A report released this week from the Association of American Medical Colleges shows that its member medical schools, teaching hospitals and healthcare systems had a combined economic impact of more than $587 billion in the United States in 2011. The firm Tripp Umbach conducted the economic measurements and analysis.
The not-for-profit association represents 133 accredited medical schools and 255 major teaching hospitals and health systems in the United States, including Department of Veterans Affairs medical centers.
Washington was among the 25 states with the highest economic impact from academic medicine, which encompasses three interwoven missions: training physicians and biomedical scientists, conducting research, and providing patient care.
UW Medicine is one of the largest members of the Association of American Medical Colleges in the country. UW Medicine includes four hospitals (UW Medical Center, Harborview Medical Center, Northwest Hospital and Valley Medical Center), the University of Washington School of Medicine; UW Physicians, the largest physician practice plan in the Northwest; UW Neighborhood Clinics; and Airlift Northwest.UW Medicine also shares in the ownership and governance of the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance and Children’s University Medical Group.
The total business volume economic impact of association members in the state of Washington was more than $5.7 billion, an amount that placed Washington 25th in the nation. New York, California, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts and Texas had the highest total business volume impact.
UW Medicine has more than 21,000 employees. Nationally, the Association of American Medical Colleges-represented institutions included in the study employ more than 1.9 million individuals. In 2011, one in every 40 wage earners in the United States worked either directly or indirectly for a U.S. medical school or teaching hospital, the report found.
Although not included in the total $587 billion contribution to the national economy for 2011, a previous analysis by Tripp Umbach found that publicly funded research by association members added nearly $45 billion to the nation’s economy in 2009 and accounted for one in every 500 jobs. An appendix on the research findings is included in the full 2012 report. In calculating the state business volume impact of publicly funded research conducted at the Association of American Medical Colleges-member institutions in Washington state, Tripp Umbach ranked Washington ninth in the nation at nearly $1.8 billion in 2009. California ranked No. 1, Massachusetts was No. 2 and New York was No. 3.
Washington state’s association-member institutions also generated more than $309 million in state tax revenue.
In addition, the institutions generated nearly $165 million in out-of-state visitor-related revenue (not including charges for medical services) for Washington state. This includes spending in local communities by out-of-state patients and their friends and families. It also includes local community spending by those attending meetings and conferences sponsored by the institutions.
The study team noted that nationally, Association of American Medical Colleges members have “substantial economic and social impacts on their multi-county regions and within the counties and cities where they have operations. … Communities in all regions of the country typically rely on these institutions for job creation, high-quality medical care, advanced research, new business development and education of medical professionals.”
The full report is available here.