Research Engineer/Scientist 2 - Job Code 1493

General Characteristics: This is the intermediate level - developing/maturing professional - may be entry level for PhD who has equivalent experience related to area of specialization. Independently evaluates, selects and applies standardized scientific or engineering procedures and techniques; assignments have clear and specified objectives, and require the investigation of a limited number of variables. Incumbent relies on limited experience and exercises judgment within defined procedures and practices in making minor adaptations and modifications. Performance at this level requires developmental experience in a professional position, or equivalent graduate level education.

Knowledge: Knows and effectively uses the fundamental concepts, practices and procedures of a particular field of specialization; continues development of technical expertise and knowledge through experience and application.

Direction received: Assigned work under general guidance; receives instruction on specific assignment objectives, complex features, and possible solutions. Assistance is furnished on unusual problems, and work is reviewed for application of sound professional judgment.

Typical duties and responsibilities: Performs work that involves conventional types of plans, investigations, systems, structures, or equipment with relatively few complex features or for which there are precedents. Performs tasks/projects of a larger scope; may lead specific tasks within the project scope; scopes tasks and develops approaches for moderately difficult tasks; takes responsibility for assuring quality, cost effectiveness and timeliness for small projects. Assists in preparation of reports, papers, presentations, new proposals, etc. , and may collaborate on some; presents papers at technical meetings. Continues to enhance capabilities for project planning, including assessment of cost, scope and schedule against plan; implements new systems/approaches for moderately difficult tasks/projects. Has established networks in internal peer group; starts becoming part of identifiable external peer network. Interacts in a collaborative manner with other team members to accomplish organizational goals; provides ideas to improve efficiency at group level. Participates in procurement of additional/new funding through contributions to technical proposal preparation and/or presentations. Contributes to positive co-worker/customer/investigator relationships through efficient interaction on current grants/projects.

Responsibility for directing others: Monitors the work of junior staff to ensure that correct procedures are followed; provides direction to assure completion of technical tasks and projects.

Education requirement, minimum: Bachelor's or Master's degree or higher in an appropriate field.

Experience requirement, minimum: Two to four year's experience in a related area or equivalent.

Research Engineer/Scientist 3 - Job Code 1494

General Characteristics: This is a fully functional professional level - may be entry level for PhD who has been in a Post-doc position for one/two years or has equivalent experience related to area of specialization. Independently evaluates, selects and applies standardized scientific or engineering procedures and techniques to assignments of moderate complexity, involving potentially conflicting design requirements, unavailability of materials or processes, etc. Incumbent seeks continual improvement of work practices from experience with moderate-sized projects; develops extensions to existing methods and protocols. Performance at this level requires developmental experience in a professional position, or equivalent graduate level education.

Knowledge: Incumbent is establishing distinguishing technical expertise; has broad knowledge of principles, practices and procedures of field of specialization.

Direction received: Assigned work under general guidance; receives instruction on specific assignment objectives, complex features, and possible solutions. Assistance is furnished on unusual problems, and work is reviewed for application of sound professional judgment.

Typical duties and responsibilities: Manages projects of moderate size and scope; makes substantial contributions to determining feasibility of goals and objectives. Identifies problems and related technical issues leading to long-term, generic solutions; identifies technical approach for solving problems and meeting customer/grantor needs. Performs tasks of a larger scope and often leads specific tasks within the project scope. Sought out for contributions to reports and publications; author/co-author on papers, proposals, presentations and reports; gives invited papers. Interacts in a collaborative manner with other team members to accomplish organizational goals; provides ideas to improve organizational efficiency at group and department levels. Creates, monitors and implements effective plans; takes lead for scoping tasks/projects; assembles research team members. Influences important customer and UW decisions; recognized for technical contributions by external peer network. Maintains external research relationships to identify and develop new funding sources; makes significant contributions to technical proposal preparation and/or presentations. Contributes to positive co-worker/customer/investigator relationships through efficient interaction on current grants/projects.

Responsibility for directing others: Monitors the work of others and redirects efforts to achieve task/project objectives or enhance quality. Mentors junior staff in development of technical, project and business development skills.

Education requirement, minimum: Bachelor's or Master's degree or higher in an appropriate field.

Experience requirement, minimum: Three or more year's experience in a related area or equivalent combination of education/experience.

