Ten More from the Labs

A sampling from the breadth of research under way at the UW

1. BEHAVIORAL SCIENCE
Violence on TV breeds aggression

Researchers at the Seattle Children’s Research Institute and the UW reported that preschoolers who watched less violent programs showed less aggression toward others compared with a group that watched whatever they wanted. > www.nyti.ms/12UvXKp

2. POLAR SCIENCE
Arctic summer sea ice slipping away

Observations from a European Space Agency satellite show that previous UW estimates are correct: the Arctic has lost more than a third of summer sea-ice volume in the past ten years. The UW model and the new satellite observations combined suggest that the summer minimum ice is one-fifth of what it was in 1980. > www.bit.ly/ZeGPCL

3. SOCIOLOGY
Gender roles, chores and sex

Married men and women who divide household chores in traditional ways—wives cooking, cleaning and shopping and men doing yard work, paying bills and car maintenance– report having more sex than couples who share so-called men’s and women’s work, according to a study co-authored by UW sociologists. > www.bit.ly/10ZmGhh

4. PALEONTOLOGY
“Living fossil” discovered

A UW research team has captured color photographs of what could be a previously undocumented species of a chambered nautilus, a type of mollusk often classified as a “living fossil,” in the waters off American Samoa in the South Pacific. > www.bit.ly/123QT2L

5. PSYCHOLOGY
Workplace fairness? Maybe not

Diversity training programs lead people to believe that work environments are fair even when given evidence of hiring, promotion or salary inequality, according to new findings by psychologists at the UW and other universities. The findings suggest that diversity programs can be window dressing—even those that do little may be perceived as effective. > www.bit.ly/Yiyk6p

6. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
Leaner meaner cleaners

A UW research team has developed a new procedure that thickens and thins fluids at the micron level. This holds potential for saving consumers and manufacturers money in the cost and price of soap products. The researchers built a tool that simplifies the process and may remove the need to add excess material to products. > www.bit.ly/10XM0W2

7. INFECTIOUS DISEASE
Vulnerability to Tuberculosis

UW researchers conducted a study that shows how tumor necrosis factor—normally an infection fighting substance made by the body—can actually make a person more vulnerable to tuberculosis if its levels are too high. Knowing how much or too little of this factor a person has is vital to treatment decisions. > www.bit.ly/10OBLTU

8. SCHIZOPHRENIA
Predisposition can be pinpointed

UW researchers led a study that found new genetic factors that predisposed to schizophrenia in five families with several affected relatives. In all five of the study families, the researchers detected rare protein-altering variants in one of three genes involved with a particular receptor network. > www.bit.ly/117p3P8

9. NEWBORN SCREENING
Detecting debilitating diseases

After more than a decade of work, two UW chemistry professors have developed newborn screening for some debilitating, often-fatal conditions that appear in the first year to several years of a child’s life. Currently the screening can detect six diseases associated with some enzyme deficiencies. > www.bit.ly/14qkK9b

10. GENE THERAPY
Boosting heart muscle function

UW researchers report that gene therapy could boost heart muscle function. The findings suggest that it might be possible to use this approach to treat patients whose hearts have been weakened by heart attacks and other heart conditions. > www.bit.ly/15aMX2Z

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