Except as expressly modified or restricted by a specific provision of this Agreement, all statutory and inherent management rights, prerogatives, and functions are retained and vested exclusively in the University. The Employer, through its designated management personnel, has the right and responsibility, to control, change, and supervise all operations, and to direct and assign or reassign all employees work appropriate for their classification. Such right and responsibility shall include, by way of illustration but not limited to, the selection and hiring of employees, discipline, discharge for justifiable cause, classification, reclassification, layoff, promotion, demotion, and training of employees, establishment of work schedules, allocation of all financial and other resources, and control and regulation of the use of all equipment and other property of the University. The Employer shall determine the method, technological means, number and kind, and qualifications of personnel by and for which operations are to be carried out. The Employer shall take action as may be necessary to carry out its responsibilities in any emergency situation.