Research Engineer/Scientist 4 - Job Code 1495

General Characteristics: This is the fully competent professional, independent researcher level. Plans and executes laboratory research. Capable of working independently and without direction on assigned tasks/projects. Plans and conducts work requiring independent judgment in the evaluation, selection, and substantial adaptation/modification of standard techniques, procedures and criteria. Devises new approaches to problems encountered. Uses a wide application of complex principles, theories and concepts in the specific field. Works on complex problems of diverse scope where analysis of data requires in-depth evaluation of identifiable factors. Project results may impact UW research mission; results are visible/impactful in peer community. Requires sufficient professional experience to assure competence as a fully functional researcher/engineer.

Knowledge: Has established technical expertise; serves as a resource to research unit/department and UW. Possesses and applies a comprehensive knowledge of particular field of specialization to the completion of complex assignments; advances state-of-the-art research in field of specialization.

Direction received: Independently performs most assignments with instructions as to the general results expected. Receives technical guidance on unusual or complex problems and supervisory approval on proposed plans for projects.

Typical duties and responsibilities: Manages multiple or significant projects which may require the use of sophisticated project planning techniques. Plans, schedules, conducts, or coordinates detailed phases of the work of a major project or in a total project of moderate scope. Makes substantial contributions to determining feasibility of goals/objectives; may evaluate proposed or ongoing projects; interfaces with client/customer project managers and UW research/engineering management for existing or proposed projects. Creates opportunities to enhance technical methodology or content through expansion of existing, or development of, new efforts; may extend technology into new application areas; contributes or leads in major intellectual development activities. Chairs sessions at technical meetings; gives invited papers; participates in external seminars, workshops, professional societies and committees. Provides innovative problem-solving approaches to enhance organizational capabilities; uses peer network to expand technical capabilities and identify new research opportunities. Understands broad strategic objectives and contributes to them; nurtures and maintains relationships with major customers/grantors of external research and development grant funding. Identifies grant/project extensions and persuade customers/grantors to fund; impacts customer decisions and strategies. May initiate new project concepts and seek funding; develops technical proposals and makes presentations to potential customers/grant sponsors.

Responsibility for directing others: May supervise several scientists, engineers or technicians on assigned work; provides major input to staffing of overall project teams; builds teams and staff to optimize efficiency and cost effectiveness. Identifies and evaluates candidates for open positions; mentors/trains staff in development of technical, project and business development skills.

Education requirement, minimum: Master's degree or higher in an appropriate field; or a PhD with significant experience in the required field of specialization. Bachelor's degree candidates with exceptional qualifications may be considered.

Experience requirement, minimum: Four or more years experience in a related area, or equivalent combination of education/experience.

Research Engineer/Scientist - Senior - Job Code 1496

General Characteristics: This is the senior/seasoned professional level. Plans and executes laboratory research. Independently applies advanced knowledge of scientific research or engineering principles and practices in broad areas of assignments and related fields. Makes decisions independently on technical problems and methods, and represents the project in conferences to resolve important questions, and to plan and coordinate work. Devises new approaches to problems encountered. Uses a wide application of complex principles, theories and concepts in the specific field, plus may have working knowledge of other related disciplines to provide solutions to a wide range of difficult problems; ensures that improvement and/or changes are implemented as specified. Works on extremely complex problems of diverse scope where analysis of situations or data requires evaluation of intangible variance factors. Acts as a technical lead or consultant on various projects; leads the development of intellectual property. Exhibits creativity, foresight and mature judgment in conducting research programs/projects.

Knowledge: Maintains substantial knowledge of state-of-the-art principles and theories. Developing as an authority with national recognition; applies advanced knowledge to the completion of complex assignments/projects.

Direction received: Works without technical supervision; supervision and guidance relate largely to overall objectives, critical issues, new concepts, and policy matters. Consults with supervisor/principal investigator concerning unusual problems and developments.

Typical duties and responsibilities: One or more of the following:

1) As an individual contributor, carries out complex or novel assignments requiring the development of new or improved research or engineering techniques and procedures. Work is expected to result in the development of new or refined equipment, materials, processes, products, and/or scientific methods and approaches.

2) In a supervisory capacity, plans, develops, coordinates, and directs a large and significant project, or a number of small projects with numerous complex features; may require the use of sophisticated project planning techniques. A substantial portion of the work supervised is comparable to that described for Engineer/Scientist 4.

