3.1 The Employer, through its designated management personnel, has the right and responsibility, except as expressly modified by this Agreement and federal and state law, to control, change, and supervise all operations, and to direct and assign all employees work appropriate for their classification. Such right and responsibility shall include, by way of illustration but not limited to, the selection and hiring of employees, discipline (involuntary demotion, suspension, reduction in pay, written reprimand) and discharge for just cause, layoff, promotion, reassignment or transfer, training of employees, establishment of work schedules in accordance with this Agreement, allocation of all financial and other resources, and control and regulation of the use of all equipment and other property of the University. The Employer shall determine the method, technological means, number and kind, and qualifications of personnel by and for which operations are to be carried out. The Employer shall take action as may be necessary to carry out its responsibilities in any emergency situation.
3.2 Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement and this Article, nothing contained herein is intended to nor shall be construed as a waiver of the Union's right to compel bargaining prior to changes in any mandatory subject of bargaining in accordance with law, rules, and precedent.
3.3 The Employer may reassign work from outside this unit to bargaining unit members or may reassign bargaining unit work from this unit into the UWPMA bargaining unit. Should any such reassignment result in the layoff of bargaining unit members, the University agrees to bargain with the Union prior to making the reassignment, except in cases of emergency.