What factors affect a student's self-efficacy?

DO-IT Factsheet #504

Positive self-efficacy, or the belief that one can do what is necessary to achieve his/her goals, has been shown to be important in determining whether or not postsecondary students will succeed in reaching their goals. Key factors affecting self-efficacy include:

As students experience these situations, their self-efficacy changes. Numerous studies examine the relationship between self-efficacy and positive outcomes for postsecondary students but relatively few studies have focused specifically on students with disabilities majoring in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) fields. Information about a study on this topic can be found in the Knowledge Base article What affects the self-efficacy of postsecondary students with disabilities in STEM fields? [1].

This Knowledge Base article was developed through the RDE Collaborative Dissemination Project [2](National Science Foundation Research in Disabilities Education Award #HRD-0929006).