3) As a staff specialist, develops and evaluates plans and criteria for a variety of projects and activities to be carried out by others. Assesses the feasibility and soundness of proposed tests, products and equipment when necessary data are insufficient or confirmation by testing is advisable. May perform as a staff advisor and consultant to a technical specialty, a type of facility or equipment, or a program function.

Organizes and chairs sessions at technical meetings; presents invited papers; primary author or key contributor on major reports, products, papers, presentations, and peer reviewed journals. Widely recognized by key customers/grantors/investigators as being central to their mission; typically directs/participates in major proposal preparation and presentation. Provides intensive mentoring and training of senior research staff; uses national network to identify high caliber research talent. Effectively uses peer network to expand technical capability and business development opportunities; significant involvement in external seminars, workshops, professional societies, and committees; develops and initiates technical standards through interactions with professional societies and key clients. Provides ideas to improve organizational efficiency at all levels of the unit/department. Participates in strategic planning (understanding markets--who is willing to invest in research--who are competitors for research funds, state-of-the-art technology and equipment); plays a key role in the acquisition of research funding; identifies sources of new contract funding and directs the preparation of proposals and presentations. Is responsible for maintaining positive relationships with major customers/sources of external research and development contract funding. Reviews schedules, cost and documentation to ensure success of projects. Serves as an influential resource to UW and its customers for problem resolution, meeting client/customer needs, and for identifying research opportunities.

Responsibility for directing others: Supervises, coordinates and reviews the work of a small staff of engineers, scientists and technicians. Estimates personnel needs and schedules and assigns work to meet completion dates; integrates project staffing decisions with overall technical strategy; assists in developing selection/assessment criteria and hiring processes for research/engineering staff. As an individual researcher or staff specialist, may be assisted on projects by other engineers, scientists, and technicians.

Education requirement, minimum: PhD degree; Master's degree candidates with exceptional qualifications may be considered.

Experience requirement, minimum: Six or more years in a related area, or equivalent combination of education/experience. The Senior level is not reached on the basis of seniority and satisfactory performance alone. It is based on outstanding qualifications and the needs of the Department/Laboratory.

Research Engineer/Scientist - Principal - Job Code 1497

General Characteristics: Has full technical responsibility for interpreting, organizing, executing, and coordinating assignments. Plans and directs research projects. Coordinates research and development activities between disciplines. This involves exploration of subject area, definition of scope and selection of problems for investigation, and development of novel concepts and approaches. Works on extremely complex problems that impact the design success of current products or addresses broad design issues of future products or technologies; analysis of situations or data requires an evaluation of intangible variance factors. Research has substantial impact that extends knowledge and understanding. Maintains liaison with individuals and units within and outside the project, with responsibility for acting independently on technical matters pertaining to own field. This level usually requires extensive progressive experience, including work comparable to Senior level.

Knowledge: Recognized as a national or international authority; applies extensive and advanced principles, theories and concepts, and contributes to the development of solutions to complex problems that require innovation and ingenuity.

Direction received: Without technical supervision, demonstrates sustained innovation and creativity leading to significant project accomplishments. Supervision received is essentially administrative, with assignments given in terms of broad general objectives and limits.

Typical duties and responsibilities: One or more of the following:

1) As an individual contributor, conceives, plans and conducts research in problem areas of considerable scope and complexity. The problems must be approached through a series of complete and conceptually related studies, are difficult to define, require unconventional or novel approaches, and require sophisticated research techniques. Incumbent demonstrates superior scope and breadth of research through the creation of new concepts, applications, processes, designs or the identification of new areas of research. Available guides and precedents contain critical gaps, are only partially related to the problem, or may be largely lacking due to the novel character of the project. At this level, the individual researcher generally will have contributed inventions, new designs, or techniques that are of material significance in the solution of important problems.

2) In a supervisory capacity, plans, develops, coordinates, and directs a number of large and significant projects or a project of major scope and importance. May be responsible for an entire scientific and/or engineering program when the program is of limited complexity and scope. Supervisory responsibilities usually encompass subordinate supervisors or team leaders (3-5) with at least one in a position comparable to the Senior level.

3) As a staff specialist, serves as the technical lead for the unit/laboratory in the application of advanced theories, concepts, principles, and processes for an assigned area of responsibility (i.e. , subject matter, function, type of facility or equipment, or product). Stays abreast of new technical methods and developments affecting the unit/laboratory for the purpose of recommending changes in emphasis of programs or new programs warranted by such developments.

