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Asian Languages and Literature

Department Overview

225 Gowen

The Department of Asian Languages and Literature offers instruction in the principal languages and literatures of Asia, including East, Southeast, Central, and South Asia. Emphasis is placed on the roles of these languages within the cultures they serve as well as on linguistic, textual, and literary analysis. Courses on Asian literature in English are offered for majors and nonmajors alike.

Undergraduate Program

Adviser
223A Gowen, Box 353521
(206) 543-4996

The Department of Asian Languages and Literature offers the following undergraduate programs:

  • The Bachelor of Arts degree with majors in Chinese, Japanese (with either a linguistic or literature concentration), Korean, and South Asian languages and literature (Hindi and Sanskrit)
  • Minors in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and South Asian languages and literature

Bachelor of Arts

Suggested First- and Second-Year College Courses: First and second years of the target foreign language(s): Chinese, Japanese, Korean, or South Asian (Hindi or Sanskrit). Any courses relating to the area or discipline of major study.

Department Admission Requirements

  1. Minimum 20 credits of college coursework (or department-approved equivalent) in the intended primary language of concentration. The most recent course completed in the intended primary language of concentration must be taken at the UW, with a minimum 2.5.
  2. Completion of one writing course (W-prefix) taught in English with a minimum 2.0 grade.
  3. The department prefers that prospective majors present a cumulative 2.50 GPA. Students with a cumulative GPA below 2.50 may be considered for the major if they submit materials in addition to transcripts, clarifying any aspect of past coursework. Denied applicants may appeal.
  4. Transfer students must be enrolled at the UW before applying to the major.

Note: A student entering the junior year without two years of the appropriate foreign language is not able to complete the degree requirements in two years unless he or she takes accelerated courses such as Chinese or Japanese at the UW during summer quarter.

Major Requirements

Chinese

50-80 credits, as follows:

  1. Modern language courses (15-45 credits): To include a minimum of 15 credits beyond the third-year level chosen from CHIN 411, CHIN 412, CHIN 413, CHIN 421, CHIN 422, CHIN 423, CHIN 470, CHIN 482, CHIN 496 (when the topic is advanced language instruction), and I BUS 490 (when the topic is business Chinese). Students who have been evaluated and placed beyond fourth-year Chinese may satisfy the modern language requirement by taking 15 additional credits of classical Chinese (see adviser for approved list of classical Chinese courses).
  2. Classical language courses (10 credits): CHIN 451, CHIN 452
  3. Literature and Linguistics courses (15 credits): CHIN 342 or CHIN 442; an additional 10 credits from ASIAN 201, ASIAN 204, ASIAN 207 (when China is the topic), ASIAN 211, ASIAN 263 (when China is the topic), CHIN 373, CHIN 374, CHIN 380, CHIN 381, CHIN 385, CHIN 443, CHIN 453, CHIN 461, CHIN 462, CHIN 463
  4. China-related humanities and social science courses (10 credits): from ASIAN 200, ASIAN 211, ASIAN 401, and ASIAN 404 if not already used to satisfy other requirements. See adviser for approved list of additional courses. .

Japanese

75 credits as follows:

  1. 45 credits in language, including 30 credits beyond the second year, selected according to the student's choice of literature or linguistics concentration; 20 credits of a literature or linguistics sequence; and 10 credits of area-related humanities and social sciences, as follows:
    1. Literature Concentration
      1. Language: 45 credits, with a minimum of 30 credits beyond the second year. (Second year: JAPAN 211, JAPAN 212, JAPAN 213; third year: JAPAN 311, JAPAN 312, JAPAN 313; fourth year: 15 credits from JAPAN 431, JAPAN 432, JAPAN 433, JAPAN 445, JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, and JAPAN 473.)

        Students who, upon the determination of the faculty in Japanese, are permitted to begin their study of Japanese at the University at a level higher than JAPAN 211 substitute, in consultation with the undergraduate adviser, an equivalent number of credits in additional courses drawn from JAPAN 431, JAPAN 432, JAPAN 433, JAPAN 445, JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, JAPAN 473, and with prior approval, other Japan-related humanities or social science courses.

