Dancers with hearing impairments can "keep time" with or without music.
There are several ways that dancers who are hearing impaired learn new dances. According to dance instructors at Gallaudet University, counting visually, using a high-quality sound system, and communicating through signs are the most effective techniques for teaching dance to deaf students. Counting visually helps establish basic rhythm patterns and facilitates the development of inner rhythm and timing for each dance. A sign count similar to a verbal count with hearing dancers also provides cues for learning new dance steps. Some individuals with residual hearing may also pick up cues from the music to help them with their movements and positions in a dance. For more information on dance for people with hearing impairments, visit the Gallaudet University Web site.