Anti-Kickback, Conflict of Interest and Whistleblower Regulations
Federal Acquisition Regulations (FAR 52.203-7) require the University to implement procedures designed to prevent and detect violations of the Anti-Kickback Act of 1986 (41 USC 51-58). This is published as a reminder of the policies and procedures in place at the University of Washington
1. Kickback Defined. “Kickback” as defined by FAR means any money, fee commission, credit, gift, gratuity, thing of value or compensation of any kind that is provided directly or indirectly to any prime contractor, prime contractor employee, subcontractor or subcontractor employee for the purpose of improperly obtaining or rewarding favorable treatment in connection with a prime contract or in connection with a subcontract relating to a prime contract. University employees are prohibited under federal and state laws from accepting or offering kickbacks.
2. Ethics in Public Service Act. The Ethics in Public Service Act codified in Chapter 42.52 of the Revised Code of Washington prohibits State of Washington employees from accepting a gift, gratuity or additional compensation for personal services rendered as part of official duties.
Regulations published by the State Ethics Board and in University rules at http://www.washington.edu/admin/rules/policies/APS/47.02.html prohibit the use of University facilities and equipment for personal business use. E-mail and local telephones may be used for personal nonbusiness uses so long as the use is minimal and does not interfere with the carrying out of official duties. Each faculty and staff member is individually responsible for compliance with these rules.
3. Outside Consulting Work. Faculty and staff are required to receive prior approval from their supervisors before engaging in outside professional work for compensation. See Presidential Orders at https://www.washington.edu/admin/rules/policies/PO/EO57.html and Administrative Policy Statements at http://www.washington.edu/admin/rules/policies/APS/47.03.html. University facilities and resources, including computers and e-mail, may not be used in outside work.
4. Internal and Governmental Audits. Internal audits conducted by the University’s Internal Audit Department, and external audits conducted by the State Auditor’s Office and the Office of Naval Research, among others, provide checks and balances to University procedures.
5. Procurement Procedures. Purchases may not be made by University personnel unless authorized in advance by a department employee with signature authority, and most purchases in excess of the current “direct buy limit” must be authorized by a Procurement Services Buyer. Purchasing procedures are described at http://f2.washington.edu/fm/ps/. No gift or benefit of any kind may be offered to or accepted by a state employee involved in the purchasing process as an inducement to buy a particular product or restrict competition. (Revised Code of Washington Sections 39.26.020 and 42.52.140.) The state ethics law also prohibits any state employee from participating in a purchasing transaction that may result in an economic benefit to themselves or to a family member. A University employee who independently contracts with the University for the sale of goods and services may require prior approval from the State Ethics Board.
6. “Whistleblower” Provisions and Protection. University employees may report improper governmental actions to the State Auditor’s Office. To encourage the reporting of improper governmental actions, employees are protected from reprisal or retaliatory action by the provisions of state law. The Whistleblower law is codified in Chapter 42.40 of the Revised Code of Washington. Procedures for reporting improper governmental actions are in the Administrative Policy Statements at http://www.washington.edu/admin/rules/policies/APS/47.01.html.
Summary of the Washington State Whistleblower Act
The “Whistleblower Act” was enacted to encourage employees of the State of Washington to report improper governmental actions. “Improper governmental action” means any action by an employee undertaken in the performance of the employee’s official duties which:
- Is a gross waste of public funds or resources; or
- Is in violation of federal or state law or rule if the violation is not merely technical or of a minimum nature; or
- Is of substantial and specific danger to the public health or safety; or
- Is a gross mismanagement of funds; or
- Prevents the dissemination of scientific opinion or alters technical findings without scientifically valid justification, unless state law or a common law privilege prohibits disclosure.
Improper governmental action does not include personnel actions for which other remedies exist, including, but not limited to, employee grievances, complaints, transfers, reassignments, demotions, alleged labor agreement violations, claims of discrimination, and related complaints.
In order to be investigated, an assertion of improper governmental action must be provided to the State Auditor’s Office (SAO) or designated University officials within one year after the occurrence of the asserted improper governmental action.
Assertions of improper governmental action must be filed in writing with the SAO or the following designated University officials:
- Chancellor, University of Washington, Bothell
- Chancellor, University of Washington, Tacoma
- Vice President, Human Resources
- Associate Vice President/Chief Compliance Officer, UW Medicine
- Executive Director, Internal Audit
Telephone calls are not accepted. Assertions can be reported using the Whistleblower Reporting Form or in a separate letter. The Whistleblower Reporting Form is available by contacting the SAO at (360) 902-0377 or through the SAO homepage at http://www.sao.wa.gov. The report should include:
- A detailed description of the improper governmental action(s);
- The name of the employee(s) involved;
- The agency, division and location where the action(s) occurred;
- When the action(s) occurred;
- Any other details that may be important for the investigation – witnesses, documents, evidence, etc.;
- The specific law or regulation that has been violated, if known;
- The whistleblower’s name, address and phone number.
Assertions of improper governmental action may be filed anonymously. However, by providing a name and phone number, the whistleblower enables the State Auditor to gather additional information necessary for a thorough investigation. The identity of the whistleblower is kept confidential.
The SAO has sole discretion to determine how, or if, whistleblower assertions will be investigated. The law listed factors to be considered when making this determination. The SAO will mail an acknowledgment to the whistleblower within 15 working days of receipt of the report. When the investigation has been completed, the SAO will send the whistleblower a letter containing a summary of the information received and the results of the investigation. If the SAO determines an employee has engaged in improper governmental action, it will report the nature and details of the activity to the subject(s) of the investigation, head of the employee’s agency, Attorney General, Governor, Secretary of State, Chief Clerk of the House of Representatives and the public.
The law protects whistleblowers from reprisal or retaliatory action. If a whistleblower believes he or she has been the subject of such action, the whistleblower may file a claim with the Washington Human Rights Commission. The commission shall investigate the claim and take appropriate action.
A more detailed summary of the Whistleblower Act and methods of transmitting whistleblower assertions are contained in the Administrative Policy Statements at http://www.washington.edu/admin/rules/policies/APS/47.01.html. You may call Internal Audit at 543-4028 if you have questions relating to any of the above.
7. State Government Efficiency Hotline
State law requires the State Auditor’s Office (SAO) to establish a toll-free telephone line that is available to public employees and members of the public to:
- recommend measures to improve efficiency in state and local government,
- report waste, inefficiency, or abuse,
- report examples of efficiency or outstanding achievement by state and local agencies, public employees, or persons under contract with state and local agencies.
The SAO must conduct an initial review of each recommendation for efficiency and report of waste, inefficiency or abuse. Following the initial review, the SAO must determine which assertions require further examination or audit under the auditor’s current authority.
The hotline can be reached by:
- Telephone: 1-800-902-3900
- Web site: www.sao.wa.gov
- Mail: State Auditor’s Office
P.O. Box 40031
Olympia, WA 98504
The identity of a person making a report through the hotline, by e-mail through the SAO’s web site, or other means of communication is kept confidential unless the person consents to disclosure by written waiver or until the investigation is completed. All documents related to the report and subsequent investigation are also confidential until completion of the investigation at which time the records are subject to public records laws.