      2. Literature sequence: 20 credits, including JAPAN 321, JAPAN 322, JAPAN 323, and 5 credits from JAPAN 395, JAPAN 431, JAPAN 432, JAPAN 433, JAPAN 460, JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, and JAPAN 473, if not used to satisfy the language requirement.
      3. Area-related humanities or social science courses: 10 credits at the 300 level or above, at least 5 of which must be from outside the Department of Asian Languages and Literature; may be taken from JAPAN 342, JAPAN 343, JAPAN 395, JAPAN 440, JAPAN 442, JAPAN 443, and JAPAN 460; other Japanese literature courses not used to meet the literature requirement; and related courses from other departments.
    2. Linguistics Concentration
      1. Language: 45 credits, with a minimum of 30 credits beyond the second year. (Second year: JAPAN 211, JAPAN 212, JAPAN 213; third year: JAPAN 311, JAPAN 312, JAPAN 313; fourth year: 15 credits from JAPAN 421, JAPAN 422, JAPAN 423, JAPAN 431, JAPAN 432, JAPAN 433, JAPAN 445, JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, and JAPAN 473)

        Students who, upon the determination of the faculty in Japanese, are permitted to begin their study of Japanese at the University at a level higher than JAPAN 211 substitute, in consultation with the undergraduate adviser, an equivalent number of credits in additional courses drawn from JAPAN 431, JAPAN 432, JAPAN 433, JAPAN 445, JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, JAPAN 473, and with prior approval, other Japan-related humanities or social science courses.

    3. Linguistics sequence: 20 credits, including at least 15 credits from JAPAN 342, JAPAN 343, JAPAN 395, JAPAN 440, JAPAN 442, JAPAN 443; 5 of the 20 credits may come from JAPAN 321, JAPAN 322, JAPAN 323, JAPAN 460, JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, JAPAN 473, LING 400, or related courses from other departments.
    4. Area-related humanities or social science courses: 10 credits at the 300 level or above, at least 5 of which must be from outside the Department of Asian Languages and Literature; may be taken from LING 400, JAPAN 321, JAPAN 322, JAPAN 323, JAPAN 395, JAPAN 460, JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, and JAPAN 473; or related courses from other departments.

Korean

75 credits as follows:

  1. 45 credits in the Korean language, 15 beyond second-year level
  2. 30 credits in literature and area-related humanities or social science courses

South Asian Languages

69 credits as follows:

  1. Language: 39 credits beyond first-year level in a single South Asian language (Hindi or Sanskrit)
    1. Basic Language: For Hindi - HINDI 321, HINDI 322, HINDI 323, HINDI 401, HINDI 402, HINDI 403; for Sanskrit - SNKRT 401, SNKRT 402, SNKRT 403, SNKRT 411, SNKRT 412, SNKRT 413
    2. Advanced Language, Literature, and Linguistics: 9 credits at 400 level, drawn from the following. For Hindi - HINDI 404, HINDI 421, HINDI 422, HINDI 423, HINDI 431, HINDI 451; for Sanskrit - SNKRT 491, SNKRT 492, INDN 401, INDN 402, INDN 410
  2. Literature in Translation (10 credits): ASIAN 203, ASIAN 206
  3. South Asian History (5 credits): One course from among HSTAS 202, HSTAS 401, HSTAS 402, HSTAS 403, HSTAS 404
  4. South Asian Humanities and Social Sciences (10 credits): Chosen in consultation with adviser. A list of courses that satisfy this requirement is included on the expanded description of the major available from the adviser.
  5. Capstone Seminar (5 credits): INDN 490

Minor

Minor Requirements

Chinese: 30 credits as follows:

  1. Language courses: 15 credits at or above the third-year level chosen from CHIN 212, CHIN 213 (CHIN 212 and CHIN 213, heritage-track Chinese, considered equivalent to third-year level), CHIN 301, CHIN 302, CHIN 303, CHIN 411, CHIN 412, CHIN 413, CHIN 421, CHIN 422, CHIN 423, CHIN 451, CHIN 452, CHIN 453, CHIN 470, CHIN 482, and CHIN 496 (when the topic is advanced language instruction).
  2. Introduction to Chinese Linguistics (5 credits): either CHIN 342 or CHIN 442
  3. China-related humanities courses (10 credits): at least one of ASIAN 200, ASIAN 201, ASIAN 204, ASIAN 207 (when China is the topic), ASIAN 211, ASIAN 263 (when China is the topic), ASIAN 401, ASIAN 404, CHIN 373, CHIN 374, CHIN 380, CHIN 381, CHIN 385, CHIN 443, CHIN 461, CHIN 462, and CHIN 463; remaining credits from above or from an approved list of China-related electives

Hindi: 30 credits as follows:

  1. 15 language credits at the second-year level (HINDI 321, HINDI 322, HINDI 323) or above
  2. 15 credits in area-related humanities courses to include either ASIAN 203 or ASIAN 206 and any of the following: ART H 306; HSTAS 201, HSTAS 202, HSTAS 401, HSTAS 402, HSTAS 403, HSTAS 404; PHIL 386, PHIL 412; RELIG 352, RELIG 354

Japanese: 30 credits as follows:

  1. 15 language credits at the third-year level (JAPAN 311, JAPAN 312, JAPAN 313) or above
  2. 15 credits in additional language or literature/culture courses. Acceptable courses include, but are not limited to: JAPAN 321, JAPAN 322, JAPAN 323, JAPAN 342, JAPAN 343, JAPAN 431, JAPAN 432, JAPAN 433, JAPAN 440, JAPAN 442, JAPAN 443, JAPAN 460, JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, JAPAN 473; ART H 316, ART H 317; ART 321; ECON 494; GEOG 313; HSTAS 422, HSTAS 423; MUSIC 495; POL S 435. Acceptable language courses include those offered by the technical Japanese program, the Jackson School of International Studies, the School of Law, and the Foster School of Business.
  3. Minimum 2.0 grade required for each course applied to the minor

Korean: 30 credits as follows:

  1. Language courses: 15 credits at or above third-year level (KOREAN 301, KOREAN 302, KOREAN 303, and/or KOREAN 345).
  2. 15 credits in Korea-related humanities and social sciences courses: ASIAN 207 (when Korea is the topic), ASIAN 498 (when Korea is the topic), HSTAS 212, HSTAS 481, HSTAS 482, KOREAN 415, KOREAN 416, KOREAN 417, KOREAN 445, KOREAN 499, SISEA 448.

South Asian Languages and Literature (Bengali, Hindi, Sanskrit, Urdu): 30 credits as follows:

  1. Language: 15 credits of language classes at the second-year level or above in a single Indic language: For Bengali, BENG 321, BENG 322, BENG 323; for Hindi, HINDI 321, HINDI 322, HINDI 323; for Sanskrit, SNKRT 401, SNKRT 402, SNKRT 403; for Urdu, URDU 321, URDU 322, URDU 323.
  2. South Asia related humanities and social science courses (15 credits): Literature (5 credits) -- ASIAN 203 or ASIAN 206; South Asia area studies (10 credits) -- chosen in consultation with adviser. A list of courses that satisfy this requirement may be found on the following website: http://asian.washington.edu/south-asian-undergraduate-minor

At least half the credits for the minor must be taken at the UW.

Student Outcomes and Opportunities

  • Learning Objectives and Expected Outcomes:

    • Language: A student of one of the languages achieves competency in speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Skills acquired for the minor include the ability to manage simple spoken communicative tasks and social situations; to understand sentence-length utterances on familiar topics in face-to-face situations; to read simple connected texts dealing with personal and social topics; to write short essays on familiar topics grounded in personal experience and immediate surroundings. Skills acquired for the major include the ability to manage spoken communicative tasks, including topics of common interest, description and narration, expression of personal viewpoints, and presentation and support of an argument; to understand the main idea and important details of connected spoken discourse, ranging from face-to-face situations to radio and TV broadcasting; to understand the main idea and important details of written texts in a range of styles and registers; to write routine social correspondence using the appropriate conventions, and to write connected essays of several paragraphs in an appropriate linguistic register.
    • Linguistics: A student with a minor achieves competency in understanding the basic structure of the language, including its grammatical forms, writing system, and phonology; recognizing the languageís historical relationships with other languages in the geographical region; understanding the structured and hierarchical nature of linguistic systems. A student with a major additionally achieves competency in understanding basic linguistic concepts and terminology in such fields as syntax, morphology, and phonology, and applying them to the analysis of the linguistic structures of the language; understanding the historical development of the language, including its historical linguistic features and dialectal development; recognizing the relationship between linguistic structures and literary forms and devices.
    • Literature: A student with a minor achieves competency in identifying major works and forms within the literary tradition; understanding the place of selected literary texts within the ongoing tradition; understanding the historical and cultural contexts of major literary forms and works; understanding the roles of literary works and literary activity within the culture; utilizing basic research skills. A student with a major additionally achieves competency in reading selected literary texts in the original; employing linguistic and philological analysis as tools for understanding literary texts; performing formal analysis of literary texts; analyzing literary texts with reference to relevant literary traditions and intertextual dynamics; analyzing literary texts with reference to their historical background and broader cultural context; practicing critical reading of primary and secondary texts; employing research and writing skills to produce formal written analysis of literary texts.