Proposes and leads new initiatives; guides programs of national or international significance. Primary resource to UW and customers in identifying future problems, research trends and opportunities. Presents papers, leads symposia and chairs committees; participates on advisory/policy boards, journals and societies; serves as peer reviewer of major technical programs; networks nationally and internationally. Contributions enhance Department/UW staff, business volume, and facilities/equipment. Plays a lead role in the development and implementation of new and/or expanded technical capabilities that will impact future research projects; reputation leads to ability to attract major funding. Typically would direct and/or participate in major proposal preparation and presentation.

Responsibility for directing others: Plans, organizes, and supervises the work of a staff of scientists, engineers, and technicians. Evaluates progress of the staff and results obtained, and recommends major changes to achieve overall objectives. Defines staffing needs, selection/ assessment criteria, and hiring process for research/engineering staff. As an individual researcher or staff specialist, may be assisted on individual projects by staff scientists/engineers.

Education requirement, minimum: PhD degree; Master's degree candidates with exceptional qualifications may be considered.

Experience requirement, minimum: Six or more years in a related area, or equivalent combination of education/experience. This level is not reached on the basis of seniority and satisfactory performance alone. It is based on outstanding qualifications and the needs of the department/laboratory.

Research Engineer/Scientist - Sr. Principal - Job Code 1498

General Characteristics: Has full technical responsibility for interpreting, organizing, executing, and coordinating assignments. Plans and directs research projects. Coordinates research and development activities between disciplines. This involves exploration of subject area, definition of scope and selection of problems for investigation, and development of novel concepts and approaches. Works on extremely complex problems that impact the design success of current products or addresses broad design issues of future products or technologies; analysis of situations or data requires an evaluation of intangible variance factors. Research has substantial impact that extends knowledge and understanding. Maintains liaison with individuals and units within and outside the project, with responsibility for acting independently on technical matters pertaining to own field. This level usually requires extensive progressive experience, including work comparable to Principal level.

Knowledge: Recognized as a national or international authority; applies extensive and advanced principles, theories and concepts, and contributes to the development of solutions to complex problems that require innovation and ingenuity. May create new science and/or technologies, and extend them into new applications.

Direction received: Without technical supervision, demonstrates sustained innovation and creativity leading to significant project accomplishments. Supervision received is essentially administrative, with assignments given in terms of broad general objectives and limits.

Typical duties and responsibilities: One or more of the following:

1) As an individual contributor, conceives, plans and conducts research in problem areas of considerable scope and complexity. The problems must be approached through a series of complete and conceptually related studies, are difficult to define, require unconventional or novel approaches, and require sophisticated research techniques. Incumbent demonstrates superior scope and breadth of research through the creation of new concepts, applications, processes, designs or the identification of new areas of research. Available guides and precedents contain critical gaps, are only partially related to the problem, or may be largely lacking due to the novel character of the project. At this level, the individual researcher generally will have contributed inventions, new designs, or techniques that are of material significance in the solution of important problems.

2) In a supervisory capacity, plans, develops, coordinates, and directs a number of large and significant projects or a project of major scope and importance. May be responsible for an entire scientific and/or engineering program when the program is of limited complexity and scope. Supervisory responsibilities usually encompass subordinate supervisors or team leaders (3-5) with at least one in a position comparable to the Senior level.

3) As a staff specialist, serves as the technical lead for the unit/laboratory in the application of advanced theories, concepts, principles, and processes for an assigned area of responsibility (i.e. , subject matter, function, type of facility or equipment, or product). Stays abreast of new technical methods and developments affecting the unit/laboratory for the purpose of recommending changes in emphasis of programs or new programs warranted by such developments.

Identifies, proposes and leads new strategies/initiatives that are critical to the UW; guides programs of national or international significance. Establishes new scientific and technical directions resulting in new fields of study; primary resource to UW and customers in identifying future problems, research trends and opportunities. Presents papers, leads symposia and chairs committees; participates on advisory/policy boards, journals and societies; serves as peer reviewer of major technical programs; networks nationally and internationally. Contributions enhance Department/UW staff, business volume, and facilities/equipment. Leads the development and implementation of new and/or expanded technical capabilities that will impact future research projects; provides the organization with a distinct competitive advantage in procuring funding. Typically would direct and/or participate in major proposal preparation and presentation.

