Change Models

A variety of models have been developed pertaining to the concept of managing change. We have compiled several of these below for your use:

  • ADKAR is an acronym for Awareness, Desire, Knowledge, Ability, Reinforcement. It is a goal-oriented change management model that allows change management teams to focus their activities on specific business results.
  • Balanced Scorecard is a strategic planning and performance management tool that can be used by managers to keep track of the execution of activities and to monitor the consequences of those actions.
  • The Diffusion of Innovations is a model based on the five stages of adoption of change and the five adopter categories.
  • Eight Steps in Leading Change is a model that takes the holistic approach required to see the change through, greatly increasing the odds of success for the change initiative.
  • Four/Five Stages of Team Development is a model of the phases of team development that are all necessary and inevitable in order for the team to grow, to face up to challenges, to tackle problems, to find solutions, to plan work, and to deliver results.
  • The Roller Coaster of Change is a term Stephen Haines coined, that distills 20-plus change theories into a simple way of understanding the dynamics of how to effect successful change of all types.
  • The Shingo Model for Operational Excellence is based on the lean management approach and model taught by Dr. Shigeo Shingo, whose teachings described 3 levels of business improvement (transformation): Principles, Systems, Tools and Techniques.
  • The Three Phases of Transition describes transition as a psychological, three-phase process that people go through as they internalize and come to terms with the details of the new situation that the change brings about.