  • Instructional and Research Facilities: None
  • Honors Program: With College Honors (Completion of Honors Core Curriculum and Departmental Honors). With Distinction (Completion of Departmental Honors requirements in the major). See adviser for requirements.
  • Research, Internships, and Service Learning: None offered
  • Department Scholarships: None offered
  • Student Organizations/Associations: None

Graduate Program

Graduate Program Coordinator
225 Gowen, Box 353521
(206) 543-4996

The Department of Asian Languages and Literature offers programs of study leading to the Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees with specializations in (1) the languages and literatures of China; (2) the language and literature of Japan; (3) the languages and literatures of South Asia, subsuming Sanskrit and Hindi; (4) the language and literature of Korea; Buddhist studies. All graduate students in the department must affiliate themselves with one of these programs. The department does not offer degrees or specializations in language pedagogy.

Master of Arts, Buddhist Studies

Admission Requirements

  1. An undergraduate major in the language and literature of specialization (four years of language training if the language is Chinese or Japanese; fewer years of language acquisition may be acceptable in South Asian languages), or the background and training equivalent to such a major. Students without such a background may be qualified for admission, but must acquire the program prerequisites during the earliest stages of their graduate study.
  2. A statement of academic goals
  3. Three letters of recommendation addressed to the Graduate Program Coordinator

Degree Requirements

45-54 credits plus language requirements, as follows:

  1. Coursework requirement:
    1. Non-thesis program: 45 course credits, 18 of which must be at the 500 level and above. Buddhist studies seminars and text reading courses offered within the department must be included. Students are also required to complete language study through the fourth-year level in their major language and through the second-year level in a second Asian language.
    2. Thesis program: 45 course credits plus 9 thesis credits. At least 18 of the 45 credits must be taken at the 500 level or above. Buddhist studies seminars and text reading courses offered within the department must be included. The language requirements in this program are the same as in the non-thesis program. In addition, the student must write an acceptable MA thesis according to the rules and policies of the Department of Asian Languages and Literature and pass an oral examination.
  2. Foreign language requirements: Students must demonstrate competence in their major language, and must complete the course requirements in their second Asian language as outlined above. These two languages may include one classical language and one relevant modern language, or two classical languages. In either case, one of the languages must be Sanskrit. In addition, students must demonstrate through a written examination reading knowledge of one foreign language relevant to their area of specialization, which must be other than English and the student's native language. It may be the student's second Asian language or a European or Asian research language.

Master of Arts, Chinese

Admission Requirements

  1. Minimum undergraduate 3.00 GPA in the junior and senior years
  2. Three letters of recommendation and a statement of purpose
  3. Strong undergraduate preparation in one of the following: Chinese language and literature, another foreign language and literature, Asian regional studies, comparative literature, linguistics, English, philosophy, or history. Applicants are also expected to have completed four years of modern Chinese and one year of classical Chinese, each with a minimum 3.00 GPA.
  4. Students lacking such preparation may be admitted to the MA program provisionally, and are required to make up the deficiencies during their first year of residence.

Degree Requirements

38-40 credits, as follows:

  1. Two options available: (1) hesis program, and (2) non-thesis program which requires two seminar or research papers in lieu of a thesis, and two 500-level departmental courses in addition to the requirements specified below.
  2. Coursework requirements:
    1. Second-Year Classical Chinese, 15 credits: CHIN 551, CHIN 552, CHIN 553
    2. Methods and Materials, 5 credits: CHIN 559
    3. History of Chinese Literature, 5 credits: Any one course of the following three-quarter sequence: CHIN 461, CHIN 462, CHIN 463
    4. The Chinese Language, 5 credits: CHIN 442
    5. At least one course from each of the following two groups, 8-10 credits:
      1. Group I -- Literature: CHIN 461, CHIN 462, CHIN 463; CHIN 482; CHIN 554, CHIN 555, CHIN 556; CHIN 561, CHIN 562, CHIN 563; CHIN 573; CHIN 575; CHIN 580; CHIN 582; CHIN 583; CHIN 590; CHIN 591, CHIN 592, CHIN 593
      2. Group II -- Linguistics and Philology: CHIN 443; CHIN 531, CHIN 532, CHIN 533; CHIN 540; CHIN 541; CHIN 542; CHIN 544; CHIN 557; CHIN 558
  3. Foreign language requirement: Fulfilled through a graduate reading examination. May be another Asian language or a European language, but not the student's native language, and must be relevant to the student's program of study.
  4. MA Examination: Covers Chinese literature: second part focuses on language (linguistics and philology) and texts. Normally taken no later than autumn quarter of the third year.