Responsibility for directing others: Plans, organizes, and supervises the work of a staff of scientists, engineers, and technicians. Evaluates progress of the staff and results obtained, and recommends major changes to achieve overall objectives. Defines staffing needs, selection/ assessment criteria, and hiring process for research/engineering staff. As an individual researcher or staff specialist, may be assisted on individual projects by staff scientists/engineers.

Education requirement, minimum: PhD degree; Master's degree candidates with exceptional qualifications may be considered.

Experience requirement, minimum: Six or more years in a related area, or equivalent combination of education/experience. This level is not reached on the basis of seniority and satisfactory performance alone. It is based on outstanding qualifications and the needs of the department/laboratory.

Research Engineer/Scientist - Assistant - Job Code 9691

General Characteristics: This is a training level of professional work requiring a bachelor's degree in an engineering or scientific discipline and little or no experience, or the equivalent of a degree achieved through a combination of applicable education and experience. Under immediate supervision, performs assigned tasks requiring the application of standard procedures and techniques; relies on instructions and pre-established guidelines to perform the functions of the job. Position is usually limited in its application of functional area theory and principles to develop solutions to problems of limited scope. May also receive formal classroom or seminar-type training.

Knowledge: Performs assignments to develop professional work knowledge and ability; knows fundamental concepts, practices and procedures of particular field of specialization.

Direction received: Works under immediate supervision to complete assigned tasks/projects. Receives specific and detailed instructions regarding required tasks and results expected; relies on pre-established guidelines to perform the functions of the job. Work is checked during progress and is reviewed for accuracy upon completion.

Typical duties and responsibilities: Performs a variety of routine tasks that are planned to provide experience and familiarization with the technical professional staff, methods, practices, and programs of the unit/laboratory/department. Solves well-defined problems using accepted methods and techniques. Conducts experiments or tests in the laboratory/field that include making measurements and recording data. Contributes data for use in reports and publications. Networks primarily limited to own technical peer group; establishes productive relationships with co-workers, customers/grant sponsors, and others to accomplish team objectives. No defined role in identifying/securing research funding.

Responsibility for directing others: Usually none. May guide the work of peers, technicians or other support staff as necessary to achieve specific assignments.

Education requirement, minimum: Bachelor's degree in an appropriate field or equivalent combination of education and experience.

Experience requirement, minimum: Less than 1 year's experience in a related area.

Research Engineer/Scientist 1 - Job Code 9692

General Characteristics: This is the entry level of professional work requiring a bachelor's degree in an engineering or scientific discipline. Incumbents perform routine scientific or engineering work, evaluating, selecting and applying standardized scientific or engineering procedures and techniques to assignments with clear, specific objectives; assignments require investigation of a limited number of variables and few complex features. Limited exercise of judgment is required on details of work and in making preliminary selections and adaptations of alternatives. Requires work experience acquired at the technician level, or appropriate graduate level study. For training and development purposes, assignments may include some work that is typical of a higher level.

Knowledge: Knows the fundamental concepts, practices and procedures of a particular field of specialization; continues development of technical expertise and knowledge through experience and application.

Direction received: Works under limited supervision to complete assigned tasks/projects, demonstrating the ability to work independently. Supervisor screens assignments for unusual or difficult problems, and selects techniques and procedures to be applied on non-routine work. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments.

Typical duties and responsibilities: Using accepted methods and techniques, solves well-defined problems and performs specific and limited portions of broader projects, under technical guidance of an experienced scientist/engineer. Applies standard practices and techniques in specific situations, adjusts and correlates data, recognizes discrepancies in results, and follows operations through a series of related detailed steps or processes. Defines and improves practices from experiences on small projects. Conducts experiments/tests in the laboratory/field that include taking measurements and recording observations, collecting, compiling and processing data. Contributes data/findings for use in reports, documents, or oral/written presentations. Interacts in a collaborative manner with other team members to accomplish organizational goals; may provide ideas to improve efficiency at group level; networks primarily within own technical peer group. In the process of learning methods for planning, including assessment of cost, scope and schedule against plan; implements established systems/approaches for moderately difficult tasks. No defined role in identifying/securing research funding, however, successful performance of project related tasks provides support to on-going funding efforts.

Responsibility for directing others: May guide the work of peers, technicians or other support staff as necessary to achieve specific assignments.

Education requirement, minimum: Bachelor's degree in an appropriate field or equivalent combination of education and experience.

Experience requirement, minimum: Up to one year's experience in a related area; some or all may be in relevant educational programs.