropriate measurements. A technician fabricates the prosthesis or orthosis, and the prosthetist-orthotist assesses the fit and function of the device and follows up with the patient. as necessary. To evaluate the fit and function, the prosthetist-orthotist must have a detailed knowledge of anatomy and kinesiology, joint range of motion, muscle strength, human locomotion, material science, and the human-device interaction.
Graduate Program Coordintor
The prosthetics and orthotics division offers the following program of study:
Master of Prosthetics and Orthotics
See program website for complete details on admissions requirements.
112 credits as follows:
Doctor of Philosophy in Rehabilitation Science
Rehabilitation science is an interdisciplinary field that focuses on human function and disability. Basic and applied research from health sciences, social sciences, engineering, and related fields is directed toward (1) enhancing physical and psychosocial functioning, participation in life situations, and quality of life for people with disabilities; and (2) informing relevant social and healthcare policy.
The program targets students from diverse backgrounds in rehabilitation-related fields including occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech and language pathology, rehabilitation counseling, medicine, nursing, prosthetics and orthotics, and engineering.
The goal of the PhD program in rehabilitation science is to prepare future researchers, educators, and leaders in the area of rehabilitation science. Graduates contribute to the field of rehabilitation science, working in settings such as academic and research institutions, service delivery systems (e.g., hospitals, public schools), government agencies, and the private sector. These individuals are prepared to address research, education, service delivery, and policy issues from an interdisciplinary perspective.
100 credits minimum, as follows:
Core course series (21 credits): coursework and practicum experiences in teaching (minimum 5 credits), and coursework in statistics and research methods (minimum 18 credits). In addition, each student must complete three cognates (minimum 6 credits each) specific to the student's goals. The student's committee and the core faculty in the rehabilitation science doctoral program must approve the entire course of study.
General requirements: In addition to meeting all requirements of the UW Graduate School, all students are expected to meet the following general requirements.
For more information on the PhD program in rehabilitation science, visit the program's website at rehab.washington.edu/education/degree/rehabsci/.