Master of Arts, Japanese Language and Literature

Admission Requirements

  1. Minimum undergraduate 3.00 GPA in the junior and senior years
  2. Three letters of recommendation and a statement of purpose
  3. Strong undergraduate preparation in any of the following: Japanese language and literature, with the equivalent of at least four years' work in the language; another language and literature, Asian regional studies, comparative literature, linguistics, art history, English, philosophy, or history.
  4. While a student lacking such preparation may be admitted, the student is expected to concentrate initially on compensating for deficiencies in background by taking coursework chosen in consultation with the academic adviser. In the case of inadequate training in Japanese, intensive courses in the language are available.

Degree Requirements

45-75 credits, as follows:

  1. Coursework:

    Minimum 45 credits above the 300 level earned through a combination of coursework and research. At least 18 credits must be completed in numerically graded courses at the 400 and 500 level, and 18 credits at the 500 level and above.

    The following courses normally constitute a minimal level of training: JAPAN 321, JAPAN 322, JAPAN 323 (no graduate credit); JAPAN 421, JAPAN 422, JAPAN 423; JAPAN 431, JAPAN 432, JAPAN 433; JAPAN 471, JAPAN 472, JAPAN 473. Students whose undergraduate training has provided them with a background comparable to this may enter more advanced courses. Less well prepared students may require a program considerably in excess of the minimum 45 credits.

    The student may present research in either of two ways: (1) by submitting a thesis, in which case the student takes at least 36 course credits and 9 thesis credits, or (2) by submitting two research papers written either independently or for courses or seminars, in which case all 45 minimum credits are in course credits.

  2. Foreign language requirement: one additional language in addition to the language of specialization. Can be either European or Asian, but should not be English. Language chosen must be relevant to student's program of study, i.e., t provides access to a body of critical literature on the field, e.g., French or German or improves studentís grasp of the structure or etymological sources of Japanese, e.g., Chinese or Korean. It may not be the student's native language.
  3. MA general examination: Two written examinations, each of two hours' duration, one in pre-modern (pre-Meiji) literature, the other modern. These are intended to examine the student's general mastery of the respective areas.

Master of Arts, Japanese Language and Linguistics

Admission Requirements

  1. A minimum undergraduate 3.00 GPA in the junior and senior years
  2. Three letters of recommendation and a statement of purpose
  3. Strong undergraduate preparation in any of the following: Japanese language and literature, with the equivalent of at least four years' work in the language; another language and literature, Asian regional studies, comparative literature, linguistics, art history, English, philosophy, or history.
  4. While a student lacking such preparation may be admitted, the student is expected to concentrate initially on compensating for deficiencies in background by taking coursework chosen in consultation with the academic adviser. In the case of inadequate training in Japanese, intensive courses in the language are available.

Degree Requirements

45-75 credits, as follows:

  1. Coursework: 45 credits above the 300 level earned through a combination of coursework and research. At least 18 credits must be completed in numerically graded courses at the 400 and 500 level, and 18 credits at the 500 level and above.

    The following courses normally constitute a minimal level of training: JAPAN 421, JAPAN 422, JAPAN 423 (if language training is necessary); JAPAN 342 (no graduate credit); JAPAN 343 (no graduate credit); JAPAN 440; JAPAN 442; JAPAN 443. Students whose undergraduate training has provided them with a background comparable to this may enter more advanced courses. Less well prepared students may require a program considerably in excess of the minimum of 45 credits.

    The student may present research in either of two ways: (1) by submitting a thesis, in which case the student takes at least 36 course credits and 9 thesis credits (ASIAN 700), or (2) by submitting two research papers that have been written either independently or for courses or seminars, in which case all 45 minimum credits are in course credits.

  2. Foreign language requirement: one additional language in addition to the language of specialization. Can be either European or Asian, but should not be English. Language must be relevant to the student's program of study, i.e., provides access to a body of critical literature on studentís field (e.g., French or German) or improves studentís grasp of the structure or etymological sources of Japanese, e.g., Chinese or Korean. It may not be the student's native language.
  3. Linguistics: Near the end of the course of study, each student takes two written examinations in Japanese linguistics, whether in descriptive linguistics, theoretical linguistics, applied linguistics, or sociolinguistics. These are intended to examine the student's general mastery of the respective areas.

Master of Arts, Korean

Admission Requirements

  1. A minimum undergraduate 3.00 GPA in the junior and senior years
  2. Three letters of recommendation and a statement of purpose
  3. Strong undergraduate preparation in any of the following: Korean language and literature, another language and literature, Asian regional studies, comparative literature, linguistics, English, philosophy, history, or an approved area in the humanities or social sciences
  4. Three years of Korean language training. Students lacking such preparation are required to take the necessary courses during their first year of residence.

Degree Requirements

39 credits, as follows:

  1. Coursework: KOREAN 415, KOREAN 416, KOREAN 417; ASIAN 498 or KOREAN 462; KOREAN 531; KOREAN 532; ASIAN 700. The student must also either (1) submit a thesis, or (2) submit two research papers in lieu of a thesis.
  2. Foreign language requirement: The student must fulfill one additional language requirement in addition to the language of specialization. The language can be either European or an Asian one; however, it should not be English. The language chosen must be relevant to the student's program of study. It may not be the student's native language.
  3. MA examination: The student must take a written examination in two parts, each part to be two hours in length. One part is in pre-modern Korean literature, the other modern. The student should take the MA examination no later than autumn quarter of the third year.

Master of Arts, South Asian Languages and Literature

Admission Requirements

  1. Minimum undergraduate 3.00 GPA in the last 90 quarter or 60 semester credit hours
  2. Three letters of recommendation and a statement of purpose
  3. Preference is given to students with prior preparation in a South Asian language and literature, in South Asian regional studies, or in a humanistic discipline pertinent to the study of South Asian civilization. Students lacking such preparation may be admitted to the MA program; however, they must remedy any deficiencies by adding, as early as possible, such courses as the academic adviser considers necessary. South Asian languages in which specializations are offered at the University are Sanskrit and Hindi.

Degree Requirements

45-75 credits, as follows:

  1. Coursework:
    1. Non-thesis program: 45 course credits, 18 of which must be at the 500 level and above. Language study through the fourth-year level in the student's major language and through the second-year level in a second South Asian language. In addition, the student must present two seminar papers which are approved by the student's adviser and at least one other faculty member in the department.
    2. Thesis program: 45 course credits plus 9 thesis credits. At least 18 of the 45 credits must be taken at the 500 level or above. The language requirements in this program are the same as in the non-thesis program. In addition, the student must write an acceptable MA thesis according to the rules and policies of the Department of Asian Languages and Literature and pass an oral examination.
  2. Foreign language requirements: one additional language in addition to the language of specialization. Can be either European or Asian, but should not be English. The language chosen must be relevant to the student's program of study. It may not be the student's native language.

Doctor of Philosophy, Buddhist Studies

Admission Requirements

MA degree in Asian Languages and Literature at the UW and a satisfactory evaluation by South Asian Language program faculty. Students with sufficient background, usually the successful completion of a relevant MA degree at another institution, may be considered for admission into the PhD program.

Degree Requirements

90 credits, as follows:

For the PhD, students are expected to demonstrate the ability to do original research utilizing primary languages of Buddhist traditions in accordance with their chosen areas of concentration. Students are required to demonstrate competence in their major Asian languages and pass written examinations in two research languages other than English and the student's native language (that is, one written examination in addition to the examination completed at the MA level). Where appropriate, students are strongly encouraged to acquire competence in a modern research language in order to pursue research in the field: for example, in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Tibet, China, or Japan.

Students are also required to pass four written field examinations selected in accordance with the student's interests. Generally, at least two of these examinations are directly related to some aspect of Buddhist studies and a third falls within the general purview of South Asian languages and literature. A fourth field examination can have as its subject an adjacent field or discipline. Once these field examinations have been satisfactorily completed, the student is eligible to take a two-hour comprehensive oral examination, administered by the student's Supervisory Committee. When that has been passed, students are accorded candidate's status and are ready to submit a dissertation proposal. The PhD is conferred once the completed dissertation has been defended successfully before the student's Supervisory Committee.

Doctor of Philosophy, Chinese

Admission Requirements

After successful completion of 45 credits (a minimum of three quarters) of graduate study in the department, a student wishing to enter the PhD program with specialization in Chinese language and literature submits a formal petition to the department stating post-MA academic plans and goals.

Ideally, the prospective candidate has completed an MA degree in the field of Chinese language and literature prior to entering the PhD program. If the student has an MA in another pertinent field, for example, in linguistics, comparative literature, philosophy, history, or Asian regional studies, it is not necessary to take an additional MA in Chinese language and literature. The student, however, is required to satisfy all course and examination requirements for the MA program in this department. Upon admission to the program, the student should be prepared to take courses in modern Chinese at the 500 level, and should have at least two years of Classical Chinese.

A student who intends to go directly from the BA to the PhD program must present an exceptionally strong background preparation in the disciplines of literary study or linguistics. The student is expected in the course of his or her work to satisfy all curriculum requirements for the MA, and must petition the department for special permission to bypass the MA.

Degree Requirements

90 credits, as follows:

  1. Course requirements: Complete the course requirements for the MA in Chinese. Equivalent courses from other programs may be substituted subject to written approval by the regular instructor of the course in question. In addition, whichever quarters of the sequence CHIN 461, CHIN 462, CHIN 463 were not taken for the MA must be taken for the PhD. The student's post-MA coursework should be designed, in consultation with the adviser, to fill in gaps or strengthen weaknesses in the student's background, and to establish and develop four fields of special study that the student pursues in some depth in preparation for the general examination.
  2. Field requirements: The student is expected to familiarize himself or herself with both the original texts and the secondary scholarship of the field, and to show some potential for carrying out original research in the area or field in question. Each student must pursue four such fields of special study, and is examined separately by an appropriate faculty member prior to the general oral examination. The field examinations must be written.

    The four fields that a student elects to study must, in the aggregate, reflect both of the primary components of the department's graduate-level offerings, i.e., language (linguistics and philology) and literature. In at least one field, students are encouraged to incorporate to a significant extent some aspect of Chinese history and culture, exclusive of strictly literary or linguistic facets thereof. With permission of his or her adviser a student may offer one field from outside the department, for example, in general linguistics, literary criticism, a non-Chinese literature, Chinese philosophy or religion, or a particular period of Chinese history. Such a field must be demonstrably related in a significant way to the student's overall course of study.

  3. Examinations: The student is examined in each of the four fields separately by an appropriate faculty member. Prior to the general examination the student must demonstrate a reading knowledge of an additional Asian language and a pertinent European language. (The student may apply the foreign language reading examination required for the MA to this requirement.)

Doctor of Philosophy, Japanese

Admission Requirements

Aside from having to complete at least two quarters of graduate study in the department, the student petitioning for admission to pre-candidacy status in the PhD program either must hold the MA degree in Japanese language and literature or must have completed a minimum of 45 course credits and have satisfied the language requirement for the MA. The student should also be taking at least 500-level courses in modern Japanese and should have studied classical Japanese for a minimum of one year. Any insufficiencies in background (e.g., in the case of a student holding an MA in an area other than Japanese language and literature) should be made up before the student petitions for admission to pre-candidacy. The petition indicates that the student feels he or she is prepared to take a written examination on the student's general knowledge of the field and an additional oral diagnostic examination on his or her background and plans for future study. The petition should be submitted only after consultation with the academic adviser.

Degree Requirements

95 credits, as follows:

Course requirements: In addition to the minimum of 45 credits or its equivalent required for the master's program, the student must take at least 50 credits of coursework on the graduate level. The following courses and dissertation credits are required: JAPAN 501; JAPAN 505, JAPAN 506, JAPAN 507; JAPAN 531, JAPAN 532, JAPAN 533; JAPAN 571, JAPAN 572, JAPAN 573; JAPAN 590; ASIAN 800.

Additional coursework in related fields may be required to meet the needs of each program. In order to acquire the widest possible background, students are encouraged to take related courses in history, linguistics, religion, and the social sciences. Familiarity with Chinese literature and allied fields as well as with comparative literature is strongly recommended. Each student develops an individualized program of studies in consultation with the academic adviser.

Language examinations: In addition to a second language (usually European) required for the MA, the student must demonstrate proficiency in a third language, usually Asian (Chinese is the usual choice for an Asian language, but the student should discuss other possibilities with the adviser). Proficiency must be demonstrated in the third language before the student may proceed to the general examination.

Field examination: Upon becoming a precandidate, the student has completed a generalized study of the area of Japanese language and literature, and should choose four specialized fields to study for the next one or two years under the guidance of the Supervisory Committee. The four fields must be sufficiently diverse, and at least one of them must be in language. As the supervisor for each field becomes satisfied that the student has attained sufficient mastery, the supervisor and the student decide on a time for the student to take a written examination.

General examination: When the four field examinations and the third language requirement have been satisfied, the academic adviser arranges with the Graduate School for the student to take the oral general examination for admission to candidacy for the doctoral degree.

Dissertation and final examination: After achieving candidate status, the student engages in research and the writing of the dissertation. When the reading committee has accepted the dissertation, the Dean of the Graduate School authorizes the Supervisory Committee to hold the final examination in defense of the dissertation, which completes the degree requirements for this program.

Doctor of Philosophy, Korean

Admission Requirements

A student petitions for admission to the PhD program with specialization in Korean literature after successful completion of at least two quarters of graduate study in the Department of Asian Languages and Literature. The student should either have the MA degree in Korean literature or the equivalent, or have satisfactorily completed all coursework required for the MA in Korean literature. The student should be prepared to take 500-level courses in Korean. The petition is submitted after consultation with the student's academic adviser.

Degree Requirements

90 credits, as follows:

  1. Coursework:
    1. Korean language and literature: In addition to the course requirement and examination for the MA in Korean literature, students in the PhD program must complete the following courses: KOREAN 531, KOREAN 532, ASIAN 800.
    2. Chinese language and literature: Students interested in pre-modern Korean literature are required to take two years of Chinese, at least one year of classical Chinese, and a survey course on pre-modern Chinese literature. Students interested in modern Korean literature are required to take either: (1) three years of Chinese and a survey course in Chinese literature, or (2) three years of Japanese and a survey course in modern Japanese literature.
    3. Linguistics: Students are encouraged to take linguistics courses that help them prepare for the field examination in a language-related area. Courses to choose from include the following: ASIAN 401, JAPAN 440.
    4. Interdepartmental: Students are encouraged to take Korea-related courses in other disciplines such as history and anthropology. Familiarity with other literatures and cultures, and coursework in other departments such as Comparative Literature or other language and literature programs is also recommended.
  2. Field examinations: With the guidance of an adviser, students develop a plan of study that concentrates on four areas of study, or "fields." A student may offer no more than one Korea-related field from outside the department; three of the fields must be prepared with department faculty. One of the fields may be in another Asian language or literature, depending on the student's interests. At least one of the fields must be related to language.
  3. Language examinations: Prior to the general examination, students must demonstrate proficiency of an additional Asian language and a European language. (The student may apply the foreign language required for the MA to this requirement.)
  4. General examination, dissertation, final examination: When the four field examinations have been successfully passed, and the second language requirement met, the academic adviser arranges with the Graduate School for the student to take the oral general examination for admission to candidacy for the doctoral degree. This is usually a two-hour long oral examination, and covers principally, but not exclusively, the four fields that the student has prepared. Passing this examination, the student then writes a dissertation, under the direction of a dissertation adviser. An oral final examination in defense of the finished dissertation completes the degree requirements for this program.

Doctor of Philosophy, South Asian Languages and Literature

Admission Requirements

Normally, entry into the program is contingent upon successful completion of the MA degree in Asian Languages and Literature at the UW and a satisfactory evaluation by South Asian Language program faculty. Students with sufficient background, usually the successful completion of a relevant MA degree at another institution, may be considered for admission into the PhD program.

Degree Requirements

90 credits, as follows:

For the PhD, students are required to demonstrate competence in their major South Asian language and pass written examinations in two research languages other than English and the student's native language (that is, one written examination in addition to the examination completed at the MA level). One of these two research languages must be a European language.

Students are also required to pass four written field examinations, at least three of which must fall within the general purview of South Asian languages and literature. A fourth can have as its subject an adjacent field or discipline, if the candidate so chooses--an aspect of South Asian history or art history, for example. Once these field examinations have been satisfactorily completed, the student is eligible to take a two hour comprehensive oral examination, administered by his or her supervisory committee. When that has been passed, students are accorded candidate's status and are ready to submit a dissertation proposal. The PhD is conferred once the completed dissertation has been defended before the student's supervisory committee.

Financial Aid

Financial aid for graduate students newly entering the department is very limited and is awarded on a competitive basis. National Resource Fellowships are awarded for the study of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. The department offers incoming graduate students limited opportunities for teaching assistant positions in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Since some financial aid is wholly or partially determined by need, all prospective students are urged to submit the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) with the College Scholarship Service in New Jersey, and to apply for other forms of aid mentioned in the department's cover letter to prospective students.